Today produces a large number of special funds, including some that are quite expensive, designed for the removal of plaque. Need to know what they are based on acid is the worst enemy of lime. Most interesting is that the acid can be found in almost any kitchen.
Open your fridge and inspect its contents. A slice of not very fresh lemon is suitable for cleaning glass or crystal glassware, but for pipes and faucets, covered with thick limescale, this would not be enough. Here you can use regular vinegar. Dilute it with water in the ratio 1:1 and can start processing the surfaces of pipes.
If you are dealing with stainless steel, then you first treat a small area because some of its varieties by the reaction with acid is covered with dark spots, which then cannot be removed. When significant contamination of the surfaces of the tubes can use vinegar, which is a 25% solution of acetic acid. Try to avoid inhaling the fumes and getting essences on the skin surface.
Here, for example, can be cleaned from plaque shower. Put it together with hose in a waterproof package, fill the latter with water followed by the addition of acetic acid. Then the contents of the package, place in a bowl or bucket. After about half an hour limescale starts to flake off. The remaining large fragments can be removed using a wood spatula.
Advice 2: How to clean the water from the lime
Lime in the home are referred to as dissolved in water calcium salts. Water from different sources has different mineral composition. Depending on the concentration of dissolved minerals, it can be "hard" or "soft": the more the water contaminants, the higher its stiffness. As a rule, river and spring water has greater softness. Artesian (wells and wells) on the contrary, has a high rigidity. Drink it not too useful: the minerals, primarily calcium, delayed in the body and may even cause the formation of stones. Therefore, purification of water from such salts is not only a matter of taste preferences, but also taking care of their own health.
You will need
- - kettle,
- - slaked lime
First, the most simple and affordable household way to extract from the water the calcium salt — boiling. When heated to 100 degrees lime precipitates. It remains on the walls of the kettle or pan in the form of a white residue, known to all as "scum". The water is softened. However, such ash to wash dishes is difficult. To return the kettle or pot original form, it should be boiled with vinegar or citric acid. Acidic environment dissolves the calcium.
Another easy way to clear water from the lime is filtering. The stores sold a large number of filters. You should look for on the packaging the words "hard water". Filters of this type are filled with a reagent specifically designed for the deposition of hardness salts. Filtration can soften water even better than boiling, however, this method is more costly, because the filter cartridges from time to time will have to change. Moreover, the cartridge life will be shorter, the harder the water.
For the more advanced there is a chemical method of cleaning. In the water you need to add slaked lime. Took it easy, hydrated lime is often sold in hardware stores. Cleaning chemical formula is: Ca(HCO3)2 + Ca(OH)2 = CaCO3↓ + Н2ОГашеная lime, as seen from the formula, while bound in the carbonate and precipitates. The water then must be defended and carefully drain.The main thing in this method is to calculate accurately the amount of added slaked lime: its excess to anything good will not. So before cleaned so the water intended for cooking, it is better to experiment in a special dish. Slaked lime should be added slowly until the acid-alkaline balance (pH) will be approximately equal to 9. This point can be determined by using litmus paper. Knowing the volume of liquid and the amount of added lime, we can derive a ratio, and need to use in the future.
If a hard calcified water comes from a well or wells, it may make sense to deepen it. Water from different aquifers varies according to the content of hardness salts. More accurate tip can give the technician performing the sensing.
Advice 3: How to get rid of plaque in the bathroom
On the plumbing fixtures lime scaling occurs due to poor quality and high hardness. It can be dealt with using the tools that exist in the Arsenal of every housewife.
You will need
- - cleaning products;
- - rag;
- - acetic acid;
- - oxalic acid;
- - citric acid;
- - bleach;
- - washing powder;
Use acid. Heated vinegar, lemon or a solution of oxalic acid will help in the fight against plaque. Apply the product on a rag and wipe the places affected with lime stains. Lime is easily dissolved and washed off with water. Vinegar excels with dirt, rust and limescale. With oxalic acid care must be taken because it may cause harm to the enamel.
Use cleaning agents (various pastes, gels, etc.). The range of shops is a wide variety of cleaning products to combat plaque. For example, "Sumant", "Silit", "Amway", "Drano", etc. using a rag, apply to surface and leave on for the time specified in the instructions. Then clean the bottom and walls of the bath. A nylon brush will clean the dirt and grease, simultaneously flushing them with a stream of warm water. If suitable cleaning products are not, they can be replaced with a mixture of baking soda and soap.
Use bleach. It is easy to remove yellowish plaque. Dilute bleach to the consistency of thick cream. With the mixture cover the walls of the bath and wait until it dries. Then wipe the surface with a damp cloth.
Use a thinner for oil paints and turpentine in the struggle with soap scum. Dry the surface of the bath, wipe with a cloth soaked in turpentine or thinner. Then wash it using washing powder.
Use mechanical methods. When cleansing plaque use rags with microfiber cloth and melamine sponge.
Shower with the hose put in the water-filled package, add acetic acid. Package leave the bucket for half an hour. After the specified time, the plaque itself will exfoliate. Remains remove with a wooden spatula.