Advice 1: How to plaster an oven

After the erection of a furnace to do its plastering. Before operation, be sure to prepare the surface of the oven. To do this, it is well to heat. The solution can be applied only on the hot wall.
How to plaster an oven
Instruction
1
Engage in preparatory work. Clean the furnace from a clay solution. Pay special attention to the seams. They must be clear to a depth of 1 cm After that, the seams drive in nails that have a length of 100 mm. it is Desirable to score them under the corner. Hats must be above the surface at 5 mm intervals between them should be no more than 15 cm To the nails with a soft kiln wire, attach the braided mesh that has cells of no more than 20x20 mm. Will create additional roughness that is capable of providing more reliable fixation of the solution on the surface of the stove. If the mesh is too soft and tight to the furnace, then under it lay steel wire 3 mm thick. Attach it to the same nails.
2
Plaster can only hot-wall furnace. For the start of their soak water. Then apply a creamy liquid solution. This layer is called the scratch coat. Wait, he needs to get stronger. Then apply a second layer of mortar – ground. It needs to have a thickness of about 5-7 mm. the Soil also should be well set. Now we can move on to the final levelling of the surface. If the plaster has a thickness of 18-20 mm, then apply the solution in three steps. It is not recommended to cover the ground pure gypsum test. It will lose its strength at the grout.
3
Grout is best done after complete setting of the solution. For this purpose, use wooden, metal or plastic trowel. You will also need a normal brush. With a brush moisten the surface with water and using a grater make the grout. Plaster should be clean and smooth. Missed and protein should not be. If after drying you notice cracks, then expand them, moisten with water, apply solution again and power trowel.

Advice 2: How to plaster over plaster

Some believe that if you apply a layer of plaster over the old one, it will not keep. But it's not. If maintained, not a single piece of plaster drops off. Re-alignment of walls on clay, and the special mortar used for plastering walls.
How to plaster over plaster
You will need
  • - hammer;
  • - emery emery cloth;
  • - a small piece of wood;
  • construction mixture;
  • mixer;
  • - drill;
  • - primer;
  • two spatulas.
Instruction
1
Well see all wall: if some places make you suspect that the old plaster can fall away, first tap them lightly with a hammer. If nothing fell, then between coats of plaster no voids. If in some places there is visible peeling, remove the coating with a spatula.
2
Treat the surface with emery cloth. To make it more convenient to do this, take a wooden block of a small size and wrap it in the sandpaper. Clean the walls need not much, remove only the surface layer (1-2 mm).
3
Saturate the wall primer with a brush or a fluffy roller. Let them dry out a bit. To do without primer, as it improves the adhesion and prepares the walls for further processing and removes fine dust, which prevents the fresh layer of plaster is fine to go.
4
Dilute any mixture for leveling walls. If you want to use the clay, then add a bit of river sand, so it will be easier to stretch out with a spatula. To the mixture is uniform, use the building mixer, which is fixed in the Chuck of a conventional drill. You can try to mix by hand, but to achieve uniformity consistency in this way is unlikely to succeed.
5
When the mixture for plastering is ready, get to work. Using two spatulas, apply a thin layer of plaster over the old. One spatula should be slightly less than the other, it is necessary to take the mixture and put it on a larger spatula, which you have to align the surface.
6
After plastering the walls, ensure that the room was not drafts, they can trigger flaking fresh, still wet plaster. After about 24 hours you may proceed to the further finishing of the walls. But remember, if you are going to paste Wallpaper, it is necessary at times to treat the surface with primer.

Advice 3: How to plaster foam blocks

Plaster is one of the most affordable ways to protect buildings constructed of concrete blocks, from carbonization and humid shrinkage. Unprofessional-looking plaster can spoil indicators such as frost resistance, water vapor permeability, thermal conductivity, etc. plastering the foam blocks to properly.
How to plaster foam blocks
You will need
  • - primer;
  • - roller;
  • water;
  • - cement;
  • - sand;
  • construction mixer;
  • - trowel;
  • rule;
  • Board;
  • - screws;
  • level.
Instruction
1
Note: for walls from foam concrete it is important that saved it was the right balance of internal and external plaster. In addition, under the outer layer of plaster and the wall should not accumulate moisture, in other words, the wall needs to "breathe". If you do not provide all of these conditions, the constant freezing of water and thawing in the outer layer will crack, while the inner mold.
2
Plaster should not be too thick: the optimum thickness of the outer layer is from 5 to 10 mm, and the inner layer is 10-20 mm. Plaster itself dries for a long time, so to speed up this process, make sure that the temperature in the room where the finishing work was varied in the range from 5 to 30 degrees (not below this level).
3
Before applying plaster, be sure to treat the wall: for this programsuite surface. After this prepare the solution: mix one part cement with three parts sand and water, and after all these components mix well with a mixer.
4
Using a spatula, apply the solution on the walls, though easier to apply the slap method: to do this, take the left hand grater, which put the prepared mixture, and the sharp motion, throw the solution on pre-moistened with water wall. After complete the grout the entire surface, smooth circular movements of the trowel to smooth the deposited layer, adding with a spatula in the empty space with cement mortar.
5
To make a flat corner, attach using screws or other fasteners Board (set the Board on the level). Stukatura the wall along the boards, and after a layer dries, remove the Board.
Note
Plaster is not treatable, therefore, the excess solution should be immediately removed.
Useful advice
Please note: if you need to plaster the ceiling and applied the layer in this case will be thicker than two inches, you should install makovye profiles and use reinforcing mesh. The ceiling is desirable to plaster mortar with high adhesive properties.

