Advice 1: How to teach a child to write dictations

The ability to write correctly important life. Business papers, letters, and personal records - all must be without error. And work on literacy, writing need constantly, as the progress is not in place. With him in the Russian language, new words, write who also need to correct. Letter dictation is hard work requiring a combination of different skills. Help your child these skills to develop.
How to teach a child to write dictations
Instruction
1
Teach your child to first completely listen to the offer, and only then proceed to its writing.
2
Form a child's ability to impose himself on the syllables that you need to write. The house can dictate to yourself out loud, carefully pronouncing all the sounds. The class will have to do it in a whisper that also need to be able to.
3
Require a careful check is written. It should not be a quick read, and attentive, syllabic, clarifying all the obscure points.
4
Make a note with your child on flashcards all vocabulary words needed to memorize in this class (contained in the Glossary at the end of the textbook in the Russian language). Hang these cards around the apartment. Child will stumble on them look and will automatically remember words.
5
Check with your child knowing all the rules of spelling words studied in this class. Create the ability to apply them to the letter. Ask the child to tell what letter should be written in any word, but also to justify her writing.
6
Develop a child's spelling vigilance. Offer him a text that is written with errors and ask for these errors to find and fix.
7
Write warning dictations. Dictate the first sentence entirely, then phrases. Before writing the child should explain what, how and why he will write.
8
Let your child read the text. Find all dangerous in terms of possible errors. Check the spelling of all the words governed by rules. Repeat the spelling of all common dictionary words. Dictate the text to the child. Read together written, correct any errors that prove the need for corrections. Write the dictation again. Check it out.
9
Lead the work on forming the ability to write dictation every day. Write a short dictation, carefully considering every word. Systematic work, the number of errors will decrease.
Useful advice
Consult a speech therapist about the status of phonetic-phonemic perception. If there is a need of correction, take a course of lessons.

Advice 2: How to teach a child to write

The basic rule when teaching the child the letter – a daily workout. To teach the child to correctly hold a pen you need to try before school age.
How to teach a child to write
Instruction
1
As a rule, parents teach child preschool alphabet, ability to read and pronounce letters. Some go further, teaching the child to put letters and words to read. But completely overlooked that the beloved child should be taught to write the letters with a ballpoint pen before school.
2
The times has changed too: previously, children were taught to write with a NIB-pens, and teachers Willy-nilly had to teach them the proper holding of such an instrument because of malfunctioning clutched in his fingers a fountain pen just didn't write or broke. Learning calligraphy has occupied the whole of primary school is 3 years.
With the advent of ballpoint pens training quickened as possible. In first grade students are distributed worksheets with examples of writing letters, under each of which is given in three lines. Assessment of first-graders is not put.
3
Of course, the child tries as quickly as possible to fill three lines, then to do their business. As a result, the pen he holds as a hit, writes the letters carelessly, and then fixed the incorrect skill of writing.
Later, when the lessons will need to write a lot, have a child quickly is tired, the working hand, and most likely, the letter will cause resentment. To be answerable, in any case, have parents, so take your time in learning to write before school.
4
First of all, show your child how to pinch in the fingers of the handle. Children learnt the wrong skill easy grip in the hand tool while drawing, hatching, writing letters to retrain then it is very difficult.
5
First pen is put a bend between the upper and middle phalanges of the middle finger, then top the handle is fixed with the pads of thumb and index finger. The distance from the tip of the writing instrument to the index finger about 2 cm Explain that holding the handle need easily, without stress. When writing brush rests on the little finger and moves it, the elbow remains stationary.
6
Look, it holds a writing instrument your child. Wrong skill can be identified by the following points: the child holds the handle "pinch" or in a fist. The pen is not on the middle and index finger. The thumb is on the handle below the index or perpendicular to it. Too high or too low clamped to the tip of the writing tool. The brush at the time of writing almost motionless, too weak or too strong pressure when writing.
7
To retrain in the following ways: place a marker point on the middle finger of the child in the place where should be the handle. They also draw the line on the handle, below which fingers of the child should not be placed. If brush child is too fixed, draw and paint with him a major figure on the album sheet. Make sure that the child did not turn the sheet in different directions: turn it should brush.
8
Develop fine motor skills. Sculpt letters out of clay, cut them with scissors, paper, make a test draw on the sand and snow, stack of twigs. Here you can see exactly which letters are worse than your child and help in their absorption.
As well develop pens construction paper crafts, pinching, compression, and rolling on the table with fingers small hard and soft balls or beads, drawing, coloring, and any other activities that require the capture of the object with your fingers.
9
Teaching writing experts advise to start to 4 years old: by this age the child already should be set correctly skill to hold a pen. Training should be daily, but not more than 20 minutes in one go.
Note
The ability to write, while adhering to the literacy and neat handwriting is a challenge for any child. But if not to miss the right moment and time to begin to engage, then future problems will disappear by themselves. Effective ways on how to teach children to write beautifully and intelligently, and how to get them interested in this lesson, we will discuss in our article.
Useful advice
How to teach a child to write. To prepare for self-employment letter the child needs to give paper and pencil and also select the place where he could draw and paint. Encourage him, if left alone, he draws. Teach him how to draw people, houses, etc., If the kid will see how painting and writing children are older, it will become to imitate them. Alphabet.

