You will need
- - bowl of hot water;
- - mustard;
- - mustard;
- - the bandage;
- - warm milk;
- - baking soda.
First find out what provoked the attack. If it is caused by any allergen (cat hair, pollen, washing powder), then remove it from choking the person.
Seat patient in a comfortable position. Loosen the neck and chest from hindering clothing. Provide fresh air.
If the patient have any inhalers with them to enter a drug. To do this, remove the cap from the inhaler, turn the canister upside down and shake it a few times. Have the person take a deep breath, place the mouthpiece of the inhaler between your teeth and press on the bottom of the canister during inhalation. After the introduction of the drug, the patient should hold breath for 10 seconds.
Teach the patient to breathe according to the following scheme: 2-3 surface of inhalation and exhalation, then a breath-hold for 8-10 seconds, then again 2-3 normal inhalation and exhalation with subsequent breath holding. Continue breathing in this scheme you need to until it is restored. The method is based on the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the breath. Increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood through complex mechanisms causing relaxation of the bronchial tubes and restore the airway.
While the patient performs breathing exercises, cook him a hot foot bath with mustard. Pour in a bowl of water with a temperature of 45° C and add 2 tablespoons of mustard. Immerse the patient's foot in the basin for 10-15 minutes. Instead of foot baths you can put mustard on the chest or calf muscles.To do this, wet the mustard with hot water and apply to the skin of the chest or calves. Use the bandage to fix the mustard.
Give the patient to drink a glass of warm milk with a teaspoon of baking soda. Soda promotes liquefaction of sputum and facilitate its release from the bronchi.
If you cannot remove the attack of suffocation, call for medical help.
Advice 2: How to remove an attack of bronchial asthma
Symptoms of attack bronchiale asthma - dyspnea, rale in the lungs, a dry paroxysmal cough. The patient has severe discomfort in the chest. To exhale from the lungs the air has to make tremendous efforts. At this time you need to take steps to normalize their condition.
First, provide fresh air into the room. To do this, open the window. Next, you should adopt a comfortable position. Sensing the approach of an attack of asthma, sit astride a chair. The face should be facing the backrest. Between back and chest with a pillow.
It is important to be able to calm down and relax. You should not panic. Every breath and exhalation should be controlled. The condition of the patient during attack of bronchial asthma depends almost entirely on its ability to heal itself.
Use any drug, "ambulance" in asthma. These bronchodilators short-acting are able to quickly alleviate the patient's condition. After two inhalations asthma attacks usually soon pass. If after 15 minutes no relief came, make inhalation again.
With attackof the mi bronchial asthma effectively fights aminophylline. It is a bronchodilator doctors use when calling to the patient, who suffered an attack of bronchial asthma. Aminophylline is administered intravenously, therefore it has a fast action. Don't neglect the help of physicians. Tablet is good, but their effect have to wait too long, especially if breathing becomes more difficult.
To remove an attack of bronchial asthma with any antihistamine. Do not waste time. Take at the very beginning of the attack a couple of tablets of a Dimedrol, suprastin, tavegilum or claritin and your condition quickly normalized.
Effective means are hormones. For example, prednisolone and dexamethasone. These corticosteroids are administered to a patient suffering from an attack of asthma intravenously or intramuscularly. If the effect of inhaled drugs does not occur and the patient does not feel improvement, you should take the prednisone.