You will need
- - bandages, cotton wool;
- - the wiring.
To stop arterial bleeding using a pressure bandage, finger pressing of the artery away from the wound, tourniquet or if the lesion on the extremity, maximum flexion, followed by a tight fixing. Each of these methods has its own characteristics that should be considered.
The finger pressure artery apply temporarily, until the tourniquet or pressure bandage. Push the damaged vessel above the wound on extremities, and lower on the head and neck.
Before the imposition of a pressure bandage, treat the skin at a distance of 3-4 cm from the wound with an antiseptic solution, and in the field - vodka or plain water. If no sterile bandage, apply a clean cloth, on top of cotton wool and fix it with bandage.
Use a tourniquet if severe bleeding from the wounds of the limbs, although with proper application it can be applied when bleeding from the carotid artery, i.e. on the neck. Above the wound cover the skin with fabric or clothing. For the outflow of venous blood lift the limb up to 20-30 cm above the body and then use a tourniquet. To avoid passing nerve endings, tighten it moderately. Each subsequent round must capture the previous. Under the latest round include a note specifying the exact hour and minute of its imposition. As harness can use sleeve dress, belt, rope and other handy tools that are easy to wrap around the limb.
Indication that the tourniquet is to stop bleeding, disappearance of the pulse in the limb, pale skin and sunken veins. Harness keep mind, not cover it with clothes and not sabantuya. The time overlap is in the summer – 2 hours in winter and 1-1. 5 hours. If the transportation of the injured to the hospital will take longer, press the artery above the wound and remove the tourniquet and after 5 minutes, apply it again, only this time a little higher.
When bleeding from the carotid artery (side of neck), on the opposite side put your hand on your head and wrap a tourniquet around it and above the damaged artery. This will help to avoid suffocation and stop heavy bleeding.
If the limb is badly damaged at the site of the alleged tourniquet, use the method of maximum flexion. Apply to the wound compression bandage with your strong arm at the elbow or the leg at the knee and then secure the bandage.
Stop arterial bleeding should not be accompanied by blueness of the skin or numbness of the limb. The appearance of these symptoms should weaken the harness or to impose it again.
Advice 2 : How to stop the bleeding in the wound in the vein
Dark red blood profusely flowing from deep wounds, an indication of damage to veins. It is important to be able to render first aid to the victim, otherwise a large blood loss could cost him his life.
Put the bleeding man on a flat surface. If a limb is bleeding, it is necessary to lift so that it is above heart level. The amount of bleeding will decrease as the pressure of the blood in the damaged vessel will be reduced.
Prepare dressings for bandaging. Better if it will be sterile cotton wool, gauze and bandages, but if you can not get them, you can use a clean nose with a handkerchief. It is important that compressive bandage was applied as quickly as possible, since a large hemorrhage from venous bleeding, the victim may lose consciousness, and in severe cases even die. In addition, you can earn air embolism if a heart hits an air bubble penetrating through the damaged vessel. This condition is also deadly.
Bleeding bandage place as tight as you can. This will help to narrow the lumen of the affected vein, resulting in bleeding must stop. If the dressing continues to ooze blood, then bandage fixed wrench. Can be applied to the wound an extra layer of gauze and bandage it with great effort.
If the victim received a wound in the vein in an open area where there is no opportunity to get supplies, hold the injury with your fingers. Though it is a temporary measure, but it will help to hold the victim as long as he won't be given a full medical help. If the damaged vein in the neck, the imposition of tight bandages is impossible for obvious reasons, so to stop the bleeding will only be possible in this way.
Immediately call for medical help. Patient, whose severed vein, needs further observation. Treatment of the wound specialists will help prevent infection and other complications.