Capacity for cactus choose to fit him in size. Do not choose too small or too much capacity. If the selected pot holes for drainage too large and out of them poured the soil, lay on the bottom of the pot drainage. Drainage for cactus can serve as: sand, clay, gravel, and foam. Plant with a wide creeping root system to grow better in a wide and flat dish. If necessary, you can put the pots in trays.
Soil for cactus make maximum friable and moisture-permeable. Better if you make the soil mixture yourself. In well-rotted leaves, add sand or small gravel, you can also add expanded clay, broken bricks or clay chips.
Seat cactus at any time of the year, but better to do it in the vegetation period: from February to March. If the cactus is growing and developing well, sit it every year. If the plant is small, then necessarily at planting or transplanting hold the roots of cacti are very delicate root system.
Water the cactus sparingly, do not fill it so the water was in the pot. If the plant is in the pan, you can use the method of passive irrigation. Pour into the pan a little water, and the cactus will take the necessary amount of moisture. Water pours as it dries. This method is indispensable in the case if you for a long time leave apartment.
In order not to be damaged during the transplant the cactus, use the foam: nicknite it on the spines. So even the most prickly cactus won't hurt you.
Advice 2: How to choose a pot for cacti
Although cactus are perhaps the most unpretentious plants from those that migrated from the hot edges to the sills, that is not true for all of them. Some individuals have to raise with great care.
The choice of pot for cactus
The pot in which the cactus will grow until the next transplant should ideally come under its root system. To choose a pot correctly, you need to remove the plant from the old pot and spread its roots to explore the root system. The roots of various cacti develop in different ways and can be both rare and long or short and thick.
If the root system has a pronounced main root, the pot for this cactus needs to be long and narrow. In any pot for cacti great importance is good drainage, not less than 2-3 cm deep. When choosing a pot, you need to consider that and choose such that is room enough for drainage, and for soil and roots. But much to exceed the volume occupied by roots is not necessary. The excess free space provokes root rot in case of water stagnation and hypothermia.
If the roots of the cactus are many and they are mostly homogeneous, short, and pot need to choose a wide, shallow. Mostly cacti are in the process of growth to form a lot of kids and gradually occupied the entire space, growing not so much in height as in width. These cacti need for the transplant is necessary to divide and thin out, transplanting into smaller pots.
The material of the pot
The material of the pot for the cactus, is a private matter of each grower. Most often currently, the choice falls on the plastic pots, as their range is large and meets the requirements of any taste, even the most demanding. Colors are also very diverse, so the competition in plastic pots small. For reasons of health plants are best to stop the choice on plastic, as it does not store neither heat nor cold in contrast to the ceramics, and the roots will not suffer winter or summer.
It is not recommended to grow cacti in a metal can, and this is due to the fact that iron will inevitably rust in the process of contact with moist soil, it is not like all the plants. A prerequisite for the pot of any material is only available in bottom drain holes and a layer of gravel or expanded clay for drainage. Cacti do not like stagnant moisture in the soil and hurt, that is another reason not to opt for clay pots whose walls have long kept moisture.
You can grow cacti, especially seedlings or babies) in small cups yogurt or in cut-off plastic bottles, suitable for growing almost any capacity desired volume. It is not recommended to use the container, which previously stored the chlorine or other household chemicals, as impregnated with the composition of the vessel wall can have a negative impact on the soil and on plants.
Advice 3: How to root cactus
Cacti – the family of perennial succulents that spread from America to all continents, excluding Antarctica. Due to the unusual nature and variety of forms, cactuss are very popular among lovers of room floriculture. Propagate these plants by seeds and cuttings.
You will need
- - charcoal;
- paper napkins;
- - ground sheet;
- - sand;
- - expanded clay.
Cuttings used for propagation of forms of cacti, derived as a result of selection, since the young plants, sprouted from seed could not inherit all the characteristics of the variety. Besides, this way you can save a rotting cactus, cutting off and will plant its top. Cut the cuttings are recommended in the spring or early summer.
Cut the stalk from the plant perpendicular to its axis. This can be done with a sharp knife, wiping the blade with alcohol. If you cut off the top with rotting plants, separate all damaged areas to healthy tissue. Before you make the last cut, again with alcohol wipe the blade of a knife.
Some growers engaged in cultivation of cactuses, it is recommended to grind the cut of the cutting at an angle of forty-five degrees on all sides without damaging the Central cylinder. After drying the surface of the slice will not be drawn into the plant and does not form a hole, which is normally derived mold.
Dry plant material in two to three days, spreading the cuttings slices to the sun. You can powder the slices powdered charcoal.
Once the slices are dry, place the cuttings in a container, placing them vertically on a layer of slightly crumpled tissue paper. Capacity with plants put in a well lit area. Different species of cacti require different amount of time for sprouting of roots. This process can take from two weeks to six months.
There is a way of rooting cacti over the container of water. To root cuttings in this way, pour water in a shallow container and attach a lid with a hole. Over the hole, place the dried stalk of the cactus so that it does not touch the water. Cover the container with handle transparent lid and place in a warm, well-lighted place.
The cuttings have roots, can be seated in separate pots. To do this, place the pots in the drain and pour over it a mixture of parts of leaf, parts loam and two parts washed river sand. To the mixture is recommended to add crushed charcoal.
The cuttings should be planted into the soil so that the ground was only the roots. Plant after planting will be in a rather precarious position, but this can be corrected. Put in pot with handle top drainage and fix the cactus upright with large granules. As the top of the drainage you can use the hot water washed the clay pebbles.