You will need
- - the pruner;
- - handsaw with a narrow blade.
The pruning of gooseberries is recommended in early spring, before the buds. The formation of the seedling should shorten all shoots, leaving weak branches of a pair of kidneys, and the stronger — from three to four.
In the formation of own-rooted standard gooseberries have a seedling leave a strong direct escape, which shorten the height of the trunk. In the upper part of the shoot should remain from three to five strong buds, which will form the crown. Buds and shoots appear on the trunk, should be removed.
The following year the young plants are formed in the form of a Bush, leave four or five of the strongest shoots, and the rest is completely cut off. Old gooseberry growing in the right conditions, forms many basal shoots from which every year leave three or four branches. Subsequently, they will replace otplodonosivshih shoots.
Well formed Bush gooseberry has about ten branches of different ages. Remove shoots over eight years. From other branches, they are more dark color and rough texture. In some varieties the old branches bend.
In the process of forming the annual pruning removes the shoots, thickening the Bush. Cut off broken and damaged by frost branches completely or to the nearest healthy kidneys depending on the age and condition of the escape. Shorten the drooping tips of the branches stretched out to the nearest strong branches or buds, growing up.
If spring pruning gooseberry missed, old branches can be removed in the fall, after harvest. The rest of move pruning next spring.
When spring pruning dense Bush of gooseberry, the formation of which no one before was not engaged, remove basal shoots and to thin out the Bush. Drooping branches cut to straight. Rooted branches growing from the bottom of the hive, can be left until the autumn.
After harvest, cut the old stems. Rooted branches can be separated from the Bush and planted the illuminated portion with loose soil. Before planting gooseberries plot dug up and removed from the ground roots of the weeds. Depending on the fertility of the soil Deposit when digging from two to four kilograms of organic fertilizer per square meter of area.
Advice 2: How to trim shrubs
Spring. – a hot time. There are a lot of diverse and not always pleasant work. In addition to looking after the beds with vegetables, you should pay attention to the fruit bushes, to gather a good harvest of currants, raspberries and gooseberries.
You will need
- - sharpened shears;
- - garden options;
- outdoor knife.
After the melting of snow in the area, while the buds on the gooseberry bushes and currants have not gone into growth, begin pruning plants. Prepare garden tool that you will need for the job.
Shoots of the shrub should be cut at the base, almost at ground level. Do not leave stumps, they may give low-yield shoots that you may not need. They can also become breeding grounds for mold, which will damage the entire plant.
Don't do oblique slices, surface damage should be minimal. The pruner hold the cutting side to the stump, so you will achieve a smoother cut. The injured surface with a diameter greater than one centimeter zamazhte garden pitch.
When pruning your task is the formation of fruiting healthy Bush. If this work is not done, the plant in a few years will grow fruitful branches will lack power and light. These adverse conditions can lead to the development of diseases.
Mark dead and broken branches. The bark on them will be wrinkled, kidney no, wood is not flexible, but brittle. These branches will delete immediately. A nice Bush of black currant has 15-20 branches. To do this, each young growth choose 5-6 of the strongest shoots, they should be located symmetrically.
Without regret pendulous crop lying on the ground branch, growing inside the Bush shoots. Remove old shoots, you recognize them by their dark bark and short growth.
Burn everything you cut off, as it is old and diseased branches plant pests. Do not leave the fire unattended, before leaving, extinguish the fire and coals pricopie the ground.
As soon as the soil is ready for processing, produce loosening the trunks and enrich the ground of nitrogen and complex fertilizers. This will allow you to harvest delicious berries.