Neurosis makes it difficult to adjust to the conditions of the living environment and distorts the perception of events. Reduced working capacity, no desire to enjoy life, but preserved a critical attitude to his condition. As a rule, are more prone to neurosism women, they are more emotional and sensitive. For neurosis is prolonged, it leads to disability of the patient, but often violates the existence of the patient and his family.

Types and symptoms of neurosis

There are three main options of neurosis - neurasthenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and hysterical neurosis.

Neurasthenia ranks first in prevalence, it's a neurosis of exhaustion or mental weakness. Typical manifestations is the combination of fatigue with irritability. Patients prone to tearfulness, emotional instability, rapid mood changes, depression, hypochondria. Often troubled by shortness of breath, pericardial pain, unstable blood pressure, sweating, dizziness, tinnitus, headaches, reduced libido. There is weakness, anxiety, restlessness, disturbed attention, memory and learning, tormented by a sense of dissatisfaction with life. Appear sleep problems - difficulty falling asleep, frequent waking, lack of Vim and vigor.

Syndrome obsessions. Obsessions can be thoughts, movements (tics, blinking, blinking), doubts, the desire to check everything several times. Symptoms are aggravated by emotional stress. Subscribe to obsessions anxiety, tension, worry, the expectation of an indefinite and unwarranted trouble. Sometimes there is hypochondriac syndrome, that is, inadequate attention to their health, the misappropriation of the disease. Often emotional disorders are manifested depressive syndrome, when, in the foreground a melancholy mood, appetite, sleep problems and potency.

Hysterical neurosis. Autonomic manifestations of hysteria appear in the form of cramps, persistent nausea, vomiting, unconscious States. The characteristic movement disorders - tremor, tremor in the limbs, blepharospasm. Sensory disturbances are expressed disorders of sensation in various parts of the body, pain may develop hysterical deafness and blindness. Patients tend to attract the attention of relatives and doctors to his condition, their extremely fragile emotions, the mood changes dramatically, they can easily move from weeping to a wild laughter.

For all the neuroses characteristic of a somatic manifestations of psychogenic origin, as a result, patients often unsuccessfully treated by cardiologists, gastroenterologists, surgeons and other doctors. Very often, the neurosis is hidden behind diagnoses of neuro-circulatory dystonia, dystonia, migraine, dizziness.

The causes of neuroses and their treatment

Main causes of neurosis - chronic mental overwork, prolonged stress, inability to relax, alcohol abuse,
debilitating disease.

Neurosis successfully treated with modern diagnostics. Treatment includes drugs that improve blood circulation in the brain, vitamins. When depressive manifestations effective taking antidepressants antianxiety actions. When the cause of neurosis is the obsession with worrying thoughts, a mandatory component of treatment becomes the therapy. Patients are taught relaxation techniques, the person could continue to control their condition with anxiety. In some cases, justified the use of tranquilizers to normalize sleep and reduce anxiety.