Advice 4: How to cover up the furnace, so it does not crack

Wood heating remains a popular way to heat homes. Therefore, an important and the problems that arise when the output of the furnaces out of action. For example, from time to time on the outer surface of the furnace have cracks that need something to cover up.
How to cover up the furnace, so it does not crack
You will need
  • - clay;
  • - sand;
  • water;
  • - gloves;
  • - special heat-resistant blend from the store.
Instruction
1
Even the best heat-resistant compositions that are purchased in stores may not protect against the appearance of new cracks. It's not the material used for glossing over cracks, and in the way it is done. One of the reasons of occurrence of cracks immediately after the putty dries, is the too hasty execution of works without compliance with some rules.
2
To heat the oven before you begin work. Crack wet with water, otherwise the clutch will take away all liquid from the solution, and he will not be able to gain good strength. Do not rush after work to immediately fill the oven – first you have to wait until the putty completely dries up. A careful observance of these rules, new cracks will appear soon or will not arise at all.
3
Consult a salesperson at the hardware store – they can tell you what mixture is best to use. If the appearance of the furnace for you, not fundamentally important, for example, when talking about the country, you can even use natural materials. The most well-known putty for oven popular recipe is a solution of a mixture of clay and sand. You can add lime or asbestos, and some craftsmen add salt. But it is better to use the classical composition of putty.
4
Soak the clay in warm water for about twelve hours. After getting wet, mix with your hands or a shovel, depending on the upcoming amount. Lumps need to knead, and then add in the clay, the sand and stir until smooth. Its consistency should be like thick cream. The prepared solution cover with plastic and let sit in a container for about half a day.
5
When the mixture rises, stir it again. To check the quality of the putty, roll from her piece in the palm of your hand – if it is cracked, the liquid should be added. To cover the oven you can just hand – a solution of natural ingredients will not bring about skin damage. If you are using a mixture of factory production, it is possible for a hand to wear the glove and then follow the same steps. Oven to heat slightly. Dampen the crack with water, a small lump of mortar push a little slit and smear the rest over the surface. If all the stages work correctly, you can forget about the cracks.
Note
Choose to prepare putty clay without any additives. After soaking the clay must be plastic and homogeneous.
Useful advice
Composition for glossing over cook the amount necessary for work. The proportions should be: 4 parts of clay are mixed with two parts of clean, well-sifted sand. The water may be required in different amounts depending on what the humidity of components. If you don't want to mess with the whitewash in the future, and add more lime.

Advice 5: How to make a strong mortar for plastering the furnace

Oven – an indispensable attribute of undeveloped private home. In people, there is a sign: clean the stove – a good hostess. Therefore, this source of heat constantly watched: in time podmenivali and plaster.
Plastered oven looks neat and tidy
In the solution, which line the walls of the furnace, it is possible to add various strengthening plaster additives and pigments. They make the coating more durable and long lasting, such that the lesion is most harmoniously fit into the interior.


Heat resistant plasters




To not have to watch cracks in newly plastered furnace in a solution need to add reinforcing material (e.g., straw or hemp). If the stove svejesobranna, plaster is applied to a metal grid with a mesh of 1/1 see It will keep the mortar from cracking under conditions of constant temperature difference.


There are several options for making heat resistant plaster. Most popular: clay with the addition of lime, lime with the addition of clay and cement, cement with additions of clay and lime. In any of these mixtures need to add any reinforcing materials: salt, asbestos, glass fiber, straw, hemp. If you decide to add salt, it will require 100-250 g per 1 bucket of solution. The finer the salt, the less it need.


Clay-sand mortar is prepared as follows: 1 part clay 2 parts sand. Cement-gliniany – 1 part cement, 2 parts sand, 1 part clay. Lime-gliniany – 1 part lime, 2 parts sand and 1 part clay. The number of reinforcing ingredient should be 1/10 of the volume of the mixture. Plaster would be much stronger if it is applied to clean burlap. But you should know. this stove can not overheat. Instead of burlap, you can take glass-fiber junctions with the cell 5-6 mm. This material is not afraid of no heat.


Modern means of increasing the heat resistance of the plaster to the furnace




In the shops of building materials, you can find heat-resistant ready-mix for plastering the furnace. These compounds, in comparison with clay solutions, have several times more heat. They are perfectly able to withstand temperatures up to 200oC.
If you decide to use one of the above formulations, it is recommended to apply the first layer of solution to treat the wall of furnace heat resistant primer. It will close your pores of old plaster and improve its adhesion to the new one.


With the help of the primer can strengthen the wall of the oven the burlap or fiberglass junctions. This can be done: first, apply a first coat of heat resistant primer composition, after it dries attach to the wall reinforcing material and liberally greased it with the same agent. It will greatly simplify the process of plastering the stove.

Advice 6: How to bake bread in the oven

Bread at home can be baked in the oven, and not just in a special baking oven. It will fit gas or electric oven. Tin bread baked in molds, and hearth on a baking sheet. For successful baking, you need to know a few secrets.
How to bake bread in the oven
Instruction
Note
How to bake homemade bread in the oven. The process of baking bread is absolutely easy, it just takes time to raise the dough. There are lots of kinds of recipes for bread, from sweet buns to coarse gingerbread and loaves. As example, focus on the recipe sweet white bread, which is not difficult to prepare at home.
Useful advice
Bread can be baked in the Russian stove, in the oven electric or gas stoves and even microwaves. When baking bread in the oven plates on its lower level it is necessary to put a pan of water to the bottom crust did not burn. Water in boiling water forms steam, to humidify a crust of bread, and it will get soft and thin. The bread is baked at a temperature of 200 - 250 C for 30-80 minutes, depending on shape, weight and formulation of the products.
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