Treatment of rickets appointed by the pediatrician. Treatment and prevention should be carried out in several directions. First, is the use in the diet of baby foods most rich in vitamin D. secondly, the appointment of drugs to fill the deficit of this vitamin. In addition, the creation of conditions under which all the incoming vitamin D would have learned the most.
Nutrition plays a vital role in the prevention and treatment of rickets. It should be balanced, that is, to fully meet the needs of the child in proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts and vitamins. Newborn baby for optimal breastfeeding. If the baby receives artificial feeding, you need to give preference to the milk mixture, which is as close in composition to women's milk. It is important to introduce into your baby's diet vegetable and fruit juices and purees, cereals, meat, cheese. This will help ensure adequate intake of complete proteins. Avoid excessive consumption of bread, flour products and fat, because they interfere with the absorption of calcium in the intestine. Particularly rich in vitamin D such as mackerel, salmon, dairy products, butter, cheese, egg yolk.
Equally important is well-organized day regimen and sufficient stay of the child in the fresh air. Children it takes at least 2-3 hours daily. But we should remember that the skin of babies is very sensitive to UV rays, so children first year of life, direct sunlight is contraindicated. Enough walking in the shade of the trees.
In the treatment of rickets is necessarily the use of preparations of vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus. The dosage and duration of drug therapy is determined by the physician based on the age and severity of the disease. Recently, doctors prefer drugs vitamin D3, mainly its soluble forms (e.g., "ease of use"). They are better absorbed in the intestine and have a more prolonged effect in comparison with oil solutions. The correct calculation of the therapeutic dose is very important, as overdose can lead to the development of hypervitaminosis D. While there is weakness, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, joint pain, convulsions, slow pulse, difficulty breathing. If after a few days of taking these drugs, the child begins to refuse to eat, nausea or vomiting, you need to go to the doctor. After treatment of vitamin D the baby is transferred to long-term use of prophylactic doses of 400 IU per day. In addition, the treatment of rickets appointed multivitamin preparations.
Complex therapy of rickets also includes massage and gymnastics, especially great is their value when the residual phenomena. As helper methods designate salt and pine baths, a course of 10-12 procedures. Salt baths shown loose, fat children, and coniferous – nervous, thin, with a reduced appetite.