Drugs prescribed folic acid in preparation for pregnancy, after severe diseases, when diagnosed with anemia on the background of lack of vitamin B9, chemotherapy, after surgery on the gastrointestinal tract, dysbacteriosis. Also take folic acid should, if concerned about frequent colds, viral infections, with General weakness and constant sleepiness, after extensive intoxication of alcoholic beverages or narcotic drugs, salts of heavy metals.
The intake of vitamin B9 for prevention of these diseases and conditions are assigned in the dose of 50 mg daily morning after Breakfast for 3-4 weeks. After a ten-day break, the course of prevention, you can repeat. During the year, you can spend 6 courses, taking folic acid in the form of tablets or capsules.
If the patient takes a multivitamin, then assign the additional intake of folic acid only if a number of therapeutic indications. For example, in preparation for pregnancy dose of folic acid should be 400 mcg is equal to and acceptance in the form of a multivitamin does not make up for the required dose. In the first trimester of pregnancy need to take vitamin B9 in a dose of 300-400 mg. Lactation reduce the dose of 200 mcg, the ways of intake recommended by the physician. Usually prescribed four-week courses with a break of one week.
If the patient undergoes radiation or chemotherapy, the intake of folic acid is designated for the entire duration of therapy and additionally within three months after withdrawal of exposure.
In the gastro-intestinal diseases, after surgery, folic acid is administered as an injection, since oral administration does not result due to the fact that the drug is not absorbed by the body.
After acute poisoning, administered 400 mcg of folic acid in the form of intramuscular injections for three months.
When dysbiosis prescribe vitamin B9 in the form of injections or orally with the simultaneous application of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.
The intake of foods rich in folic acid, replenishes its supply only if you need to carry out preventive methods. A large amount of acid contained in green salads, cereals, bran, nuts, oranges, bananas, baking yeast. For therapeutic purposes to replenish vitamin B9 only products impossible.
Advice 2: How to drink folic acid during pregnancy
Folic acid, or vitamin B9, is involved in metabolic processes responsible for the formation of red blood cells and stimulates the digestive system. During pregnancy the need for it increases. Vitamin a deficiency may cause anemia, birth defects in the fetus, placental insufficiency, and sometimes even a miscarriage.
Vitamin B9 is involved in the formation of the neural tube of the fetus, and this process begins already in the third week of pregnancy. At this time the woman can even not guess about your situation, and folic acid deficiency will cause irreparable harm to the embryo. Therefore start taking vitamin C the first day of the menstrual cycle, but preferably 2-3 months before planned conception. This will allow you to compensate for the existing deficit and beneficial impact on your health. If the pregnancy is unplanned, but you decided to keep her, start taking folic acid from the first days of delay.
Three times a day drink one pill of folic acid. Up to 12 weeks of pregnancy is the minimum necessary dose of the drug. Even if you take the complex vitamins, which include folic acid, do not reduce dosage. Excess vitamin is excreted by the kidneys without any harm to the body, so you can drink it without fear.
After 12 weeks of pregnancywhen all organs and systems of the fetus are formed, the need for folic acid is reduced. Reduce the drug to one tablet a day.
If you have revealed anemia or placental insufficiency, increase the folic acid dosage to 2-3 pills a day. Drink it in the time of the meal or immediately after it.
Folic acid is absorbed in the intestines, so his work depends on the absorption of much needed vitamin. Every day, eat dairy products. They contain bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus, which improves digestion and normalizes the intestinal microflora.
In infectious diseases, toxicosis of the first trimester, the disruption of the liver, stress dosage of folic acid may be increased.
Advice 3: Folic acid: how and how much to take
Folic acid (vitamin B9) – one of the most important substances required any woman who decided to get pregnant and give birth. A lack of folic acid in the pregnant woman's body threatens to delay the development of the fetus and increases the risk of congenital malformations. If you consider that folic acid deficiency is observed in nearly 50% of the women surveyed, it is easy to understand that the expectant mother just needs to start taking folic acid even before pregnancy is planned. In this case, the above risks are accordingly reduced.
A few months prior to conception (ideally at least three), and throughout pregnancy, the future mother should take at least 400 mcg of folic acid daily (some sources indicated a higher dosage to 800 mcg is recommended to discuss this with your doctor). Given that the formation of healthy sperm, and as a consequence, the probability of conceiving a healthy baby also directly related to the content of folic acid in the male body, it is highly desirable that the man also started the prophylactic intake of this vitamin not earlier than three months prior to conception. The dosage is individual, usually at least 400 micrograms per day.
It should be emphasized: folic acid must be taken for all pregnant women, irrespective of their financial position and, accordingly, the nature of power. If the prediction of adverse pregnancy (for example, women have already a child was born with defects caused by insufficient folic acid in the mother's body), the dosage must increase (also at the prescription, up to 4 mg per day). Should not be afraid of excess folic acid in the body, because it will echo through the kidneys in a very short time (within several hours).
The mechanism of action of folic acid is that it together with the cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) stimulates the formation of red blood cells. If folic acid is present in the body in insufficient quantities, breaks down the process of normal hematopoiesis. That is, immature forms of red blood cells can't turn into a Mature. Folic acid is also used in the treatment of various types anemias, leukopenia (decrease in white cells in the blood).