You will need
- - a pot of the desired size;
- - expanded clay;
- - garden soil;
- - large river sand;
- dry crushed leaves.
To start, gently separate the babies from the parent plant using a clean and sharp knife. It should be done very carefully in order to process accidentally left part of an adult cactus, and Vice versa. Since they can lead to rotting of the plant. Produce jigging in the most favorable for this period – in spring, in any case not at the end of the summer.
After the successful separation of dry baby, make it advisable in a dark and cool place for five to ten days. When the slice is thoroughly dry, proceed with the rooting. But first prepare a favorable substrate.
Cacti is quite demanding to the pot in which to grow. The size must match the root system of the plant. Take a small container (plastic or clay, whatever), a couple of centimeters more kids in diameter. In the absence of the bottom of the pot drainage holes, do them with Sheila, heated over the fire. Otherwise, the water stagnated in the roots can lead to decay.
For making soil favorable for growing cactus plants, mix equal proportions of garden soil, coarse river sand and crushed dry leaves. On the bottom of the pot place a layer of expanded clay or small pebbles, she will play the role of drainage. Then fill the pot to the edge of the rim of the prepared substrate and tamp a bit.
With a pen make a hole in the center of the earth and place the separated baby, not much deepen. Top ground pour a small layer of stone, thus you create natural conditions and protect the root neck.
Put a pot of cactus for a couple of days in the shade, let him get used to the new habitat. To produce the first watering should be a week after planting and a small amount of supernatant water. Remember, a cactus is a desert plant, devastating the moisture in large quantities.
Advice 2 : How to root cactus
Cacti – the family of perennial succulents that spread from America to all continents, excluding Antarctica. Due to the unusual nature and variety of forms, cactuss are very popular among lovers of room floriculture. Propagate these plants by seeds and cuttings.
You will need
- - charcoal;
- paper napkins;
- - ground sheet;
- - sand;
- - expanded clay.
Cuttings used for propagation of forms of cacti, derived as a result of selection, since the young plants, sprouted from seed could not inherit all the characteristics of the variety. Besides, this way you can save a rotting cactus, cutting off and will plant its top. Cut the cuttings are recommended in the spring or early summer.
Cut the stalk from the plant perpendicular to its axis. This can be done with a sharp knife, wiping the blade with alcohol. If you cut off the top with rotting plants, separate all damaged areas to healthy tissue. Before you make the last cut, again with alcohol wipe the blade of a knife.
Some growers engaged in cultivation of cactuses, it is recommended to grind the cut of the cutting at an angle of forty-five degrees on all sides without damaging the Central cylinder. After drying the surface of the slice will not be drawn into the plant and does not form a hole, which is normally derived mold.
Dry plant material in two to three days, spreading the cuttings slices to the sun. You can powder the slices powdered charcoal.
Once the slices are dry, place the cuttings in a container, placing them vertically on a layer of slightly crumpled tissue paper. Capacity with plants put in a well lit area. Different species of cacti require different amount of time for sprouting of roots. This process can take from two weeks to six months.
There is a way of rooting cacti over the container of water. To root cuttings in this way, pour water in a shallow container and attach a lid with a hole. Over the hole, place the dried stalk of the cactus so that it does not touch the water. Cover the container with handle transparent lid and place in a warm, well-lighted place.
The cuttings have roots, can be seated in separate pots. To do this, place the pots in the drain and pour over it a mixture of parts of leaf, parts loam and two parts washed river sand. To the mixture is recommended to add crushed charcoal.
The cuttings should be planted into the soil so that the ground was only the roots. Plant after planting will be in a rather precarious position, but this can be corrected. Put in pot with handle top drainage and fix the cactus upright with large granules. As the top of the drainage you can use the hot water washed the clay pebbles.