Folate and folic acid belong to the group of water-soluble vitamins differ from each other in that the former are natural components found in certain foods, and the second chemical analogue of produced synthetically. In human body folic acid helps produce red blood cells and is also involved in the production of the hormones norepinephrine and serotonin. Besides, it is responsible for proper cell division and is an important component of cerebrospinal fluid.
Experts were able to prove that a deficiency in folic acid is often the cause of serious fetal malformations, such as neurasthenia neural tube, leading to the appearance of the vertebral hernia, or formation of facial deformities such as cleft lip or palate, in common called cleft lip and cleft palate. It is also known that this vitamin has the ability to accumulate in the body, so doctors recommend women planning pregnancy to start taking derivatives of folate at least 12 weeks prior to conception. And don't stop doing it and after this momentous event. However, not all experts know exactly how long should I take folic acid and whether to continue it after 12 weeks, the end of the period of active formation of bodies.
And yet, not so long ago in Australia produced a large study, which resulted in one rather unexpected conclusion. How useful folic acid at the stage of formation of the fetus, are so harmful it may be at a later stage of development. In the experiment it was found that children of women who continued folic acid supplementation between 16 and 30 weeks of gestation, at the same time with this seemingly innocuous vitamin has received an increased probability of Contracting asthma in the future. The risk of the disease compared with the control group was increased by 30%, quite an impressive figure.
From all this it can be concluded that folic acid intake is necessary and is justified only within a certain time, namely at the stage of planning of pregnancy in the first 12 weeks after conception. After this period of artificial folic acid should be abandoned, and pay attention to natural b vitamin folate contained in foods such as broccoli, oranges, bran, eggs and so on. Since folates are less stable than their synthetic counterpart, they can excess easily be disposed of by the body and is expelled before it has time to harm the future baby.
Advice 2 : How to drink folic acid during pregnancy
Folic acid, or vitamin B9, is involved in metabolic processes responsible for the formation of red blood cells and stimulates the digestive system. During pregnancy the need for it increases. Vitamin a deficiency may cause anemia, birth defects in the fetus, placental insufficiency, and sometimes even a miscarriage.
Vitamin B9 is involved in the formation of the neural tube of the fetus, and this process begins already in the third week of pregnancy. At this time the woman can even not guess about your situation, and folic acid deficiency will cause irreparable harm to the embryo. Therefore start taking vitamin C the first day of the menstrual cycle, but preferably 2-3 months before planned conception. This will allow you to compensate for the existing deficit and beneficial impact on your health. If the pregnancy is unplanned, but you decided to keep her, start taking folic acid from the first days of delay.
Three times a day drink one pill of folic acid. Up to 12 weeks of pregnancy is the minimum necessary dose of the drug. Even if you take the complex vitamins, which include folic acid, do not reduce dosage. Excess vitamin is excreted by the kidneys without any harm to the body, so you can drink it without fear.
After 12 weeks of pregnancywhen all organs and systems of the fetus are formed, the need for folic acid is reduced. Reduce the drug to one tablet a day.
If you have revealed anemia or placental insufficiency, increase the folic acid dosage to 2-3 pills a day. Drink it in the time of the meal or immediately after it.
Folic acid is absorbed in the intestines, so his work depends on the absorption of much needed vitamin. Every day, eat dairy products. They contain bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus, which improves digestion and normalizes the intestinal microflora.
In infectious diseases, toxicosis of the first trimester, the disruption of the liver, stress dosage of folic acid may be increased.
Advice 3 : How to take folic acid pregnant
Vitamin B9, or folic acid, during pregnancy is of particular importance because it involved is the formation of the nervous system and brain of the fetus and the formation of blood and of proteins containing genetic information. Therefore, for proper intrauterine development of the baby and preserve the health of future mothers need to take folic acid separately.
The dosage of folic acid for pregnant women is 600-800 micrograms, but the planned pregnancy begin taking her in advance for 2 months in a prophylactic dose is 400 mcg. With the onset of an interesting situation to continue the course for 16 weeks. If there are indications of a doctor, drink it throughout the term. In order to prevent the intake of folic acid will resume in 7-8 month.
For the period of reception of polyvitaminums for pregnant women do not take folic acid in addition. A glut of it can cause allergic reactions, dyspepsia, irritability, and sleep disturbance.
For proper absorption of folic acid, drink it simultaneously with vitamin B12. It is essential for metabolism, blood formation, and in combination with other substances – for synthesis of DNA, RNA and protein substances that contain hereditary information. The daily requirement in it is 3-5 µg.
Even with the right combination of folic acid with other vitamins absorption only possible in a healthy gut, therefore take care not only about her admission and on full suction. And for this eat right. Make your diet without the predominance of pastry, confectionery and thermally processed products. It should be more raw vegetables, fruits and greens, juice, nuts and dairy products. For normal tone of the intestine 30 minutes before a meal drink a glass of water.
The break time of folic acid intake for pregnant women should include in your diet as many foods with its contents. Is brewer's yeast, kidney, liver, eggs, cauliflower, green onions, spinach, carrots, cucumbers, dill, asparagus. For preservation of vitamins it is better to use them raw (except meat).