Where and how mosquitoes overwinter?
It is known that female mosquitoes on average, can live from 114 to 119 days given the fact that the conditions for their existence are favorable, namely: the air temperature needs to stay between 10-15 °C. the higher the temperature, the shorter the life of komarichi. Male mosquitoes, regardless of the external factors, only live for about 19 days. It should be noted that how long the warm season, can live female mosquitoes.
But there are some types of komari that hibernate in winter. Mosquitoes in the winter are in the water, and that is where their life begins. In winter, the mosquitoes live in other forms, eggs, larvae and pupae. Female lays eggs in the ponds with stagnant water, where they develop further. From the moment of birth before the mosquito becomes an adult individual, capable of flying, is just nine to fourteen days. Adults spend their entire lives, namely summer and autumn, on land. Further, all male mosquitoes die and female-mosquitoes (and not all) travel to the waters to wait out the winter and spring to lay eggs for a new life.
Where and how to spend the winter flies?
Where winter mosquitoes are found, but where wait the cold time flies? Flies, unlike mosquitoes, which are obsolete in the summer, do hibernate, or to be more precise, this process is called suspended animation. It is known that the lifespan of adult flies for about a month, but many insects of this sub-species able to live much longer. For example, a fly that fell into a sleep, able to survive six months or more. With the onset of the first frost flies hide in various cracks, window frames and other secret places, where throughout the winter period keeps an even cool temperature. In these areas, they overwinter in a state of hibernation.
Able to winter not only adult flies, but the larvae they lay the day before. When the first rays of the sun penetrate into the room where you sleep flies, insects come alive, and the larvae and pupae continue their development. Everyone knows the expression: goes sleepy, like a fly. Indeed, when the fly wakes up after a long hibernation, she initially goes, just like the sleepy, reeling from one side to the other. After some time, the insects develop and begin to live a new spring / summer life.
Advice 2: How to get rid of houseflies
Flies in the house deliver a lot of various troubles. They constantly interfere with sleep, nasty buzz, bite and strive to get into the food. In addition, they are carriers of infectious diseases that can be extremely dangerous to your health. There are many methods to combat flies, but not all of them are safe for humans and other creatures, for example, aquarium fish, plants and Pets.
You will need
- as the tape;
- - 90 gram of rosin;
- - 30 milliliters vegetable oil;
- - syrup or honey;
- - Lanka and flowers of tansy;
- - black pepper.
Do not create a situation that attracts flies. Continuously remove the crumbs and leftover food from the table, floor and chairs. Window tighten the net – this will make the house less accessible to insects. If the room is entered a lot of flies, arrange a draft. This will help to get rid of the greater part of the insects.
Hang in places where flies are specially bought tape. They can be purchased at almost any hardware store. If you wish, you can make the Velcro fly on your own. Melt 90 grams of rosin over a slow fire. Add in the received weight 30 milliliters of vegetable oil and thoroughly mix. To lure in the mixture drip a little of the sweet syrup or honey. Once the mass has cooled, apply it on the cardboard and leave in the place where most gather flies.
Stir in sweetened water, a little black pepper and leave it on the windowsill for a while. After two or three days you will see how all the flies disappear. As the prevention of water you can leave for another couple of days and then remove.
Remember that flies can not tolerate the smell of tansy, castor oil, common toadflax and castor beans. Prepare a decoction toadflax and add it to the milk. The capacity with the resulting liquid put on the windowsill. Soon you will find that all the flies disappeared. In the corners of rooms, place flowers of tansy. You can use both dry and flowering plants. Flies can not stand the smell, therefore, immediately leave your home. Castor-oil plant well to put under the window in the yard or on the windowsill in the apartment.
To get rid of small flies will help you saccharin. In a few drops of honey add a bit of saccharin and mix thoroughly. In this mixture soak a small piece of paper and let it dry. With the appearance of the flies, you will only need to slightly dampen the paper and wait for the result. After a few days, all the flies will be gone. The paper does not throw, and hide until the next time.
Advice 3: How to get rid of flower flies
I'm sure many Amateur growers have noticed in the pots with houseplant small flies, which have a peculiar name of "clarity" or "fungus gnats". They use a soil mixture for laying larvae, which are subsequently irreparable harm to the plants, destroying their roots. So how do you cope with the flies in flower pots?
You will need
- - potassium permanganate;
- - Laundry soap;
- - a piece of chalk from cockroaches;
- - matches;
- - sand or ash;
- chemical drug from midges.
As you know, the main and most fundamental reason for the appearance of black flies in houseplants – excess soil moisture. To cope with this disease, remove the top layer of the substrate, try not to damage the roots of the flower and pour fresh. Then pour the ground with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Always drain excess water from the tray.
Dissolve twenty grams of grated soap in one liter of water. Pour the solution into container of sprayer and spray plants and soil affected by midges once a week. Regularly ventilate the room, you can also draw on the inside of the flower pot chalk from cockroaches, it will help to cope with the pesky gnats.
The most effective, safe and economical way to protect flowers from bugs – the use of sulfur. To treat one room with a plant pot, you'll need just four matches. You only have to stick their heads down into the soil and lightly moisten. Change the matches every two days.
Gently remove the plant from the pot and clean off the ground. Treat a pot of boiling water or soapy water, rinse with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. Thoroughly rinse the roots and plant a flower in new soil mix with drainage holes and a good layer of clay pebbles. Top soil fill with a layer of calcined sand or ash, they will create a draining effect and will not allow the soil to absorb moisture, this will prevent further development of the midges and their larvae.
Purchase in a flower shop a special drug that will help to get rid of flies in a flower pot ("Akhtar" or "Thunder-2"). Dilute this chemical according to the instruction. You are only watering this tool only in case, if the larvae of the gnats are in the soil.
Advice 4: How to treat mosquito bites
Summer, favorite time of the year most children and adults, often marred by the appearance of the hateful, the annoying and brings a lot of trouble mosquitoes. The greatest activity of these insects show in the evening. They can spoil the mood of not only your squeak, but bites that cause redness and unpleasant itching. To avoid mosquito bites is almost impossible, but quickly cure them each.
To avoid allergic reactions, very often accompanying mosquito bites, take the pill of any anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, for example, "Suprastin", "Fenistil" or "Tavegilum".
Remember that mosquito bites in no case do not RUB or scratch, even if you suffer the itching is unbearable. This can not only lead to more irritation, but also to the emergence of the inflammatory process.
If the place is a mosquito bite itches quite so unbearable, greatly push the nail to the inflamed area of the skin 2 times, put it on the cross. After 1-2 minutes the itch should disappear.
The easiest way to treat mosquito bites – is a superimposition on the itchy areas of the skin with gauze bandage moistened with a solution of baking soda (half a teaspoon in a glass of water). Instead of club soda you can also use a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, 50%-s ' solution of ammonia, camphor alcohol, or freshly squeezed lemon juice.
To reduce itching, swelling and discomfort from mosquito bites, RUB the affected areas of the skin fresh juice of plantain or attach them to a pulp from the leaves of this medicinal plant.
Attach in place of a mosquito bite a piece of onion or a cloth soaked in his juice. After a couple minutes of discomfort, such as itching and burning will disappear.
To get rid of unpleasant sensations in the field of mosquito bites, can treat them in one of the following: boric alcohol, normal toothpaste or tooth powder, tincture of calendula, tincture of propolis, oil of clove or tea tree cream, "Corvalol" , "Valokordin" or with balm "Asterisk".
Perfectly relieve inflammation and itching from mosquito bites fresh mint leaves, eucalyptus and cherry. Lightly mash them and soak the damaged area of skin for 2-3 minutes.