Advice 1: How to make in a private house drains

It is impossible to imagine comfortable accommodation in a private house without water and sanitation. Even if your house is not new, to equip it with systems of water supply and sanitation priorities. If in the house there is water and sewer there, immediately get to work.
One of the important room in the house
Before beginning work on the device drain you need to decide – is there a possibility of tapping into the Central Sewerage network. If it is available, the task is greatly simplified – just need to get permission to connect. If not, then you need to build a sump other facilities. First of all is determined by the place of its future location. The pit should be located close enough to home (to the exterior Sewerage network was not very long) and have easy access for vacuum trucks. The depth of the well depends on the groundwater level, which should be below the bottom of the pit (but not less than 1.5 m). This will eliminate the possibility of contamination. The walls of the pit are strengthened with brick or stone, plastered.
When a place in the cesspool prepared, is laid the trench for laying sewer pipes. The trench runs on the basis that the pipe must lie with the mandatory slope of 1:100 and at a depth not less than the height of the freezing ground. For the Central zone of the European region it is smooth, approximately two meters. Aligns the bottom of the trench to exclude local drawdown of the pipe.
For installation of external Sewerage networks uses plastic tubing with a diameter of 100-150mm. Of course, you can use pipes made of cast iron, ceramic, but it will cost more. A pipe connects the sinkhole with the so-called dry well, which is near the house (on the exit pipe of the internal wiring). In a well established audit plug that can be removed to clean the sewers in case of possible clogging.
From dry well to the bathroom, you move under the Foundation: the water pipes are laid internal Sewerage. Set the riser - pipe, through which are discharged all waste water from baths, sinks, toilets.
The upper part of the riser is displayed on the roof of the house and serves a leaky cap. This is done in order to when draining water in drains formed in the vacuum tube does not interfere with the outlet and also for withdrawal of gases from the sewage system.
Useful advice
When connecting plumbing fixtures you need to install audit (easily removable plugs) for cleaning possible debris.

Advice 2 : Sewage in a wooden house their hands

People urban apartment do not think about how to construct the sewer. But the owners of country houses often have their own to worry about diverting waste from the house. The sewage system can be done independently.
Sewage in a wooden house their hands

Preparations for the sewer

There are several types of individual sanitation: it is possible to dig a conventional pit, and it is possible to install a modern septic tank with wastewater treatment systems. The first option is the easiest, but not very hygienic, pollutes the soil and groundwater. The pit needs to be dug away from the house, especially if the property has a well or borehole.

A septic tank is a sewage system in which water undergoes one or more purification stages, before it gets to the ground. And all solid waste must be regularly pumped out using vacuum trucks. For a wooden house in the country, you can dig up the cesspool, but if the house is designed for permanent residence, for example, is a rustic log cabin or country cottage, it is advisable to have a septic tank.

Choosing the type of sewer you need to calculate the amount of material needed for the device all three parts of sewage, that is, internal communications, external communications and the collection of a well, pit, septic tank. You'll need pipes, tees, bends diameter tubes, adapters, plugs, fasteners, plumbing sealant.
Do not skimp on quality materials for sewers, especially those that are installed directly in the house.

Installation of sewage system

The house is necessary to connect the pipes from the toilet and sinks (preferably under a slight slope so that the water passed through quickly) into a single tower, which you need to fix. Internal drains need to get out through the hole in the Foundation.

Dig a trench for the pipe and connect the outer and inner drains between them. In the cold regions of the outer pipe is insulated and buried deeper freezing of the earth. The angle of the horizontal pipe that goes to the collection, should be about three degrees.
Experts advise to install a collection of at least five metres away from the wooden house, but to hold the pipe at a distance of more than fifteen feet too undesirable, the highway is often clogged.

Dig the sump pit, the size of which depends on the amount of waste: in a large rural house, where a few people, sewage will be greater than in the summer house. The shape of the pits can be any round, square or rectangular. Reinforce the hole with a brick or a cinder block. You can make a pit of concrete rings, tires or the full casted. Take care of overlap, but don't forget to do the hatch to pump the waste away.

If you are installing a septic tank with their hands, you will need to dig two or three holes under the containers. The wells are connected by pipes. The first container is a sump, where all the waste. Solids thus deposited on the bottom and the water remains at the top, so pipe installed in the upper portion, so that the liquid received in the next well. In the second container the water either enters the soil or is cleaned and passes to the next part of the septic tank. Install the pipe between them with a slight slope.
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