The soil for peas should be prepared. Dig the ground at 20-30 cm depth, add fertilizer of 5 kg of humus or compost for every m2 of land. In the spring add ash. Before planting peas it is recommended to apply rotted manure, fresh provoke the growth of the greens to the detriment of the fruit. Well, the peas will grow from the soil, which previously harvested crops of potato, tomato, pumpkin or cabbage. To plant peas again in the old place not earlier than in 3-4 years.
Pea loves the sun, prefer Sunny places. Avoid areas with close groundwater - the roots grow into the soil at 0.5-1 meter.
Pea seeds soak in water in a saucer, cover with wet gauze. Soak them for about a 12-18 hours, change water every 4 hours. It is permissible to add a growth stimulant for 2-3 hours, you can warm up the peas 5 minutes in warm water with micronutrients.
Visivite swollen seeds in moistened soil. That peas grew constantly, put him in several stages with an interval in 2 weeks. Make the beds with the distance between them is 20 cm between holes 5-6 cm, depth should not exceed 4 cm.
Water the peas at least once a week until it blooms. In the flowering period this should be done twice a week. Between the rows the soil should be loose, not formed a crust and the roots to "breathe." Tall varieties of peas pitch prop in the form of a grid or wire mesh with a height of 2 m.
A month after the start of flowering will have the first harvest. Peas will bloom all summer if you planted it at equal intervals. During the season of vegetable pea yields up to 4 kg per 1 m2. Tops, chopped and moistened, is laid in compost, and the land with roots perekidyvaetsya. This fertilizer replaces manure and compost in the next year, naturally improving soil fertility.
Advice 2: How to grow peas
Peas – an annual plant. It belongs to plants long-day and cold-resistant crops. If you're going to grow peas on your site, you should know which agricultural practices need to use to get strong healthy plants with lots of pods.
You will need
- The seeds of the zoned grades of peas, a support for the stems, grids from birds, a garden tool.
Select the place where you plan to plant peas. The best precursors for legumes and pumpkin are solanaceous crops (tomato, pepper, eggplant, physalis, pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber).
Dig the soil well before sowing liberally pour. The pea prefers a neutral soil acidity. If the soil is acidic, pre-izvestuya her. If the soil is sandy or clay, you need to make humus. Make the peaks of the grooves 25, see
Choose released varieties of peas for your area. Loop before sowing the seeds. Discard broken or damaged. If the ground is very dry, pre-soak the seeds.
Wisata peas in the second decade of April using 10 cm apart to a depth of 2.5 – 5 cm. Firmly push the seeds to the soil. Peas rises worse, if the seeds are poorly embedded in the ground. Stretch chicken wire or other material to protect the seedlings from birds.
When you see the sprouts carefully proryhlit soil. Remove the weeds. Water copiously once a week. Remember that peas like water but does not tolerate waterlogged soil.
Tie the peas when the stalks reach a height of 7 – 10 cm you Can use twine or install special supports for climbing plants. Feed plants during flowering if the soil were not dressed with fertilizer in the spring.
Start picking the pods a month after the beginning of flowering peas. The first ripe pods in the lower part of the stem. Their regular breaks contributes to the formation of new pods on the stem.
Peas badly damaged by pea weevil. If in previous years, pest control was not carried out, treat the plants with insecticide one week after flowering.
If you follow the soil moisture is not constantly possible, over mulch the crops with peat or straw.