Follicle-stimulating hormone in women is responsible for ovulation and the estrogen. The most accurate indicators of hormonal background can be obtained in mid-cycle, or 3 to 8 day. This hormone is present in men. It promotes the production of testosterone, and maturation of sperm and is responsible for the level of sexual strength to men. Women take an analysis strictly on the respective days on the recommendation of a physician, men – in any day of the month. The analysis seems to early in the morning on an empty stomach.
Analysis of luteinizing hormone women take from 3 to 8 day cycle or from 19 to 21 days. Men any day. The analysis seems to early in the morning on an empty stomach. These two hormones help to determine the cause of infertility.
To determine the level of prolactin, the tests need to pass in the first and second phase of the cycle, in the morning on an empty stomach. Before testing, you should abstain from sex and observe a complete rest. Elevated prolactin levels can cause various pathologies health and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. In lactating women, prolactin levels are high, as it is responsible for lactation.
Blood to the hormone estradiol can be taken any day of the cycle. The analysis should be taken early in the morning on an empty stomach.
Progesterone test women who are planning pregnancy. The analysis must pass at 19-21 day cycle. The level of this hormone determines the ability of the endometrium to accept the ovum and maintenance of pregnancy.
Testosterone levels test both women and men any day of the month. If a woman has increased levels of this hormone, the pregnancy ends in miscarriage. Low testosterone levels in men may indicate many abnormalities in the body.
The hormone DHEAS is the sulfate test of the couple planning the birth of a child. In a woman's body elevated levels of the hormone prevents pregnancy and its gestation. A reduced level of this hormone in men leads to lack of viability of spermatozoa.
In disorders of the thyroid gland or suspected violations rent a blood test for hormones (T3, T4, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and antibodies to TTG. Tests for hormone levels should be taken on an empty stomach, you cannot drink even water.
Before the blood level Gomonov need to cancel all medications for two weeks before analyses.
Advice 2 : What tests to take when pimples
Acne is a trouble faced by almost all teenagers and some adults. In order to get rid of acne, you must pass the tests and understand the cause.
Single pimples can appear on the skin any person in response to improper diet, lack of vitamins, adverse environmental conditions or violation of the rules of personal hygiene. Such pimples do not need serious medical treatment and prior examinations. Other situation develops around of acne, when the acne takes a large area of the skin and are not amenable to ordinary treatment with local resources.
Often the appearance of acne due to hormonal imbalance, so the first specialist, which is worth a visit in the presence of acne is an endocrinologist. Primarily, the specialist will prescribe the patient suffering from acne, tests for sex hormones. Acne can form due to an overabundance of androgens and steroid hormones in a patient's body. Women need to take hormone tests on day 5-7 of the menstrual cycle. The endocrinologist draws particular attention to the content in blood serum free testosterone, cortisol, follicle stimulating hormone FSH, dihydrotestosterone, as well as estradiol and prolactin. In addition to sex hormones, the thyroid hormones (thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH). Dysfunction of the thyroid gland can also cause acne.
Regardless of what caused acne, the patient is necessarily losing, General and biochemical blood analysis. These analyses allow us to assess the overall health of the person and determine the presence of any pathological processes in the body. Often the acne are the result of disorders of the liver, gall bladder and digestive system.
Tests for acne may appoint a dermatologist, as acne in some patients are due to pathogenic organisms on the skin. To identify assigned cultural crops, the results of which indicate the presence or absence of pathogenic bacteria in skin pores.
Finally, acne can be caused by intestinal dysbiosis. In this case, you need to visit a gastroenterologist and get tested to determine the composition of the intestinal microflora.
Advice 3 : On what hormones to be tested when pimples
Acne is always annoying and not too nice. They often appear on the face during adolescence, and for twenty years their activity is markedly reduced. But what if the age is not the baby, the acne was still occupying the face?
First of all it is necessary to go on consultation to doctors. It is absolutely necessary to visit a dermatologist, who will examine the skin and take scrapings for mites and appoint other specialists. In the list of doctors will be the gynecologist, gastroenterologist and endocrinologist. Consultation of the gynecologist is necessary because often the appearance of acne is cyclical — the ulcers appear about a week before menstruation, therefore they are connected with the working of the female reproductive system. The gastroenterologist examines the gastrointestinal tract and provide recommendations on diet that will cleanse the skin and prevent acne.
But the most important specialist is an endocrinologist. The fact that almost 99% of the cases the occurrence of acne is associated with disturbances in hormonal background. During the transition period in the child's body begins to readjust to the hormonal system. During hormonal storms many glands — the sex, the sweat, sebaceous, begin to work harder. In the result of intensive work of the sebaceous glands sebum is produced in larger quantities. Because sebum is a breeding ground for bacteria, infection it is joined very quickly — and pimples. About twenty years, sometimes later, hormonal stabiliziruemost, and pimples disappear. And if you still do not disappear, the endocrinologist prescribes tests for hormones.
Steroid hormones. In determining steroid hormones in the blood first of all attention is paid to male and female sex hormones. Of male sex hormones is usually determined testosterone. Normally, the content of testosterone in men of Mature age 2.6 – 11 µg/l in women and 0.1 – 1.1 µg/l. the Increase in these figures may be a cause of acne. Women also determine the content of estrogen, particularly estradiol. Normal estradiol not less than 68 nmol/l. Typically the decline in female sex hormone levels accompanied by an increase in the male.
Insulin. The relationship of acne and insulin the most that neither is a direct. If your diet is wrong (to visit a gastroenterologist) "fast" carbohydrates are digested at high speed, instantly raising blood sugar levels. To combat excess sugar, the pancreas emits large doses of insulin. Insulin converts excess sugar into lipids, i.e. fat, which is sent to the subcutaneous fat. While excess subcutaneous fat stimulates the activity of sebaceous glands. And there are already bacteria arrives. The normal concentration of insulin — 1 – 9.4 pmol/l.
A method of reducing the level of "wrong" hormones tell the doctor. But the fight against acne — event complex, so you need to follow a diet and lead a healthy lifestyle.