The owners of desktop computers, the recording process will have to start with connect the microphone to the sound card. If you're on a laptop, you can record via built-in microphone.
In Windows operating system pre-installed program to record sounds that can be found in the menu "start" - "All programs" - "system tools" - "Recorder". Launching the app and pressing the "Record" button will start the recording process, which to stop by pressing "Stop" button. You will then be prompted to choose a location to save the resulting file and give it a name.
The lack of choice of file format and mediocre-quality recording of the sound Recorder makes the search for third-party apps. On the Internet you can discover a large number of programs that help make a record with the microphone is really high quality: Adobe Audition, Total Recorder, Atropos-SB, Autorecorder, Free Audio Recorder, etc. Work with any of these programs will not cause difficulties. For example, a program Free Audio Recorder, which can be downloaded at www.freeaudiorecorder.netconsider the process of recording using a microphone.
Install the program and run it. The default settings of the program put on the record sound via the microphone in MP3 format with good quality. If you wish, you can go to the Recording tab and Output to select other settings, and the folder in which the files will be saved. To start recording click Record Sound, and to pause or stop click the Pause or Stop, respectively.