Based on the graphic part of the planand the evacuation take the floor plan of the building. Note that, if floor area more than 1000 sq m, it is necessary to break it down section and for each of them to draw a separate diagram. If a floor plan is available only in paper form, then scan it and use the bitmap as a sub-base for the design planand evacuation in electronic form.
Go around all the premises located on the floor, inspect them. Mark on the plan, e the location of phones, fire extinguishers, automatic fire alarm, fire hydrants, main, spare and emergency exits. For each room specify the number of people in it and the estimated average number of visitors, if they rely uponthe presence in the room.
Inspect and verify all the basic, spare and emergency exits for their size and reliability. Note the presence of anisodamine and the possibility of ventilation.
Will watertite plan of the premises in any graphics program. Note the estimated size of a paper copy. For floor and sectional plans evacuation it must be at least 600x400 mm so it was a good read, andif youwere raised by visual. Local plan of evacuation from a separate room may be the size 400х300 mm.
Consider options for ways out of each room taking into account the flow of people, sizes of the communication paths. Keep in mind, and those threads that can be formed on upper floors. Check with a solid green arrows recommended basic ways of an exit from the floor for each room. Alternate routes of evacuation , draw a dotted green arrow.
In the diagram apply conventional signs the location of telephones, fire hydrants, fire extinguishing means and systems of fire automatics. Enter places of the main, spare and emergency exits. Be sure to indicate location on plane, which corresponds to the location of the scheme. On your drawing should have no unnecessary cluttering of details, decals, signs. A list of conventional signs must be whenadministered under the graphic.
The height of signs and symbols must be 8-15 mm, they should be well readable and have the same size for the entire document. Safety signs and symbols can be colored, all the other graphic details and information appear in black.
Advice 2: How to plan for evacuation in case of fire
The implementation of fire safety regulations is necessary not only in order to follow the law, but to prevent undesirable consequences of a possible fire. One of the prerequisites for the implementation of any activities predenterprises and institutions is the existence of a plan of evacuation in case of fire, establishing rules of conduct and procedure of action in emergency situations.
You will need
- The floor plan of the building.
Read the Rules of fire safety in the Russian Federation. According to this regulation in the buildings and structures should be designed and placed in prominent places in the scheme of evacuation of people in case of fire. At sites where the possibility of mass stay of people, in addition to the scheme of evacuation in case of fire is developed by instructions for personnel actions. Responsible for compliance with fire safety regulations is the facility Manager.
In the preparation of the plan of evacuation of the first watertite floor plans of the building, trying not to clutter their minor and irrelevant details. Draw on the plan the scheme of evacuation of people from premises. In this case the solid green arrows show the main path of evacuation, and by means of dotted arrows the same color draw the spare (additional) ways. Conventional symbols, show on the diagram the location of fire extinguishers, fire hydrants, and connection points automatic fire alarm systems, placement of phones.
Prepare the textual part of the plan of evacuation. Run it in the form of a table with a sequential number, the list of actions of the contractor. Complete the narrative instructions to staff, and monuments reflecting action in case of fire. Reflect in the text of how to fire alarm; evacuation; control over all the people left the premises; the means of verification of fire alarm (including actions in the event of failure of the automation); the procedure for extinguishing of fire; order of evacuation of the property.
Assign performers in all sections of the planbased on the capabilities of people and skills they possess (professional, organizational, etc.). When developing a plan of evacuation , use the timing, fixing the time required to perform those or other actions under the plan.
As an Annex to the table prepare a list of responsible persons and employees of the organization, providing the box for painting familiarization with the plan of evacuation. Put down on the plan of evacuation the date of its making, seal seal and signature of the official responsible for observance of fire safety rules.
Advice 3: How to draw a diagram of evacuation
One of the main requirements to public premises is to comply with fire safety standards. Diagram of evacuation of people during fire is the most important document that need to be developed for each premise separately. In addition to traffic patterns of people in it are also subject to personnel actions in the event of a fire.
You will need
- - Floor plan of the building;
- - graphics program for your computer.
Plan evacuation needs to consider the floor plans of a specific building or structure. It is also necessary to provide the reliability, size and type of ways of evacuation of personnel. Don't forget to consider the specifics of human behavior in a critical situation, be sure to calculate the power flow of people and try to eliminate the possibility of crossing several routes.
Plan of evacuation to requirements of GOST R 12.2.143-2002 should include a graphical portion and a textual description. To create the graphic part you will need a floor plan of the building. If the total dimensions of the room are very large and exceed 1000 square feet, divide the plan into sections and create a separate scheme of evacuation for each of them.
Before you create an electronic version of the plan of evacuation, go around the room and carefully inspect it. You need to note the location of the main, spare and emergency exits, location of fire panels, fire alarm, phones. Mark on the plan the possibility of ventilation and means of anisodamine.
On the plan mark the number of people in the room constantly, and the average number of visitors if their presence is implied.
Go the intended route of evacuation from each room. Check all bottlenecks. Check the reliability and safety of stairs, railings. Make sure that the width of the passage is sufficient to move the maximum number of people. Please note that at the moment, people don't look at the feet, and hence the high thresholds or steep stairs can be dangerous.
Develop alternative options for the movement of people during a fire or emergency. Don't forget to take into account the outflows from the upper floors of buildings or basements.
It is most convenient to create a plan of evacuation in a graphics program. For this scan your paper diagram and move to bitmap. In the future, this document can be used as the basis for creating not only the scheme of evacuationand other plans.
Don't get carried away with detail and colour. Routes indicate a solid green line indicating the direction of travel, alternate routes – dotted line. Red highlight symbols. Don't forget to note on the drawing the location corresponding to the location your plan in the room.
Do not use the plan callout; signs designating fire fighting equipment or means of communication, must be indicated on the plan in their location. Marking symbols to decode the text entries in the drawing. The letters in the text part must have the same size. They also need to be large enough to make it easy to read. The recommended size of 8-15 mm.
The plan of evacuation, are located on floors or in sections must be rather large to read and be perceived visually. The optimal size 600x400 mm.
Approve the layout plan of evacuation, the inspector GPN.
Creating an evacuation plan, don't forget about the labels-pointers. The presence of inscriptions "Exit", "EXIT", "Fire shield" and the like is a prerequisite for the conformity of your facilities standards and requirements of fire safety.