- - the pruner;
- - reciprocating saw.
Advice 2: How to trim grapes in the summer and fall
When pruning grapes
If we talk about ukryvnoy viticulture, it would be appropriate to prune the vines in the fall, that first of all allows you to completely cover the bushes for the upcoming winter. Moreover, in the spring, when the disclosure of the grapes, care of shrubs is greatly facilitated, and the yield will appreciate its abundance.
Not recommended for spring pruning of grapes, because in this period the plant can hardly survive the wounds from the cuts and may even get sick. Possible pruning of young seedlings that have not yet begun to bear fruit in early March at a steady temperature of +5°C.
Pruning grapes in the summer can not be called a trimmer in the conventional concept, because in this period the bushes pasankalla, minted, decimated by willamalane unnecessary branches. These activities are carried out prophylactically to prevent diseases, and to provide the necessary access to sunlight to the grapes that is necessary for their adequate aging.
In the summer months, knowing how to prune the vines, densely planted bushes you can further thin out the leaves to the grapes received sufficient oxygen, and they are better ventilated.
The autumn crop of grapes
To leave next year well ripened, the vine, the leading growers recommend autumn pruning grapes in two stages.
Immediately after harvest, the grape vine is cleared of links that fruited this season, as well as cut sickly shoots, inhibiting the growth of a Bush. The main crop is two weeks after the leaves fell. The first frost is not terrible for the vines, and to some extent even useful for school, but when cutting a mark on the thermometer should not fall below values of -3°C. otherwise, the vines become brittle and will get damaged when the cover of the vineyard.
There are some differences in the method of pruning young seedlings and perennial Bush. Young seedlings are required each year to remove unwanted shoots and to shape the Bush by one of the schemes cropping. It is recommended to leave 3-8 branches, which grow out of the ground at an angle and, subsequently, will bear fruit.
To correctly prune the vines, fertile years, especially if it is running, will have to spend more effort and time. But to bring bushes in order to increase their yield can, which should do the following:
- in early September to remove years of the vine's young shoots, which reach half a meter in height from the ground;
- shoots located on vine with a height of 80 cm from the ground, cut 10% from all their length and to remove lateral shoots;
- in mid-October, you must select two of the most developed escape, which is located at a height of 80 cm from the ground;
the lower escape is located on the external part of the sleeve should be cut off, while leaving 3-4 buds for the further development of formed branches of substitution;
- escape above from the opposite side cut off, leaving 5-12 holes for the formation of the fruit of the arrow (the number of holes is equal to the diameter of the escape and a couple of extra holes left in case of freezing);
As a result, after pruning the grapes on the Bush should remain perennial powerful trunks, which grow perpendicular to the ground, and the vine with the kidneys, which next year will produce new shoots and to bear fruit.
To the slices better and faster overgrown, you need to prune the vines, pereza shoots from the other side, which is directed to the middle of the Bush. When sections from different sides SAP flow of the branch is broken, and the next year the number of harvests can be reduced. It is also necessary to monitor the quality of the cut, which should be smooth and not to stratify the vine.
After completing all of the activities on pruning grapes in autumn can provide a guarantee of a good harvest next year and to prevent the development of diseases of shrubs.
Advice 3: When to plant grapes
When to plant grapes?
Young seedlings of grapes, regardless of variety, can be planted and in the fall before the first frost, and spring – from mid-April to the second half of June. The annual planting of seedlings is best done before mid-may, while green and vegetative plants can be planted later.
If planting young shoots of grapes produced in the autumn, care must be taken to protect the plant from winter cold. This seedling should be placed before the frost under cropped plastic bottle. To keep the plants "breathe" in the bottle should do several small holes.
For planting it is desirable to use only healthy seedlings. So, annual seedlings, it is suitable for planting, should have a white, sturdy rhizome. If the root has a brownish tinge, to put such a plant is not worth it.
Before planting, the seedling should be soaked during the day in clear water and carefully cut it, leaving a length of 15-20 cm (3-4 eye). To protect the seedlings from the infectious diseases and the possible invasion of parasites, its stem should be treated with 1% solution of the pesticide "DNOC".
A place for planting grapes
We must not forget that the vine is still the plant of the South, and therefore to plant it in the appropriate places. The best place for planting young seedlings is a southern, southwestern or Western side of the house, barn, garage or any other buildings.
To plant the grape must on the slopes, though we must remember that the distance to other trees growing on the plot should not be less than three meters. Ideally, five or six meters.
To provide the plant full and healthy growth, it is necessary to prepare an appropriate soil – in the form of a kind of a layer cake. The first thing you need to fill in the pit a layer of fertile topsoil (10-15 cm), then two buckets of rotted manure. The next layer – feeding the soil, which usually consists of 200 grams of superphosphate, 150 grams of fertilizers based on potassium and one jar of wood ash. Cover the layer of fertilizer, again a layer of topsoil.
The procedure described above should be performed twice, and only then in the resulting "layer cake" you can plant grapes. Before planting the soil should be watered with water. So, if the planting of grapes produced in areas of the middle band of the country, enough to water the soil 2-3 litres of water; if the grapes are planted in the arid climate, for the first irrigation is best to use at least 2-3 buckets of water.
Advice 4: "Brilliant" grape
Planting grapes produced in the Sunny areas. The most suitable regions for growing this variety from the Central and southern part of Russia.
Preparation of the soil is a mix of sand, humus and compost. Moreover, the proportion of sand is 50%. To plant grapes in the spring and summer, the exact time depends on the climate of the region. It is desirable that the aircraft was landing on the South side of the house near buildings or other plants. The distance between the seedlings should be not less than 80 see If there is an opportunity to set the groundwater level, then when finding water at a depth of less than 2 metres installed a drainage.
It is obligatory watering and fertilizing seedlings. When flowering it is not recommended to pinch off the top. Table grapes require a fair amount of leaves.
There are a number of problems that can be encountered when growing this variety.
- To ensure greater productivity it is necessary unnecessary to remove the grapes on time.
- You can not completely replace root feeding foliar. The leaf is a Supplement root during flowering.
- When pruning a young vine must leave 2 – 3 buds. It is not necessary to prune the vines, carrying out of a decorative fence or shed. There are many other varieties. You can't abuse the biologics, especially when the grapes growing in greenhouses.
In autumn the nutrients from the leaves go to the roots, so pruning in early spring produce. Shelter from frost in the winter be sure to provide sufficient access of air.
- Mulching only be done in warm soil, about the first half of June.
The time of ripening of the grapes "Brilliant" does not exceed 100 days. The berries, though of average size, but different speed of development. To reduce the risk of freezing requires covering with polyethylene. The use of fertilizers has a positive impact on productivity. Irrigation is carried out mainly by droplets. By following these simple rules, you can achieve excellent yields.