You will need
- - Internet;
- - encyclopedia;
Since the first days of spring, more walk in parks and forest areas, watch for emerging tender leaves, try to visually remember and the trees themselves, and the shape of the leaves. If necessary, Refine their names. Use the camera. Identify your images with illustrations in encyclopedias, with photographs posted on websites about trees. So you can remember the names of the trees and their leaves.
Despite the fact that spring and summer the leaves are all green, you can identify them easily. The ash foliage bright green, maple – dark green, but in aspen she sparkles. The leaves of birch, alder, poplar look like patent leather. The fact that the resin covering their tender shoots, protecting it from weather changes and impedes evaporation. May the air of these tree resins is particularly fragrant.
Watch the leaves in the summer, when most of them had already acquired its final shape. Their shape, edges, volosistoj and other external characteristics are extremely important when identifying a tree. Describe in detail all your observations. Later this will help you readily identify the name of the tree, just holding the sheet in his hand.
Be sure to pay sufficient attention to the fall walks. Parks becomes so beautiful from the colorful decoration! In temperate and Northern latitudes most of the trees shed their leaves. At this time you can take a closer look at each piece and determine which tree it belongs to, based on observation and knowledge.
Learn to distinguish the leaves of poplar and aspen. At poplar the leaf of the extended egg-shaped with serrated edges. At aspen the same whitish-green round leaves of small size, the edge has a wavy shape.
Find the differences between the leaves of birch and grey alder. At last they round shape with a sharp tip, and the birch – rounded, with a pointed end and serrated edge. Among the autumn foliage is easy to distinguish the oval of oak leaves, reminiscent of the crown of this sacred tree, or horse chestnut, after which the tree remains a scar, like a horseshoe. Of Linden leaves resemble the shape of a heart. Their length not more than 4-8 cm, and scalloped.
Collect herbarium. For a long time, you will always look and clarified which tree belongs to a fallen leaf.
Use introduced apps for phones and other devices for fastening of the received skills.
Advice 2: How to identify a tree
Spring fills our life with green trees in parks, woods and gardens. But do we know the trees well enough to accurately determine what the tree in front of us: spruce, pine, poplar or maple? What will you answer to the question inquiring the child if he ask you: "what is this tree?"
To accurately determine the species of trees by their leaves. This will of course need some basic knowledge of the science of trees – dendrology and minimal experience. The fact that the sheet of each type of tree has a unique shape and structure.
Maple leaf is very difficult to confuse with the leaves of other trees. It is quite large and consists of five acute kind of "blades". Take a look at the Canada flag and you will see what it looks like maple leaf. You'll remember it for life.
The ash leaves are more complex, they are more like a separate branch, which housed several smooth leaf with narrow ends. Sheet ash usually has a yellow-green tint.
Oval, with serrated, the leaves Rowan in a special way located on the branch, it is very difficult to confuse with something else. In autumn, when the mountain ash appear bright juicy berries hanging in clusters, there is no need to identify this tree by its leaves.
Aspen have small, whitish, rounded, with wavy contour of the aspen leaves, but they can also determine other features. They are able to tremble, emitting a noise, something resembling a whisper. No wonder they say: "Shaking like a leaf". The problem here is the flattened shape of the base of the petiole, making it reminiscent of a thin plate. Wrong side of the aspen leaf has a whitish silver coloring.
Birch leaves practically everyone knows, they are round and have sharp gear edges. However, to understand that before you birch, and the leaves do not look. Beautiful birch in her white dress visible from afar.
Willow leaves are pointed, long and narrow shape. The lower part is grayish-white. The upper part of the leaf of the willow is covered with a kind of "fuzz", bottom sheet smooth.
These are some of the most common us trees. To determine the exact type of wood, you may need specific determinants.
Advice 3: Looks like the aspen tree
Aspen, or trembling poplar - tall deciduous tree of the family Salicaceae, which is widely spread throughout Russia. Outside of aspen can be found in Europe, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, Korea.
The appearance of aspen
Aspen allocates a columnar trunk that can reach a length of 35 m and diameter 1 m. Decorative forms are pyramidal and weeping crown. The characteristic feature of this tree is smooth, the bark light green or light gray. Closer to the roots with age, it darkens and cracks. The wood of the aspen is white with a slight greenish tinge. In the dark of the bark of aspen can be confused with birch, although if it is touched, the difference from the bark are noticeable. The bark of birch is characterized by a roughness.
In the winter, due to the lack of foliage, aspen can be confused with poplar. You can distinguish them, perhaps, only by location. So, in poplar forests usually are not found, and in the city, on the contrary, seldom grows aspen. A more reliable difference are the kidneys. At poplar they are longer.
In the summer, aspen can confidently recognize. They have it round or oval shape with irregular notched edges, a length of 3-7 cm From coppice shoots the leaves usually are large in size: their length reaches 15 cm. they are almost heart-shaped.
The venation of the leaves of aspen Cirrus. They are smooth on both sides, but the exterior are a dark green color, and lower - light-gray-green. With the advent of autumn, the foliage turns a variety of colors - from gold to crimson.
The location of the branches and leaves of aspen ordinary. It is noteworthy that the leaves on this tree exciting tremble even at the slightest breeze. All because of their special structure. Aspen leaves have long stalks, which are flattened, while in the middle they are thinner. Meanwhile, there is the idiom "to tremble like an aspen leaf", which means "to shake from fear.
Aspen is a dioecious plant. Its flowers are inconspicuous, small, clustered in drooping catkins. The flowers on the male tree have a reddish color and length up to 15 cm Female catkins are greenish and a little thinner. Aspen blooms before leaves.
Where aspen is growing
Aspen feels good on different soils. It grows in forest-steppe and forest zones. It can be seen in forests, along rivers, forest edges, clearings and occasionally on dry Sands, marshes, ravines and mountains.
Often it forms Osinniki and is part of the mixed forests in company with deciduous and conifers. Usually near aspen you can see pine, larch, birch, alder. Aspen can survive forest fires, because its roots are located deep underground.