Advice 2 : Why the need for folic acid during pregnancy
Most often folic acid deficiency is imperceptible, but after some time, a sick person loses appetite, it increases fatigue, loss of hair and sores appear on the oral mucosa. From lack of folic acid affects many organs and systems, and a serious deficiency can even lead to death.
Folic acid, also called vitamin B9, in small quantities can be produced by intestinal microflora, but not enough to cover the needs of the organism in this vitamin. It is therefore important to provide a sufficient amount of folic acid, which enters the human body along with food.
During pregnancy a woman needs greater amounts of folic acid than before. The fact is that vitamin B9 plays an important role in the formation of the placenta, causing its deficiency can cause placental insufficiency and even premature termination of pregnancy. Vitamins B9 and B12 is vital for cell division and therefore folic acid is especially nujna the time of the birth and growth of the embryo. Moreover this vitamin takes part in hematopoiesis and the formation of nucleic acids, which are responsible for the accurate transmission of hereditary characteristics.
Folic acid is especially important for the formation of the neural tube of the child. Deficiency of this vitamin consistently leads to severe malformations, such as hydrocephalus, cerebral hernia, congenital deformities, absence of the brain, delays physical and mental development, birth of a dead child. The lack of such a useful vitamin affects the health of the pregnant woman, as she is suffering from toxemia, anemia, depression, pain in the legs.
Laying the foundations for physical and psychological health of the child is still in the early stages of pregnancy, so folic acid must be ingested in sufficient quantity throughout the pregnancy.
The best source of vitamin B9 are plants with green leaves, such as parsley, lettuce, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli. It is also found in avocado, citrus fruits, melons, beans, apricots. In winter, the lack of this vitamin is especially likely, as in eat too many fresh vegetables. As animal sources is best to choose a liver, fish, cheese and meat.
Advice 3 : How to drink folic acid during pregnancy
Advice 4 : How to take folic acid pregnant
Advice 5 : What harm does folic acid
Why the need for folic acid to the human body
Folic acid or vitamin B9 is necessary for the body, as involved in the hematopoietic function of the body, ensures the health and growth of hair, regeneration of skin cells, the ability of the nervous system to counteract the stresses. It is also important for good brain functioning, improves cardiovascular system, stomach and liver, improves appetite and digestion. Conducted in different countries studies have concluded that vitamin B9 reduces the risk of occurrence and development of ovarian cancer and breast.
For women of childbearing age the average daily dose of vitamin B9 is of the order of 400-500 µg.
Especially folic acid is essential for future mothers because its deficiency can cause serious developmental defects in the fetus. It is, first and foremost, congenital heart disease and malnutrition and defects of large arteries. B9 deficiency doctors attributed these malformations of physical and mental development, as cleft palate and down syndrome.
Because in the body there is a deficiency of folic acid, it must come together with food, but modern technologies of their cultivation and production are not allow to speak about a sufficient quantity of folic acid. Plants simply do not have time to accumulate it in the fruit and leaves, and subsequent storage and heat treatment, more than half of it is lost. Therefore, women have to take vitamin complexes and supplements B9.
Folic acid is found in wheat and it sprouted grains, bran, lentils, soy beans, and poultry meat, liver, egg yolks, nuts, cauliflower, broccoli, spinach and asparagus.
The risk of overdose of folic acid
As the lack and excess of vitamin B9 in the process of gestation can cause serious illnesses of the child after birth. Scientists from the us National Institute of environmental health has conducted extensive research, which was attended by about 2,000 mothers with children. It turned out that increased levels of vitamin B9 in the blood plasma in the period of gestation is a factor that triggered a tendency to asthmatic manifestations in children. These manifestations met these kids in 2 times more often than those whose moms did not consume uncontrollably preparations containing folic acid. The harm it has been proven and in cases when children under the age of one and a half years, whose mothers during pregnancy used folic supplements, was marked by an increased susceptibility to acute respiratory diseases.
Advice 6 : Folic acid during pregnancy
The value of folic acid during pregnancy
Good for fetal development and for growth folic acid in the body must be contained in sufficient quantities. Thanks to the numerous scientific researches in this area proved that folic acid has beneficial effects on the body, not giving rise to defects in neural tube development, and many other vices.
To synthesize this substance your own body is not capable of. This vitamin in small quantities produced bacteria of the microflora of the colon, but the daily need for vitamin, these quantities do not cover. A lot of folic acid contained in yeast; liver of birds and animals; sunflower seeds; herbs – parsley, Basil, rosemary; soy beans; green cabbage and spinach, asparagus, peanuts, beans. In some countries even have laws that require you to definitely enrich this vitamin bread products.
