Advice 1: How to make a snorkel on the UAZ

Self-made snorkels from aluminum pipe, rubber parts and corrugation have a simple production technology in the home. Looks durable enough for use in heavy terrain.
How to make a snorkel on the UAZ
You will need
  • - aluminum or plastic pipe;
  • rubber corners;
  • - corrugations;
  • - fasteners.
Instruction
1
Rubber parts take from the engine ZMZ-406. They are suitable for pipes with a diameter of 70 mm and 75 mm. Convolute either use the motor or from the AZLK-2141. The last option is preferable because it has greater stiffness and a smaller number of folds (reduced air resistance). The diameter of the openings is suitable for pipes with a diameter of 75-80 mm. take the aluminum Pipe with a diameter of 70 or 75 mm with a wall thickness of 3 mm. an Attractive option with polyethylene pipes: they are quite soft and do not break when hitting branches and trees.
2
Snorkel make two pipes: horizontal and vertical. Aluminum pipe is easier to take and bend to the desired angle. Plastic pipes connect the rubber corners. The horizontal part of the snorkel attach to the wing Oise using two simple curved brackets and clamps. The brackets are made of aluminum strips, 2 mm thick.
3
The vertical part of the snorkel from the bottom, secure the three screws of the windshield, the top two bolts behind the welded area. Mount the drain do not use – unreliable. And the area can use as bracket aerial the radio. Internal (engine compartment) horizontal pipe dock with the air filter by means of corrugation. To ensure the tightness of digested the entrance of the air filter. The recommended length of pipes: vertical 95 cm, both horizontal (internal and external) 45 cm
4
To install the snorkel make a hole in the wall of the engine compartment to the left of the battery. Print the inner tube through this hole and rubber dock area with exterior horizontal pipe. Carefully seal all joints of pipes, connection of the snorkel to the air filter and place the outlet pipe from the engine compartment, but it will get water into the cabin. The hole itself reinforce the welded steel strip of 1.5 mm with a minimum width of 20 mm, coiled ring.

Advice 2: How to make the most tuning UAZ

Tuning UAZ there are two pitfalls. The first is the process of tuning UAZ is so fascinating that it almost never fails to finish. Therefore, it is best to carry out the tuning in stages. Second caveat – the UAZ, like any SUV, it is very sensitive to eretailing. This negatively affects the terrain increases the loading of the suspension. So avoid unnecessary details. All work on the tuning, start with the most basic and important operations.
How to make the most tuning UAZ
Instruction
1
Replace the wheels. This is the first and most important step in the increased permeability of the Oise. To do this, select the tire with the outer diameter 31, 33 or 35 inches. Wheels to do this, replace the 15-inch. They are cheaper and more prevalent in the market. The model and the tread pattern define depending on the purpose of tuning. Select the universal or the category of all terrain tires. In most cases, the price of pleasure will be up to 18000 p for the wheel Assembly.
2
The second stage tuning smoothly follows from the first. To new wheels did not touch the arches on turns and bumps, guide the Elevator body. To do this, place additional spacers between the frame and the wheel and the arch trim. Everything else, the body lift will also improve the permeability of the Oise. The cost of this stage depends on the level of littuania and most likely will not exceed 15000 p
3
For holding suspension tuning, install an additional leaf spring and replace the shock absorbers on the more energy-intensive and long stroke. In some cases you will need to install two shock absorbers per wheel. At this stage, get ready to spend about 10,000 p.
4
Standard bridges of the Oise is either civilian or military (with reducers) or axles of the "Spicer". They all require additional equipment devices for differential locks. These devices can be either enforces or self-locking. If you have no skills and experience with locking differentials, limited slip select option. The average cost of installing the locks would amount to about 20,000 R for the bridge.
5
On older or budget models UAZ install disc brakes. They are less worn out during the dirt, more safely tolerate the fording, extend the track of the SUV (increasing resistance). It costs 15000 p
6
To overcome the grave fords and mud baths, seal the neck of the lubrication system, makesup on the crankcase of the engine and ventilation system transmission, transfer case, axles. Install the upper intake – the snorkel. All water-sensitive electrical details set as high as possible. High-voltage wires deliver high quality. The cost of this phase will be from 5000 rubles and above.
7
Install a more powerful bumper. They may be just a thick tube or a specially purchased option, and the bumper of his own design. Take care of censuring, videotraining (ropes-wires), the thresholds, additional roof rack. Protect important parts of the vehicle floor. Floor plate easy-to-clean aluminum panels. The cost of the work in the most cost-effective option will be 10,000 R.
8
For the final preparation to overcome the lack of roads get a winch and a Jack of the type "hi-Jack". Install kit auxiliary lights on the roof, the high-performance compressor to adjust tire pressure. With all this, there is a need for two batteries and a more powerful generator. A complete set of such additional equipment will cost 15-50 thousand.
9
To improve comfort in the cabin of UAZ is possible by installing hinged Windows or electric Windows (it is more difficult and more expensive) as well as tie-hunting of the hatch. Install instead of military seats soft comfortable chairs. Use a steering damper will solve the problem of yaw on the road, and the use of Gura – the issue of heavy steering (especially when installing large and heavy wheels). The steering wheel replace the soft imported model is heated. Installation of pre-heater like a Webasto, which solves the problem of starting the engine in cold weather. For longer trips, provide system navigation and communication, for hunting – stands and mounts for weapons. The cost of this phase is determined only by the owner of the Oise.
Useful advice
1.The first three steps seriously increase ground clearance, the height and center of gravity of the car. And this increases the possibility of overturning on roads and on a good road. Therefore, strive not with a facelift without the need for it.

