The first thing you should pay attention is a constant checking of glucose level in blood, every 3-4 hours. In no case do not give up your insulin, even if the sugar level is normal.
Nutrition and drinking regime. Despite the fact that during illness, the appetite disappears, reduce only fats intake. Prefer easily digestible carbohydrates, meals should be frequent and fractional. Experts at the American Association for diabetes are advised to take 15 grams of carbohydrates every hour. Drink too often; if the level of glucose is high, drink water; if low ‒ a few SIPS of Apple juice.
Take medications that do not contain sugar or sweeteners. It is primarily concerned with medicines, syrups and drops. Is perfect for you inhalations, teas of herbs, gargling with herbal decoctions and solution of soda.
To be treated it is necessary, as there is a threat of transition of diseases into a chronic form; particularly high risk diabetics get pneumonia, bronchitis, sore throat and otitis. After a visit to the doctor and follow all his recommendations. Contraindicated for pain, anti nasal congestion.
For insulin-dependent type of diabetes is the risk of ketoacidosis in non-insulin-dependent type ‒ of heart complications. You may need insulin therapy. Watch carefully for possible signs of developing ketosis. Buy special test strips that determine the number of ketone bodies in the urine. If they come, quickly take action. Increase the amount of fluid (pure water, fruit drink, compote, water with lemon) enter in the diet fast carbs. If the situation gets out of control, the disease is severe, call your doctor. Just a few hours ketosis can develop into diabetic ketoacidosis. And it is very dangerous.
During the illness, keep a journal and write in it all the doses of insulin and medication, the serving of food, the results of the temperature measurements. These data show the doctor at each appointment with him.