Advice 1: How to formulate a hypothesis

To start to define what is a hypothesis. A hypothesis is a supposition to explain the essence, possibilities, properties, causes, structure and interrelation of the studied phenomena. However, they must be reasonable and verifiable, theoretically or experimentally.
How to formulate a hypothesis
To formulate a hypothesis, it is first necessary to articulate the subject and object hypotheses, as well as the purpose – why do we need this hypothesis. If, for example, you wonder why the cat sleeps all day, and at night runs like clockwork – if you are not writing a scientific work, – would be sufficient an explanation for the behavior of the cat, as a matter of practicality and common sense (for example, at night the owners sleep, and the cat is boring).If you put forward a hypothesis for scientific research, it is necessary to remember, in your study you intend to obtain a new knowledge about the studied phenomenon. And if you are sure (or assume) that pushing and then checking the hypothesisthat explains the strange behavior of the cat, you will get a new knowledge, then the subject hypotheses (of subject area) will be "animal behavior". Specify the subject: behavior cat behavior domestic cat – behaviors of domestic cats depending on the time of day. The object hypotheses can be this particular pet cat (a single hypothesis), some cats, including domestic (private hypothesis) or all cats as a class (hypothesis).
To determine the range of theories, in this case explaining why cats sleep all day, and at night active. To answer the question: is it possible to explain the behavior of the cat, based on existing theories, and if so, how? Important here is the word "like" because we have enough information to assume how it will confirmed their own hypothesis.You may find that theories on the basis of which you can get the right explanation, there are no (or theory, but contradict each other), in this case the hypothesis is "working". If, for example, the facts about this cat does not fit into existing theory, to explain these particular facts should be formulated "hypothesis ad hoc" (for this case).
And now begin the actual formulation of the hypothesis, which consists of three parts.The first part begins with the words "know that..." and describes the phenomenon, the essence, the structure whose properties you want to explain.The second part begins with the words "in the currently existing studies is insufficient coverage was given to the question of how.." and then you describe what you want to explain).The third part begins with the words: "as a hypothesis we propose the following explanation..." – and then sets out its own version of the explanation of the entity (or of the properties, origin, structure, and relationships) of the phenomenon under study.

Advice 2 : How to write a hypothesis

If you have decided to conduct a study, in addition to goals and objectives, you need to formulate his hypothesis. A hypothesis is an assumption that you seek to prove empirically. The researcher should be able to write hypotheses.
How to write a hypothesis
You will need
  • Literature on the research topic.
First of all, you need to know that the research program is made only after a thorough analysis of the literature on your chosen topic. Therefore, at the stage of writing the hypothesis you must be already formed their own vision of the problem, and speculative you will be able to predict the most likely outcomes – they will be the basis for the hypothesis. Also, studying literature, you may come across similar work on your topic with the already proven hypotheses. But it will not make your research less important, as you may be able to refute them.
The specific wording of the hypothesis will depend on the chosen method or criterion for secondary statistical processing of the data. Without the use of mathematical methods, the results of your study and proven hypothesis will not be able to acquire the status of a scientific.
When writing a hypothesis you need to specify two versions of events. Consider this paragraph on the example of tasks: in the study, the students were asked to rate their anxiety level on a normal lesson and for reference work. Then hypotheses can be the following:- a hypothesis But we cannot say that the level of anxiety on a test reliably significantly different from the level of anxiety a typical lesson.- hypothesis H1: the level of anxiety on a test is statistically higher than a typical lesson.
Remember that it is always the hypothesis But contains a statement that the researcher seeks to refute, the hypothesis H1 is a statement that tries to prove.
Depending on the result of the application of mathematical methods of data processing, we can obtain four state testable hypotheses:
Verna hypothesis But with a probability of 95%;
Verna hypothesis But with a probability of 99%;
Verna hypothesis H1 with a probability of 95%;
Verna hypothesis H1 with a probability of 99%.
At the end of the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the results is written to the output indicating the accepted hypothesis and its statistical significance.
A negative result is rejected and the hypothesis H1 is also the result for the researcher.
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