Advice 3: How to make a simple radio

Walkie talkie has many. Buy them in the store is not a problem, but their work very often interfere with ground obstacles, wires and metal objects. But you can collect stationary radio low power with increased range. She can stand at home or at the cottage, and a good antenna will increase the range of 5-10 km in all conditions.
How to make a simple radio
You will need
  • - parts from an old tube radio or TV;
  • - soldering iron;
  • accessories for soldering;
  • - aluminium sheet.
Instruction
1
Make of aluminium sheet chassis, U-shaped according to the dimensions of your existing parts. Provide its vertical front panel from aluminium. It will be possible to place the controls. The power supply is take from the radio, television, gramophone, etc. Must be given a constant anode voltage 150-250V, and the filament voltage of 6.3 V.
Assemble the transceiver circuit
2
Collect the radio for the transceiver circuit, as shown in the figure. Coil loop transceiver is copper wire with a diameter of 1 mm. Wire take naked, and even better - silvered. For the range of 27-30 MHz it is wound on the rod 12 mm in diameter, and contains 4 turns with a tap in the middle.
3
Coil connection antenna contains 1 to 2 turns of the same wire and is on top of the coil circuit. Chokes DR1, Др2 and Др3 wrap the resistance of VS-0,25 resistance not lower than 1 mω. They contain 0.5 m of wire PEL-0,15.
4
The condenser settings With you can take the ceramic 4-15 pF (trimmer), but it's better if it will be with an air dielectric with one movable and two fixed plates. If you are going to work only on one particular channel, the tuning knob to supply is not required.
5
TP1 transformer (audio transformer TVZ or similar output tube) take the tube from the receiver or TV. High resistance winding of the same transformer used as a choke Др6. If you want to use low-resistance headphones, turn them in nizkoomnyj winding of the transformer. The following diagram shows the inclusion of high impedance phones.
6
Microphone use coal. For example, from the telephone. The switch "Reception - Transmission" approach, the app switches. They can be replaced by any other 3 of the contact group and 2 positions.
7
Configure the radio. Do the setting in reception mode. The variable resistor R3 until multi-stable noise at all positions of the capacitor settings. If you cannot achieve this, pick up the capacitance of the capacitor C3 in the range from 100 to 1000 pF. The setting range is carried out by the condenser, as well as pinching and spreading the coils of the loop coil. When the frequency settings carrier signal multi noise in the phones must be completely turned off. When you switch on the transmission to control the radio needs to be clearly heard the sound from the microphone.
8
The position of the coil connection antenna pick up so that the power PI of the transmission was maximum, and the reception is stable. As a control receiver and transmitter, you can use a pre-configured pocket radio.
Note
Keep in mind that the radio is designed for amplitude modulation and in conjunction with the FM radio will not work.

The diagram shows the connection of dipole antenna. But you can connect and pin. For this purpose one end of the coil connects to the chassis, and the connection to the antenna is through a coaxial cable (e.g., RK-1).

In the scheme used lamp 6Ф1П. But it is possible to collect a radio and a double triode (for example, 6Н1П or 6Н3П). The chain C6-R6 from the circuit is excluded. You can collect the radio and on two separate lamps, used as a triode half of the lamp 6Н7 or 6Н8, and as pentod - 6Ж4 or 6Ж8.
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