You will need
  • documents describing the essence of the invention
Initially, you must check the invention for inventive step, novelty and industrial applicability. This is done by searching among the already registered inventions, identification of possible analogues. Official database can be found here: If the audit reveals that the invention does not meet the required criteria, then it makes no sense to pay the legal costs and to apply, as registration will be denied.
Prepare a brief description of the invention, claims, drawings (if required) and the abstract with a full description. All of the above is a required Appendix to the application for a patent. The documents must be made in accordance with the Rules of compiling, filing and consideration of an application for a patent on the invention.
Pay the state duty for filing the application. Its size, and the size and other required fees (see further paragraphs) can be found here:
After payment of fees you can apply to the Federal Institute of industrial property (FIPS). Within two months from the date of receipt of the application provides for a formal examination for compliance with application rules. If there are inconsistencies, the applicant will be asked to remove them. After passing the formal examination, you must submit the application for substantive examination and pay the appropriate state fee.
Within 12 months from the date of notification of the petition to the substantive examination, you will be sent a decision notice or an additional request for further details and documentation of the invention. On request you must reply no later than 2 months after its receipt. After clarification of all details within two months of the decision on registration of the invention and the grant of a patent or a reasoned refusal. In the case of a positive decision, you pay the state duty for registration and issue of patent.