To distinguish between these two diseases, it is necessary to clearly understand what represents each of them. Now, poisoning is a disease the causes of which are toxic chemicals, poisons of plant origin, poisons of insects and bacteria.
Types of poisoning
Poisoning have a number of classifications:
accidental and suicidal;
- domestic and industrial;
- food poisoning and drug.
The pace and clinical development of acute and chronic poisoning. The first are very common in everyday life due to the use of potent chemicals and medicines.
Also, toxicity varies depending on the route of infection:
- through the mouth (food, expired drugs or their overdose);
- inhalation (e.g., gassing);
- through the skin or mucous membranes.
In addition, the possible toxicity due to incorrect conduct some medical procedures (intramuscular and intravenous injections, enemas). In these cases, the poisoning may be exposed to the intestines, uterus, vagina. Such cases are most difficult to diagnose.
Symptoms of poisoning
Poisoning may occur due to different reasons: intoxication, food poisoning, intestinal infection. But always there is a number of symptoms: fever, chills, fever, bloating, vomiting, dizziness, drop in blood pressure (sometimes to the point of fainting), vomiting, thirst and dry mouth.
These symptoms of poisoning appear, generally after 3-5 hours after receipt of the poison in the body. However, in acute poisoning after 1-2 hours may experience sudden severe abdominal pain, repeated vomiting, blue lips, change the color of the face, disruption of the cardiovascular system, that is, can increase heart rate. When these symptoms should immediately call a doctor.
What is morning sickness?
Poisoning understood, now you need to understand what is toxemia. Most people believe that morning sickness is a disease which is inherent exclusively to pregnant women. This is a mistake, since toxemia is a disease caused by exposure on the organism of toxins of endogenous origin (toxemia during pregnancy) or exposure to exogenous toxins (toxins produced by microbes).
Classification and symptoms of toxemia
There are several types of toxicosis:
Syndrome Waterhouse-Friderichsen or morning sickness with adrenal insufficiency. Symptoms – a sharp increase in body temperature to 40 degrees Celsius, a change of colour to pale bluish, bright cherry red, rash, General deterioration, lethargy, respiratory failure, palpitations, arrhythmia, tachycardia.
Reye's syndrome or toxemia with liver failure. Symptoms – fever, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, consciousness confused, reaction to light is poor. The cause of this toxicity are viruses – enterovirus, respiratory virus. Often subject to children up to three years.
Toxicosis with renal insufficiency. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, facial swelling in the lips, nose and mouth, and bleeding from the nose, tachycardia.
Morning sickness in pregnant women. Occurs in the first 12-14 weeks of pregnancy. The symptoms and intensity are dependent on the General condition of the woman. Healthy is barely noticeable, and women suffering from kidney, liver and other nedostatochnosti, the disease is complicated. Symptoms – regular nausea and vomiting, appetite not disappear, and in some cases, on the contrary, increases. Vomiting is usually in the morning or as a reaction to certain odors, such as fish, roast, etc. Share the three degrees of toxemia of pregnancy. At the first degree the General condition of women is satisfactory, the vomiting more than 2-3 times a day. The second degree is characterized by increased frequency of vomiting stool 8-10 times a day, weight loss women, detection in the blood of acetone. Third degree – this is dangerous for the woman and her child state when the temperature rises, quickens vomiting, accelerated pulse.
Toxemia in pregnancy or poisoning?
Poisoning mild indeed may be confused with toxemia in pregnant women, but there are significant differences, it is necessary to know that each expectant mother to protect herself and her baby. Morning sickness never begins suddenly, usually he bothers women in the morning in the first 12-14 weeks of pregnancy, the body temperature is not increased, a chair normal, is not observed lack of appetite. Symptoms of toxicosis are repeated from day to day, as a rule, to the same extent, that is not observed a sharp improvement or deterioration. Poisoning occurs abruptly - approximately 3-5 hours after eating poor quality food, begins with vomiting and diarrhea with a noticeable change in overall health, increased body temperature to 37–39S, heaviness, bloating.
At the first suspicion on poisoning should immediately seek medical attention. In any case it is impossible to self-medicate. Adequate and provided on time expert help is the key to the health of the unborn child!