Advice 3: How to teach a child to write without mistakes

The problem of the quality of writing gets in front of all the students. The education system now focuses not on understanding but on vitabrownies rules texts. By itself, rote learning is useful, but not in all cases. Children who know the rules of the Russian language, make mistakes in dictations and writings. Therefore, to rely on the school as a Bastion of knowledge is not necessary. Take the literacy of their child in their hands.
How to teach a child to write without mistakes
Instruction
1
First basic rule - you can't tell the child the wrong spelling. From a purely psychological point of view your phrase "There is not written "b" and "p" will be perceived as affirmative, that is in the subconscious from child postponed that to write something I had just "b".
2
Give the student assignments in reading aloud. Most often literacy issues arise for those who suffer from violation of auditory perception. The more a child reads aloud, the more he begins to see the structure of the speech.
3
Read themselves out loud. Teach him to mark on hearing the first sentences, then words and then proceed to the study of syllables and sounds. Our education system has long operated in the opposite direction – from private to General. Usually start learning to write with learning sounds, then syllables, and only after that learn the words and sentences. It's not quite right.
4
Spend dictations. In a school textbook is quite enough practical exercises. Read clearly. The younger the child, the slower dictation. Watch as the child writes. If you see that he draws the wrong letter – note that there is written the letter "a" or "o". And again, don't say the wrong option. Let the child only knows the correct spelling.
5
One well-known Methodist Tikhomirov has developed a very effective methodology that helps many teachers to successfully deal with literacy students. Purely practically this theory is the following: invite the child to read an arbitrary text not in the way we usually speak, but literally – as you write. This technique is called orthographic reading. No need to be afraid that the child will always tell it like it reads. He is very aware that the way we write is different from how we speak. The child needs to break words into syllables and to pronounce the words, separating their components, but it should be done fairly quickly. When performing this exercise, have the child involved three types of memory: motor, auditory and visual.
6
Use this to read only the classics, published by reputable publishers. The likelihood that you will run into initially illiterate, the text is very small. Practice spelling reading regularly, personally being present at the lesson. If you hear that the child didn't get that spell (for example, a cow, and Makarov), then gently correct him and ask again to read the word. Do not force the child to do for too long. To 10 years is 10-15 minutes, after more than 15 minutes.
Useful advice
Some children are helped by the rewriting of texts. Give your child a summer job to rewrite a few pages from the works of classics. If all summer, the student will be given this lesson for 15 minutes, then by 1 September its literacy will be significant positive changes.

Advice 4: How to teach a child Russian language

The first teachers and the original teachers of the Russian language for your child, of course, are parents. Their task is to teach the kid right to use certain words, to make his speech was clean, smooth and beautiful.
How to teach a child Russian language
Instruction
1
Watch your language what and how you say it. The child absorbs, remembers, copies it parents. Two years in the minds of the little man laid the grammatical construction is a frame construction for proper and correct speech. And if with each other you say illiterate in the language, using colloquial speech, then it is likely that your child will speak as well.
2
In the first years of life a child learns the Russian language in communication. Talk to your baby, show new items and call them, but call it correctly, not distorted, not repeating after the pronunciation, even if his words seem ridiculous to you and touches you. Feeding the baby the car, say "car" and not "BBC" or something. If your child is happy to bring you a doll and says: "Kate", - nod your head, but say the word "doll". So the child will remember the name and correct pronunciation.
3
Teach Russian language in the game. In the form of games increase your vocabulary kid. Introduce new objects and words. Great if baby will repeat after you the word a few times, if not, repeat new words yourself and always recall them later. Do not press on the child, be patient.
4
Read the child books. The lyrics are samples of proper and correct speech, so the choice of books approach very carefully.
5
Buy educational games: word bingo, letter blocks, magnetic, or sound alphabet, an educational computer game. Bright, colorful favorite characters toddler in a very accessible and entertaining way to teach him to read.
6
Don't focus on the failures, it is better to praise when the baby turned out to correctly pronounce the word, build it out of blocks.
7
Follow the correct use cases. This will make it easier in the future, remembering the most important spelling rules of the Russian language. To do this, in a conversation with a toddler try to use in speech as much as possible forms of a word. For example: "this weekend we're going to grandpa's! Grandpa missed you. You and grandpa going to play checkers". This will then teach in school.
8
Refer to speech therapist as early as possible if your baby has problems with speech. Correct speech problems before school entry. Russian writing is based on phonemic principle. A child with speech problems writes illiterate, many mistakes. And useless and cruel and then blame the child for poor grades in Russian language.
9
In elementary school, pay special attention to how the child writes. When copying text or email dictation ask him to speak, advisable to "sing through" the words to myself. This method helps to see the errors, control the process of writing. Do not write for your child works, let him write them himself. As luck would have it.
10
Ensure that the child has done homework, were taught the rules. Spelling rules in elementary school only 9, so learning them will be easy. When checking written homework, ask to recall the rule, if the child made mistakes.