What you need to take medication folic acid
Despite the content of folic acid in food products, women who are pregnant or planning pregnancy, be sure to take medication with its contents. For regular use there are a number of reasons. First, it is proved the role of this vitamin in the prevention of various pathologies during fetal development. Secondly, cooking destroys part of vitamin a in our diet and so not very many products that contains folic acid. If you compare the medication, folic acid is of natural origin available less. No matter how fully was the food, it does not cover the body's need for this vitamin.
For pregnant women the recommended intake of folic acid – 0.4 mg per day. Modern drugs are usually calculated on a one-time admission during the day and in part contain just such a volume. Sometimes your doctor may find it necessary to increase the dosage of the drug.
Those women who are planning pregnancy need to start taking the vitamin in a daily dose of 0.4 mg/day. The drug must continue at the background of pregnancy. If at the planning stage of pregnancy supplementation was conducted, in the case of its occurrence start to drink vitamins be as early as possible. It is not difficult, and the benefits will be huge.
Advice 7 : To what period of pregnancy can not drink folic acid
Advice 8 : Do I have to drink folic acid during pregnancy
Advice 9 : Why pregnant women to drink folic acid
Folic acid is of great importance when planning a pregnancy. She not only participates in the formation of healthy organs of the future child, but also contributes to the successful conception of a child, it is important for couples planning pregnancy in advance.
What is folic acid
Folic acid is a water soluble b – vitamin that does not accumulate and is not synthesized spontaneously in the body, requiring constant replenishment from the outside. The replenishment of folic acid occurs in food, but not always in the diet of women and men is present a sufficient quantity of food containing the necessary amount of vitamin.
Deficiency of substances in the body is disturbed the psycho-emotional background of a person, deterioration of the brain that develop anemia. Folic acid participates in the formation of DNA and RNA unborn child. It affects the healthy formation of genetic material, normal development of cells and tissues of the fetus, the formation of a healthy Central nervous system. That is why doctors prescribe expectant mothers daily intake of folic acid in early pregnancy when there most important processes for the laying of internal organs and the formation of the nervous system.
Why take folic acid when planning pregnancy
Preparing for long-awaited pregnancy is a responsible and important job, which involved both parents. Both women and men interested in healthy and successful conception of a baby should monitor their diet and, if necessary, to take additional vitamins to compensate for a deficiency of folic acid in the body. This reduces the risk of various diseases in the unborn child, and strengthens the health of the parents, to reduce the risk of serious defects and malformations in the first month of pregnancy. If you start to drink vitamins in the first trimester and before pregnancy, the chances of having a healthy baby significantly increase.
Folic acid is also included in the treatment plan for women suffering from infertility or reproductive disorders.
Men are recommended to drink vitamins containing folic acid to improve sperm quality. If you have any problems conceiving before pregnancy there is a risk that a man can't conceive a child due to the presence of defective sperm. In combination with vitamin e, folic acid improves the creation of semen, greatly increasing the likelihood of conception and increases sperm activity.
Conscious pregnancy – the guarantee of a successful conception and healthy development of the fetus in the future. Best of all, if preparing for a long-awaited pregnancy will start 2-3 months before the expected date of conception. Future parents will be able to pass all the necessary tests, start to drink vitamins, and to refuse alcoholic beverages and tobacco. Nicotine destroys folic acid entering the body, so before pregnancy all men and women are advised to quit Smoking.
How to take folic acid
If the food in the body do not receive sufficient amounts of nutrients, the doctor prescribes additional vitamins. During pregnancy it is important to follow a doctor's prescription and taking any vitamins, as it directly affects the health of the future baby.
The dosage of folic acid before pregnancy and during expectation of the kid should be 0.8 mg per day. If necessary, the doctor increases the dosage to 4 mg per day if the risk of any defects in the fetus increases. The instruction to the drug notes that a daily intake of folic acid for adults is 200 micrograms. During pregnancy and lactation this rate doubles. It is very important that the dosage is not exceeded as hypervitaminosis may be dangerous to the health of expectant mothers.
What foods contain folic acid
Pregnancy preparation should include correction of the diet. It is necessary that the power women and men was balanced. The diet should include the following products:
- Egg yolks
- Lamb and pork
- Spinach, parsley, green salad
To ensure that the products retain their nutritional value, it is recommended to eat them raw, without heat treatment.