Seedbed preparation seed
Pea seeds need to prepare before planting. First, loop through them: separate healthy seeds from damaged by weevil. In a separate pile highlight non-standard seeds. Soaking the peas is traditionally performed in two ways. First: put the seeds that you soon plan to plant on a saucer. Now pour in water at room temperature so that seeds are completely disappeared. Perform soaking for 12 hours. And the water in the saucer change for fresh every 2 hours, so seeds will not rot and is not covered with mold.
Second: the warming of the seed peas at a temperature of 45℃. To do this, place the seeds in a thermos with hot water for 3 hours. And after dry. While soaking pea seeds soaked in water, swell and increase in size. Such seeds germinate in 2-3 days before. Despite the fact that the total period of germination of peas: 7-10 days.
The average time for soaking the peas: from 6 to 10 hours. If you overdo the seeds in water until the moment when it will be bubbles - it means that some of the seeds were killed. It is therefore important to strike a balance. Very popular, soak the seeds overnight. Then the next morning you schedule the planting.
Special preparations for soaking the seeds
Many growers prefer to soak the peas and other seeds in special preparations containing biologically active substances. For example, the EPIN is a substance of plant origin, which is an adaptogen and a stimulant. The drug helps to adapt to various changes of temperature, humidity, illumination. It also improves resistance to negative influences. Soak pea seeds in Epinay from 5 to 7 hours.
HUMATE is the potassium salt of humic acid. The drug also has a stimulating and anti-stress action. It is believed that humates produced from peat, have greater activity. Soak pea seeds in the HUMATE solution: this will speed up their germination.
Useful to treat pea seeds with the bacterial fertilizer nitragin, rizotorfina (0.5 to 1.6 g/kg of seeds). Also when soaking, use the trace elements (zinc, cobalt, molybdenum). For example, put pea seeds in a hot solution with micronutrients (boric acid, ammonium molybdate). Ratio: 2 grams in 10 ml of water. Keep the peas in this mixture should not exceed 5 minutes.
Advice 2: Which seeds are soaked before planting
The seeds of some flowers and vegetables have a rather thick shell, so germinate with difficulty. To achieve a good amicable shoots, it is necessary before sowing, soak them in water or biologically active solution.
You will need
- - container for soaking;
- - gauze;
- - water.
It is not necessary to soak only a very small seed, as it may present some technical difficulties: seeds of Petunia, poppy, strawberry can be sown directly into the soil. For best germination they spread out over the surface, compacted soil with the palms and sprayed from a spray. Then the crops covered with foil, put in a warm place and wait for germination.
The seeds of crops having a dense shell, it is necessary to soak. Such plants include beets, spinach, watermelons, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and plants whose seeds are rich in essential oils that hinder germination. It's carrots, celery, parsley, parsnips and others. When soaking the part of essential oils is washed from the membrane and plants germinate better. Soaking is also used if we need to spread the old dried seed – in this case, you can expect good indicators of germination.
The process is quite simple: damp cheesecloth laid out the seeds, cover the top with a second layer of cheesecloth and pour water (30-35oC). In addition, it is possible to use biologically active extracts. The solution should be weak, so as not to damage the seeds. You can use water infusion of chamomile, Valerian, infusion of oak bark, fermented mullein, aloe (0.5 l of water is necessary to take 20 g of active substance)
It is better to use a combined method: first, for 15-30 minutes, soak the seeds in weak beerstore, then for a day in the water. After that, the water to drain, and sprinkle the seeds on a flat surface to dry to flowability. Before sowing the seeds mixed with fine river sand. In this case, the crops will turn out uniform, will not require thinning (this method is recommended for relatively small seeds of carrots, fennel, beets).
For some crops, susceptible to viral diseases (tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers), it is desirable to apply the heating and etching. To do this before soaking the seeds are immersed in hot water for 15-20 minutes and then dipped in dark pink solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes. After this time, the seeds should be rinsed in running water and soak in the usual way in water.
An important factor is the condition of the soil when sowing. Furrows before sowing seeds necessarily need to shed water to create a favorable microclimate. Subsequently, to the emergence you need to do it daily if it is dry weather.
If late sowing to make up for lost time and proper agricultural seed soaking, because this procedure reduces the time of germination in 7-10 days, which for the short Russian summer, a very significant indicator.
Do not plant seeds in cold soil. Each culture has a specific time period, when the crops will yield the greatest harvest.