You will need
- - The Handbook of cacti and succulents.
If you buy cactus nursery or a collector engaged in the breeding of cacti, most likely you will learn the exact name of your pet and information on how to grow it. But in the store buying plants from Dutch mixes, you will not get any knowledge about what exactly you purchased. Only hope for your sharp eyes and wit.
Make sure that before you do a cactus. The main difference between the cacti from other plants is the presence of the areola. This is a small ploschadochka, from which grow spines, hairs, or bristles. Euphorbia, which are often confused with cacti, have no areola, they have the spines grow directly from the plant body.
A round cactus, the areola of which are not located on edges, and protruding dermal papilla, and gives abundant root growth is likely to be mamillaria or Rebutia. They can be distinguished until flowering. Have mammilyary flowers appear around the top, Rebuzzi – near the base of the body of the cactus.
If the cactus is very similar to Mammillaria, but virtually forms kids, maybe you see a parody. These cacti differ globular form with tuberculate papillae, which are located on the areola.
Cacti with prominent rows of thorns, seated on a more or less high ribs, very common. Most often sales are Echinopsis. These cacti have rounded stems, and very fine flowers. As a rule, tubular flowers are white or pink, very fragrant. In young, Echinopsis have a spherical shape, but with age stretch. These cacti form a lot of kids.
If your Echinopsis bloom on top of yellow or red flowers, maybe it's not Echinopsis. It lobiviya belonging to the same class as Echinopsis.
If you purchased ribbed columnar cactus, densely covered with silky white hairs, you are lucky. Rather, it is cephalocereus or "old man cactus". His silver hairs can reach 30 cm Each areole bears 3-5 gray or yellow spines up to 4 cm in length. Similar to cephalocereus, espostoa woolly, but she has more acute spines.
Columnar cactus with slender stems and short ribs, densely covered with spines, branching almost from the base, will likely be one of cleistocactus. The areola of cleistocactus with a large number of the bristles are very close. The flowers are tubular and very bright.
Impresses with its long well developed spines Ferocactus. Spines can be straight or curved, usually brightly colored. The cactus often has a spherical shape with a high, thick ribs. Areola large, well-developed.
Very attractive astrofitum living in deserts. These cacti differ in a thick bluish waxy bloom on the surface of the ribs. Typically, edges a little,they are often twisted and devoid of thorns.
Another numerous race desert cactus is prickly pear. Is a cactus with flat leaf stems, similar to tortillas. Prickly pear bloom very rarely at home, are growing rapidly and have an interesting bizarre form.
Advice 2 : Why not cactus blooms home
Many species of cacti are amazingly beautiful flowers. However, in some cases they for a long time may not have the buds, this is due to several main reasons.
Most often, the cacti are not in bloom due to the fact that they were not organized wintering in appropriate conditions, and it was at this time in this plant flower buds. To provide the necessary conditions for it must already since September to move the pot from the cornfields bright and dry room where the temperature is from 5 to 16 degrees. In addition, you will need to reduce the frequency of watering. In the fall it should be done 5-6 times a month, and with the onset of winter, the experts do not recommend to carry out watering of cacti or do it only 1-2 times a month.
If the cactus is not yet three years, then expect flowers from him is not worth it. Because the buds on these plants appear not earlier than this age, and sometimes 4 or even 5 years. To accelerate the emergence of flowers on it, you need to create an enabling environment. For this cacti to be delivered to the window located in the East or the South. Then he will get the necessary amount of sun. In summer, you want to ensure that the cacti soil was always moist. Better to make such plants to fresh air and don't forget to fertilizing with a special fertilizer 1-2 times a month.
Too much pot
Feature of cacti is that they first strive to develop to the maximum its root system and then above ground part. The result is flower buds can't watch them for very long if the plants were planted in large pots. So pick up tanks of average capacity, and even if drainage holes would look out roots, still not worth it to repot the cacti in larger pots, since it will not benefit them flowering.
The appearance of the children instead of flowers
Keep in mind that the buds of flowers develop at the cactus on the shady side. If you're constantly rotate the pot to get every part of plants receive enough sunlight, instead of the buds appear kids, and the bloom will have to leave for a year. Therefore, if you notice that on the shaded side began to emerge the buds, wait until their length becomes more than 5 mm, then you can safely turn the cactus the other side to the light.
Remember that cacti bloom only a few hours. Then the buds wither. Therefore, this period could be loss in view of the fact that such a plant has been nursing only a few times a month.