Quality natural butter is fixed according to GOST: it is the highest or first grade. Checks such product quality as taste and smell, consistency, color and appearance, quality of packaging. Depending on these indicators, the oil is assigned a grade: product, scored 13-20 points dvadtsatiletnej scale, is considered the highest grade. For the assessment of 6-12 points oil gets labeled first grade.
Unfortunately, to carry out a real examination of butter only in laboratory conditions than are unscrupulous manufacturers that put the markings at their discretion. Be careful when buying oil. Pay attention to its price. Natural butter is noticeably different in price from their peers, a composition which contains vegetable or dairy fats. By the way, skim or diet butter doesn't happen. If it is less than 60% fat, it is a fake.
To verify the quality of purchased butter only at home. There are several ways of testing the milk product. Put the butter in the night in the freezer. In the morning try to cut frozen butter. Natural product it will flake pieces, with the cut surface will remain solid, with no dark or light streaks.
Let's see how the product behaves when heated. Spoon a small piece of butter and hold it over the gas stove. The butter will boil the oil with impurities or margarine boiling and foaming.
Take a glass jar and fill it with boiling water. Dissolve it in some butter. If milk fat is dissolved and evenly mixed with water, the product containing impurities or vegetable fats, will leave a noticeable sediment at the bottom of the jar.
The main criterion in assessing the quality of the oil must be the taste. A natural product may not contain impurities of taste to be too bitter or salty taste. If oil has an unpleasant color, taste or smell, like a fishy flavor, don't use it in food.
Advice 2 : How to identify real butter
Creamy oil is a natural source of fat and vitamin A needed by human body. That is why consumers need to be sure the purchased product. How to distinguish it from a fake?
Butter oil is a product made exclusively from cow's milk or its components. Milk fat it certainly is 50-85%. Sometimes oil contains salt. So just consider the packaging, which describes the composition of the product. If there are coconut, palm, peanut oil or other vegetable oils, and dairy fat substitutes, that is margarine.
Learn to recognize the appearance of this food product. Sometimes the butter is "sweet cream", which is made only on the basis of pasteurized cream. Still have the "sour cream": made from the same cream subjected to pasteurization, with the addition of lactic acid microorganisms.
Understand that consumer packaging of butter should contain the name. For example, "oil tea", "butter sandwich", "oil country", "oil Amateur", "oil cream". Please note, when on the wrapper is written only "OIL" in large letters. The bottom will be assigned, usually in a small font "sandwich product" or "spreads". Such oil is not present, but a mixture of animal and vegetable fat.
Consider the cost of supplies. Natural butter oil can not be cheap. To get 1 kg of finished product, the production of butter involves the processing of at least 20 liters of milk. When you consider the purchase price of 1 liter of milk in bulk and the fact that he simultaneously doing other products, the retail price of a kilo of good oil will be approximately as 10 packs of the cheapest retail milk.
Not always large letters GOST are evidence of real butter because the Margarines and spreads, too, are Guests. Remember the numbers must come after letters GOST - R 52969-2008.
If the oil is already bought, you can check out his "homemade" ways. The oil should be smooth. If it is constantly in the heat, and on its surface there were droplets of water, it is not oil. Dissolve the piece in warm water. Now the oil will be stirred evenly, and will not be divided into separate elements. The color of the oil should not be too yellow or completely white. Smell product butter oil does not need to smell like.
True butter should be firm to the touch. It does not stick to the packaging.
In accordance with the requirements of the law on consumer protection, each product label should contain information on the composition and batch number of the product.
Advice 3 : How to choose butter: the best brands
Butter – tasty and nutritious food product, which unfortunately, in recent years, increasingly exposed to fraud as the most popular and purchased in Russia. The composition and the rate of certain ingredients in the butter is determined according to the adopted in our country the Federal law №88-FZ.
Quality criteria of the product
According to the accepted June 12, 2008 law entitled "Technical regulations for milk and milk products", butter is defined as a product made from cow's milk. Mass fraction of fat in it should be 50-85%.
Quality oil is also not allowed to include fat non-dairy origin.
Unfortunately, the cost of butter is not always a guarantee of its quality and compliance with the above mentioned rules of the Federal law.
In Russian stores you can buy this product for 90 rubles, but it's pretty easy to "stumble" and counterfeit at the price of 150 rubles and more.
Modern TV and on the Internet a lot of different studies that reveal high-quality and low-quality products on the shelves of Russian supermarkets. One of them is deemed to be the most authoritative, last year was held by the specialists of the St. Petersburg public organisation of consumers "Public control".
The results of laboratory tests, the experts took to the course with the relevant rules of following a good brand of butter:
"Farm" from OOO "Mitra" with a share of the fat content of 82.5%. The cost of this product is quite reasonable – only 50-60 rubles per pack weighing in at 180 grams.
Oil "Madam" of JSC "Gatchina milk plant" with a fat content of 82.5%. Its price is about 100 for a weight of 200 grams.
Sweet butter with the same fraction of fat of JSC "Rosehkspoprom" and is priced at 90-95 rubles per pack product weight 180 grams.
Oil "Kalevala" from the manufacturer OOO "TF "pole" with 82,5% fat. It costs 80-90 rubles per 200 grams.
The product from company "First Petersburg dairy plant" - 80-90 rubles for 180 grams at a fraction of fat 82,5%.
As you can see, the cost of these products does not exceed 100 for 180-200 grams.
According to studies, abnormalities were detected in:
Oil "Ostankino compound" from company "Vivat+". The reason is the proportion of fat content is lower than the manufacturer stated on the packaging, the increased humidity of the product, the presence of fat non-dairy origin.
The product under the trademark "Vologda dawns", "dyad'kovo-milk": pasteurization flavor, mealy texture, mass fraction of fat content lower than specified, the lack of milk fat.
"Peasant" oil from Tver, OOO "Rik" with heterogeneous texture and a mass fraction of milk fat less than 15%.
To disallowed also placed oil "Grandmother's products" (LLC "Ivmolokoprodukt"); the product of the "Dairy plant Ufa" oil "Volot", LLC "Production plant "Volot"; oil from company "Hermes"; product from OO "Tavern "Altay"; oil "Russian tradition", "Version" and "Village yard" of JSC "Ozeretskoe dairy".