"Oxytocin" is used for the purpose of induction of labor and labor induction in post-term pregnancy (longer than 42 weeks) in the later period in the case of urgent delivery in preeclampsia, with intrauterine growth retardation, with RH conflict, uterine inertia (primary or secondary), in the case of fetal death, premature rupture of fetal membranes, or discharge of amniotic fluid. The drug is also used for the treatment and prevention of hypotonic hemorrhage, which can develop after an abortion, childbirth, cesarean section. "Oxytocin" can be assigned in case of incomplete or failed abortion as an additional method of therapy.
"Oxytocin" inject intramuscularly or intravenously. Intravenous drug use to enhance labor, stimulation of labor induction, labor. The dosage needs to pick up the doctor. Standard single rate is 5 med. With the introduction of the drug should control the uterine tone, length and strength of her contractions and the fetal heartbeat. If signs of fetal distress or hyperactivity of the uterus should stop the introduction of tools and perform oxygen therapy.
In order to treat and prevent hypotonic bleeding in the postpartum period "Oxytocin" assign intramuscularly in a dose of 5 IU/ml. the Shots you make after the separation of the placenta. In the case of failed or incomplete abortion the drug is administered intravenously, that is 10 IU/ml is added to 500 ml of saline or a mixture of glucose 5% with saline. Side effects of the drug include: subarachnoid hemorrhage, bradycardia, reflex tachycardia, hypotension, severe hypertension, arrythmia, shock, spasm, increased bleeding, uterine rupture, hypertension, uterus, dyspepsia, bronchospasm, allergic reactions.
"Oxytocin" cannot be applied with existing contraindications for vaginal birth (prolapse or presentation of umbilical cord, partial or complete placenta previa, too narrow pelvis), in emergency situations requiring surgery, with hypertonicity of the uterus, developing during childbirth, when distress long before the terminal pregnancy with transverse or oblique position of the fetus, preventing an independent childbirth, severe preeclampsia, excessive stretching of the uterus, increased blood pressure, facial presentation, the squeezing of the fetus, violations of function of kidneys, heart disease, hypersensitivity to oxytocin.