Advice 1: How to prune grapes in spring

Groomed vineyard is growing very fast, trying to learn as much as possible living space. Annual pruning of grapes is the only way to obtain fruit of the vine to help the Bush to recover. In the process, usually removed or shortened the old part of the crown and the annual shoots. The task of the novice grower is to learn the basic principles of this procedure.

How to prune grapes in spring
You will need
  • - the pruner;
  • - reciprocating saw.
Instruction
1
Begin to prune the vines in early spring, prior to the rapid SAP flow and swelling of eyes. Inspect the overwintered hive, and then assess his condition. The plant should be thinned to remove damaged, diseased and weak branches. Thick branches gently bend over to the side of the pruning shears and make the cut in a sliding motion. Vines should not collapse! If necessary, use a garden saw with divorced teeth.
2
Have Bush the second vegetation cut from 50 to 90% of an annual gain. Leave 2 strong escape, shortening them for 4-5 buds. Try to keep the wounds of the cut-off branches were small, especially on the old wood – otherwise you can cause necrosis of plant tissues. When removing branches at the base, some growers suggest leaving the pads are about 0.5 cm thick. The cut must be perpendicular to the axis of the escape and to be absolutely smooth.
3
Form the "skeleton" of a young Bush. In grapes it is necessary to artificially create a trunk (bole) is a perennial part of the plant, which will terminate at the first branching of the branches. Leave two sleeves (shoulder) – cut perennial vine. That they will grow new shoots and ripen berries.
4
Use popular pruning "fruit link". On each sleeve it is necessary to leave a small part from the vines with a couple of shoots of the current year. Lower – mote replacement – shorten to 3 buds. Top – fruit arrow about 6 buds. This is a very important escape you leave it for fruiting.
5
The speck of substitution will allow the Bush to continue its development. When the time comes the next crop of the vineyard, one vine it will again be left to the harvest, the other will be a new twig of substitution. Thus, you will create a so-called bilateral radial forming four sleeves. In the first growing season your task is to grow two strong escape, the second four, the third eight.
6
In the third year of life of the vineyard you need to form a full-fledged bushes. At this age they are unable to give the first crop, so adjust the bearing. Leave on each shoulder 2-3 developed escape, the rest cut off about 45 cm you will adjust and the number of inflorescences: leave 1 bunch of grapes with small berries on 1 escape; 1 bunch 2 escape to krupnoplodnaja varieties.
Note
Pruning of the vineyard is complex and creative, it requires a lot of experience. Not to be mistaken with the formation of the Bush, it is necessary not only to study the special literature and constantly share experiences with experienced growers. It is important to predumat further development of vine, to see its strengths and weaknesses. Is that fruit not get hands full of vines. Instead, choose Deputy – healthy, strong run from 8 mm thick. New speck substitution can be a branch that is growing close to the trunk of the vine.

Advice 2: How to trim grapes in the summer and fall

The vines at the expense of their properties and the specific growth have a tendency to sprawl, which leads to the neglect of the vines and reduced crop quality. To avoid this, and the berries were large and tasty, the bushes are strong and healthy and formed, it is necessary to produce a crop of grapes, removing a section of old vines and a certain amount of young growth.
How to trim grapes in the summer and fall

When pruning grapes

If we talk about ukryvnoy viticulture, it would be appropriate to prune the vines in the fall, that first of all allows you to completely cover the bushes for the upcoming winter. Moreover, in the spring, when the disclosure of the grapes, care of shrubs is greatly facilitated, and the yield will appreciate its abundance.

Not recommended for spring pruning of grapes, because in this period the plant can hardly survive the wounds from the cuts and may even get sick. Possible pruning of young seedlings that have not yet begun to bear fruit in early March at a steady temperature of +5°C.

Pruning grapes in the summer can not be called a trimmer in the conventional concept, because in this period the bushes pasankalla, minted, decimated by willamalane unnecessary branches. These activities are carried out prophylactically to prevent diseases, and to provide the necessary access to sunlight to the grapes that is necessary for their adequate aging.

