What is compost? This is a great organic fertilizer resulting from the decomposition of various organic substances under the influence of the activities of microorganisms, fungi and soil microflora.

That can be used for compost at the cottage? Almost all vegetable and food waste: weeds, cut grass (the Bane of modern gardeners!), branches, straw, tops of vegetables, spoiled fruits, peat, manure from domestic animals, poultry manure, products of human waste (urine and feces), paper, Newspapers and magazines, feathers, sawdust, bark, shavings, cut and moistened, the cardboard, all food waste (except meat and fish, avoid the emergence of flies and rodents). Simply put, once you have on the site there will be a box for the production of compost, the export amount of garbage will decrease significantly and it will be (garbage) consist of metal, plastic and glass.

How to make a compost box? Material for its construction can be anything: a metal or plastikowa mesh, unwanted pallets (wood pallets), slate, Board, plastic. For sale is a large number of finished plastic containers for compost, for every taste and budget.

The volume of the composter should be at least 1 cubic meter, lower weight the process of decomposition of organic matter will occur very slowly.

The basic rules of laying organic material in the composter are:

1. A compost container is always set directly on the ground so that the excess moisture could seep into, and in a lot of compost from the ground penetrated the microorganisms, the worms that help you to quickly shred the substrate.
2. At the bottom of the composter must be placed rather large branches, the rough stalks of corn, sunflowers, cabbage stalks with roots. This is done with the purpose to provide ventilation and air flow in a heap at the bottom, that will also accelerate its maturation.
3. The layers in the compost you lay not very high, 10-15 cm each.
4. A layer of succulent organic matter (mowed and weeded the grass, fruit, rotten vegetables, wet manure) should always fall asleep (better mixed) with a layer of dry and coarse organic matter (Newspapers, thin branches, peat, soil from the site, straw). Otherwise, the inside ledge is made to rot with the formation of unpleasant odors and mold.
5. Possibly once a month or need to turn the compost layers, or can increase air flow in other ways, " with the power of sticking the fork deeper, and swinging them over the entire area of the composter.
6. To speed up composting, it is desirable to shed a bunch of special tools purchased in garden centres.
7. Can be to cook such a "compostability".
200-liter capacity (a barrel) put:
- shovel of wood ash or herbal;
- half a bucket of manure or litter;
bucket rotten straw or leaf litter;
- shovel humus, compost or just garden soil;
liter whey or yogurt;
- 3 liters of brew - ferment.
Brew-ferment is prepared as follows: 3 liters of not chlorinated water is taken 5 tablespoons of sugar and a pinch of yeast. Haunting 2-3 days, then added in a common tank. To use to keep the mash should be refrigerated - it is valuable, not yet soured. In General, the tank whole thing was infused for weeks. Sometimes it should be stirred. When using infusion diluted in no less than two times.
This "accelerator" to shed a lot 1-2 times a week for 1-2 buckets.
8. The composter must-cover the top from the sun (dry) and rain (washed out nutrients, rotting substrate) shields or wrap.
9. Greatly speeds up compost maturation landing directly on top of the compost pile pumpkins and zucchini. Stemming from these crops help to decompose organic matter, and the weight of the leaves darkens a lot, creating an optimal microclimate. During plant growth continues the laying of the mass in the composter. The layers are placed directly under the leaves, between stems of zucchini.

If you follow these rules, then by fall you will be able to get a large amount of fine Mature compost, loose, dark, with a pleasant smell of the forest floor and use it on the vegetable garden, in flower beds and in the garden.