You will need
- - wrenches;
- - screwdriver;
- - cotton gloves;
- - drainage container;
- - at least 10 litres of new coolant.
Driving a car on a horizontal platform. If the surface is sloped, then the machine must be positioned so that the front part is below the rear.
Disassemble the crankcase and the splash shield. This is needed in order to when draining the fluid does not spread on tray. You can also find any fixture drain, not to remove the protection and splash guard.
Look in the car the handle of the heater valve and turn it counterclockwise until it stops. Located on the radiator drain plug. Substitute under her capacity, the volume of which not less than ten litres. Carefully Unscrew the cap.
Find the expansion tank. He's usually a light color. Open the plug on it. Do not pull hard, so as not to strip the threads on the plastic. Also from the excessive effort, the tank may crack.
Locate the drain plug on the engine block. Place a container under it and open the tube. This will allow you to drain the coolant channels of the engine block.
Flush the cooling system, as during the period of operation on its walls may accumulate a lot of deposits. For washing, you can pour distilled water by adding specific additives that can break down deposits. In this case the additive should be selected so that they do injury to the material from which made the radiator. To thoroughly clean the radiator, use the washer "Karcher". Put the hose washing on the radiator hose and turn it on maximum power. Water pressure will wash away all the deposits. Clean the external radiator cell. This will facilitate the flow of air.
Pour new coolant. If you have not washed the system, then you should only pour the liquid that you used. If you cleaned the cooling system, then you can fill the antifreeze of any type. Pour antifreeze as long as the fluid level in the reservoir reaches the maximum mark. One should not pour, since the extra coolant can create excessive pressure that will cause harm to the system.
Start the engine and let it warm up. Then turn the car off and check the coolant level. If necessary, top up with antifreeze.
Be very careful because the coolant is very harmful and poisonous! Try not to inhale the vapors! Drain the waste liquid only in capacity, not to cause tremendous harm to the environment.
Advice 2 : How to replace antifreeze in the Field
It is recommended to pay attention to the condition of the antifreeze every six months. It happens that the coolant does not meet the desired density and requires replacement. In addition, if the antifreeze is discolored, it is also necessary to replace him.
You will need
- - 8-10 liters of antifreeze;
- - the key is "13";
- - capacity with a capacity of 10 l;
- plastic bottle;
- - the hose.
Find heater valve radiator and open it by sliding handle to the right until it stops.
Under the hood, remove the surge tank cap and the filler tube of the radiator.
On a plastic bottle cut the bottom to get a deep watering. One end of a hose put on the neck of the watering can, and the second will drop into a container. In the lower left corner of the radiator there is a drain plug. Substituting the watering can, Unscrew it and drain the antifreeze.
Undo the belt fastening of the surge tank and lifting it up, drain any excess fluid through the radiator. Tighten the drain plug on the radiator and put the tank back in place.
On the engine block, below the candle of the fourth cylinder, find the brass tube under the key "on 13". Put it under the funnel, remove and drain any excess coolant from the cylinder block. Then screw a stopper and tighten it with a key.
Start to fill the cooling system, pouring antifreeze into the radiator. Ensure the fluid level is between the lower and upper mark. Pour antifreeze in expansion tank. The liquid should be poured into the neck of the radiator. Periodically prosemite fingers radiator hoses to fill the system without air pockets. Screw the cap back on the reservoir tank and radiator.
Start the engine and let it warm up. Turn on the heater, and through him, got to go warm the air. After starting the second round of the cooling, the antifreeze will sharply fall through the system. Stopping the engine, add it to the coolant reservoir to the upper mark.
The photo shows the engine compartment of the vehicle, модель21200
A few days after the replacement of antifreeze is necessary to monitor its level. If necessary top up. Sometimes in the cooling system formed an air tube. To remove, jammed the engine and allow it to cool. Then you need to Unscrew the filler tube of the radiator, start the engine and let it run for about 5 minutes. Thereafter, the tube can be closed. Before the winter period it is worth checking the alcohol content of the antifreeze. If the density is below forty percent, the liquid must be replaced.