Advice 5: How to write the dictation without mistakes

One of the most important skills in the teaching of the native language – competent and correct presentation of ideas. This plays a big role in writing dictations without errors. How to achieve this goal, and to learn to understand all the subtleties of language?
How to write the dictation without mistakes
You will need
  • - Writing utensils;
  • - books;
  • dictionaries;
  • books.
Instruction
1
You can instill at an early childhood love of writing. It will be very difficult to constantly develop it, if you were not initially taught to write correctly. Deal with letter is needed before entry to grade 1 and preparatory group. Learn penmanship and spelling the most simple words and expressions. Turn this whole process into an entertaining game.
2
Buy good textbooks. Of course, in the age of information many texts are already in electronic form. Even in the school paper books became less. But still, any student will be much more pleasant to hold in hands colorful Handbook and study it. Purchase informative books and magazines. You will not spoil the vision and will be able to comprehend the grammar of the native language in a relaxed atmosphere.
3
Train and develop attention and concentration. Often even a diligent student it is difficult to achieve absolute literacy. Write a dictation with a lot of mistakes, and not always is the problem of illiteracy. Sometimes kids are very difficult even to focus on the job - their attention all the time dissipated. You should develop the concentration with the help of special exercises. Find out about them to the appropriate resources in the network or the school psychologist. Perform these exercises at home.
4
Practice to write dictation correctly. And not necessarily to limit it to the curriculum. Work independently for 15-20 minutes during the weekend. Write under the dictation of the texts that you want to hear. Use first those topics that you are sincerely interested. Then take part in the debriefing. Remember those places that need to be tightened in the future.
5
Work hard and let the teacher praise you for the effort. It is no secret that positive self-esteem leads to improved results. For any student it is more important than ever! You should hear that are much more competent to write a dictation, and you satisfied all around. Let this be the impetus for further development. Gradually you will learn to write texts dictation at all without errors.

Advice 6: How to write musical dictations

Musical dictation is a teacher playing melodies, simple or complex. The disciple must be as precise as possible recording music heard noises, their duration, and so on. To learn to write musical dictations, you need to follow some rules and apply the training techniques of the melodic and harmonic hearing.
How to write musical dictations
Instruction
1
Normally pupils, regardless of the complexity of musical dictation, experiencing the same difficulties in working on it. Most often they are expressed in three problems: a) students do not have time to hear the entire tune, b) only hear a piece of music or individual notes) can't remember the entire tune from beginning to end. Depending on the problem and is the key to its resolution.
2
Practice for the development of musical hearing in the following manner. Pick your favorite tune on a musical instrument. Now write her notes. Further complicate the task. Try another song first record memory notes, and then check on the instrument, how well you wrote it. Always listening to another melody, imagine how it would look written notes.
3
Purchase a collection of musical dictation of your difficulty level. Sing another dictation from the worksheet. Then memorize sung dictation by heart. Remember that all dictations are typical cliches of the build melody, chords. If you often work with collections of musical dictations, over time, will remember the music and build from them. It will be useful for the next exam dictation with the teacher.
4
Do these exercises that increase your musical memory. Play a single note on a piano. Listen to her coloring. Transfer this note to other registers, the difference in sound. Play the interval with the same note, sing the sounds out loud. Play the same interval in a different register. Play a chord of three notes, sing his sounds, then move the chord to another register and so on. This exercise will help you to learn the same sounds in different registers.
5
And this exercise will help to develop the pace of the memorizing dictations. Write down help of a few dictations from the book on tape or a voice recorder in a slow tempo (Largo). Record for recorder dictation notes. If you have time to do it without mistakes, write down 2-3 dictation at a quicker pace on tape, and so on.
6
Don't be afraid to rough recording of music for a teacher in time of dictation. With repetition of the melody, you'll be able to improve. Do not miss, as taught by teachers in musical schools and colleges, first playing the melody, and write on the stave all of that in time to hear. And write all the sounds you will hear anywhere. Under the new listening you always fill the missing sound. Success!
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