According to scientists, the fertility of men and women is not the one that was 15-20 years ago. Today, many couples are unable to conceive and have a baby for many reasons. And if before to birth children to prepare was not accepted, but today a couple before conception is recommended to pass a series of tests that will help to identify and cure all potential diseases before pregnancy and to prevent unwanted complications.
Men and women need to visit a therapist, do an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, abdominal cavity and thyroid. Women to do breast ultrasound. You should definitely consult a dentist, as many infections can disrupt the normal course of pregnancy and enter the body from affected by dental caries. The couple should take the analysis of blood and urine.
The women need to come on reception to the gynecologist and to pass all the necessary tests: PAP for microflora and STI to do a colposcopy. And you, and your husband will determine the blood group and RH factor. If a blood test for antibodies to the RH factor will give a positive result, pregnancy will have to wait and correct the condition. If the result is negative, pregnancy can be planned, but in the future you and your husband will need to take this analysis as the analysis of antibodies in the group once a month starting from the 8th week of pregnancy.
TORCH-complex will allow to identify antibodies to toxoplasmosis, rubella, herpes, chlamydia and cytomegalovirus. Depending on its outcome will raise the issue about planning for pregnancy or correcting the condition. To get an idea about the work of the ovaries, the woman will need to make the schedule of basal temperature. If the doctor detects some abnormalities, he may appoint a blood test for hormones. Using gemostaziogramma and coagulation is determined by blood clotting. The innate and the source of violation of the coagulation system are adjusted in advance.
At the planning stage is determined by the lupus anticoagulant, antibodies to chorionic gonadotropin and of antibodies to phospholipids. This survey will help to identify factors for early pregnancy loss. You and your husband need to donate blood for the study of chromosomal set. As a result you can obtain data about the probability of birth you have an unhealthy child due to an imbalance in the chromosomes.
The man need to undergo a semen analysis. She will evaluate the sperm quality, quantity and mobility of sperm, and will also show the presence of latent inflammatory processes. Also partner as a woman, you need to be checked for STIs.