In the summer months, knowing how to prune the vines, densely planted bushes you can further thin out the leaves to the grapes received sufficient oxygen, and they are better ventilated.

The autumn crop of grapes

To leave next year well ripened, the vine, the leading growers recommend autumn pruning grapes in two stages.

Immediately after harvest, the grape vine is cleared of links that fruited this season, as well as cut sickly shoots, inhibiting the growth of a Bush. The main crop is two weeks after the leaves fell. The first frost is not terrible for the vines, and to some extent even useful for school, but when cutting a mark on the thermometer should not fall below values of -3°C. otherwise, the vines become brittle and will get damaged when the cover of the vineyard.

There are some differences in the method of pruning young seedlings and perennial Bush. Young seedlings are required each year to remove unwanted shoots and to shape the Bush by one of the schemes cropping. It is recommended to leave 3-8 branches, which grow out of the ground at an angle and, subsequently, will bear fruit.

To correctly prune the vines, fertile years, especially if it is running, will have to spend more effort and time. But to bring bushes in order to increase their yield can, which should do the following:

- in early September to remove years of the vine's young shoots, which reach half a meter in height from the ground;

- shoots located on vine with a height of 80 cm from the ground, cut 10% from all their length and to remove lateral shoots;

- in mid-October, you must select two of the most developed escape, which is located at a height of 80 cm from the ground;

the lower escape is located on the external part of the sleeve should be cut off, while leaving 3-4 buds for the further development of formed branches of substitution;

- escape above from the opposite side cut off, leaving 5-12 holes for the formation of the fruit of the arrow (the number of holes is equal to the diameter of the escape and a couple of extra holes left in case of freezing);

As a result, after pruning the grapes on the Bush should remain perennial powerful trunks, which grow perpendicular to the ground, and the vine with the kidneys, which next year will produce new shoots and to bear fruit.

To the slices better and faster overgrown, you need to prune the vines, pereza shoots from the other side, which is directed to the middle of the Bush. When sections from different sides SAP flow of the branch is broken, and the next year the number of harvests can be reduced. It is also necessary to monitor the quality of the cut, which should be smooth and not to stratify the vine.

After completing all of the activities on pruning grapes in autumn can provide a guarantee of a good harvest next year and to prevent the development of diseases of shrubs.

   

     

Advice 3: "Brilliant" grape

Table grapes of the variety "Brilliant" is derived from the varieties "Victoria" and "Original". Has an amazing flavor, Matures early and tolerates storage and transportation.
"Brilliant" grape

Planting grapes produced in the Sunny areas. The most suitable regions for growing this variety from the Central and southern part of Russia.

Preparation of the soil is a mix of sand, humus and compost. Moreover, the proportion of sand is 50%. To plant grapes in the spring and summer, the exact time depends on the climate of the region. It is desirable that the aircraft was landing on the South side of the house near buildings or other plants. The distance between the seedlings should be not less than 80 see If there is an opportunity to set the groundwater level, then when finding water at a depth of less than 2 metres installed a drainage.

It is obligatory watering and fertilizing seedlings. When flowering it is not recommended to pinch off the top. Table grapes require a fair amount of leaves.

There are a number of problems that can be encountered when growing this variety.

- To ensure greater productivity it is necessary unnecessary to remove the grapes on time.

- You can not completely replace root feeding foliar. The leaf is a Supplement root during flowering.

- When pruning a young vine must leave 2 – 3 buds. It is not necessary to prune the vines, carrying out of a decorative fence or shed. There are many other varieties. You can't abuse the biologics, especially when the grapes growing in greenhouses.

In autumn the nutrients from the leaves go to the roots, so pruning in early spring produce. Shelter from frost in the winter be sure to provide sufficient access of air.

- Mulching only be done in warm soil, about the first half of June.

The time of ripening of the grapes "Brilliant" does not exceed 100 days. The berries, though of average size, but different speed of development. To reduce the risk of freezing requires covering with polyethylene. The use of fertilizers has a positive impact on productivity. Irrigation is carried out mainly by droplets. By following these simple rules, you can achieve excellent yields.

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