When the first bouts of pain lie down in bed and observe complete rest, do not make sudden movements and do not lean. In case of danger stenokardicheskie attack, take prescribed heart medication.
Adopt a vasodilator and antispasmodic drug to speed up the process of moving the stone from the duct into the common bile duct, or slip into the gallbladder. The duration of the attack depends on the size and number of stones, it can last a few days and a few hours. Extension duct removal of spasms reduces the duration of the attack.
Heat promotes vasodilation, so take a hot water bottle, fill it with hot water (approximately 50-60oC) and attach to the legs.
If possible, take a hot bath: water temperature – 37-39оС, the duration of immersion is not more than 10-15 minutes.
Heat ordinary drinking water and drink 0.5 l during bathing. Drink plenty of liquids to prevent nausea and urge to vomit, so during an attack take at least 1.5 liters of warm water.
Sometimes an attack causes chills. In this case, warm and well, take cover, wear wool socks.
Make a hot compress on right side, it improves blood circulation, strengthens blood flow to the affected area. Take a piece of linen or cotton cloth, fold it in several layers, dip it in the water (40-42оС), wring out and put to the side. Top cover compress the following layers, each of which should be slightly larger than the previous one: any waterproof fabric, plastic film, rubber sheet, wax paper, a thick layer of cotton wool or folded several times a shawl made of pure wool. Secure the compress on the side of a wide bandage, but do not tighten tight, otherwise it will hinder the blood circulation. The compress needs to be airtight and watertight, only then his action will be effective. Remove the compress when you feel that it has started to cool.
Advice 2 : How to cope with bouts of gallstone disease
The main cause of stone formation in the gall bladder is a violation of exchange cholesterol, bilirubin and bile acids, and inflammation of the gallbladder in the stagnation of bile in it. The factors triggering the occurrence of the disease, tend to be overeating, a sedentary lifestyle, improper and irregular meals, obesity. More often this disease affects women. Recognized the results of abdominal ultrasonography, cholangiography, holetsistografii.
You will need
- - but-Spa, drotaverine, papaverine;
The appearance of the attackobraznic, severe pain in the right hypochondrium is necessary to correctly assess the situation – how this condition threatens the health. If the pain continues for 40-60 minutes, call an ambulance without hesitation, or if not it is a weakness, try to get to the medical institution on their own.
Before the arrival of the physician, no pain medication do not take, but if the symptoms of the seizures are well known to you - take 1 to 2 tablets but-shpy (or its substitute – drotaverine); if not, you can take 1-2 tablets papaverine. No other painkillers are not recommended to take may change the symptoms of the disease. In health companies cropped bouts of antispasmodics in the resort to injections or novocaine blockade.
Rest. It is necessary to refuse meals at least a day without harm to the body you can starve two days, but on the condition that it is not have diabetes. Diabetchikam required constant medical supervision. During fasting you can take a little clean water.
On the right hypochondrium, apply a cold compress, a piece of frozen meat, wrapped in a towel, or a hot water bottle with ice wrapped in a towel, 1-1.5 hours.
If the doctor was not summoned, take control of body temperature twice a day, morning and evening. The temperature increase indicates the development of dangerous complications and one should immediately consult a doctor.
Subsidence of pain does not always mean reduction of the inflammatory process. Only the absence of pain for 48-72 hours may indicate a relief of an attack of gallstones. In addition, supervision is necessary in the following days, with urine and blood eyes. In the case of severe darkening of urine and jaundice of the sclera of the eye, it is necessary to contact a health facility for examination of the biliary tract. Find them stones at any time may require active treatment action.
Frequent attacks definitely require surgery. Treatment of gallstone disease, most often is cholecystectomy – removal of the gallbladder stones.
After cupping gallstones is recommended strict adherence to a diet that excludes the intake of fatty, spicy, fried foods, canned, smoked, spices, alcohol, carbonated beverages. It is recommended to drink alkaline mineral water, herbal medicine.