The fruit can break away from the stalk when reaching full maturity. Experienced gardeners known dates of ripening of fruits and vegetables, therefore the harvest takes place in time, and the massive decline and deterioration of the fruit not observed. But sometimes the fruits fall before their time, and then rot on the ground. The reasons can be several.
Many fruit crops such as apples, plums, pears, etc., are pollinated, and therefore for the formation of ovaries requires the presence in the garden of pollinating insects (bumblebees, bees, etc.) In the case that the garden has been treated with pesticides, there is the risk of loss of these important tiny helpers. Care must be taken not to allow excessive impact on trees and shrubs harmful chemicals.
Late spring frosts can considerably spoil or kill already appeared ovaries. These things need to predict and take precautions, for example, to spray the crown of fruit trees with special composition or process them with cold water before sunrise.
The lack of moisture in the soil can be caused by a long lack of rain, heat or strong wind. Because of this, nutrients and minerals needed by the plant are not available, because water helps them to rise from the roots to the leaves and ovaries. In this case, it is necessary to artificially feed trees, watering abundantly with water with dissolved in it with fertilizer.
Attack by insect pests. It should be borne in mind that in this case it is better not to use the newfangled compositions for spraying, and to use old proven tools, such as a decoction of dandelion, nettle, burdock, etc. So you can not only protect the tree from parasites, but also to protect insect pollinators.
Too late harvest the ripe fruits can also lead to their fall. You must carefully monitor ripening to prevent spoilage already ripe fruits and vegetables.