The conditions for growing tomatoes
For tomatoes needed more dry air with high ambient temperature. In addition, these vegetables are even easier to tolerate a little drought than waterlogging. These plants require regular airing of greenhouses, which contributes to pollination. At high humidity (over 70%) of the plants can catch fungal and bacterial diseases. And such a lot. A sick plant is not always possible to save. High humidity contributes to the abscission of flowers. Not occur in the normal pollination and fertilization that result in fruits not. Pollination does not occur due to the fact that wet pollen is not getting enough sleep on a flower male plants.
The conditions for growing cucumbers
Cucumbers, unlike tomatoes, like the more humid the air and the soil. For them in the greenhouse set almost 100% humidity. Under such conditions, these vegetables I feel great. If these plants do not have enough humidity, the leaves begin to wither and dry.Drafts cucumbers do not like, so they are contraindicated in airing. Drought these plants suffer badly. They have a small root system and from deeper layers of soil, they cannot produce their own moisture. Therefore, they receive only irrigation water.
If from time to time to give necessary for proper growth and development of the cucumbers, will suffer from it on tomatoes, as, for example, the high humidity they just simply killed. And if you provide those conditions that require tomatoes, ill have cucumbers. For example, if rapid change in temperature the plants are weakened and stunted. In order not to lose neither his time nor strength, it is better not to experiment with the joint planting of these two crops in the same greenhouse. Therefore, when farming, it is recommended to take them to a separate place on the site.
Advice 2 : Is it possible to put in one greenhouse cucumber and pepper?
What are the conditions that prefer vegetable crops
The main vegetable crops that require cultivation in greenhouses – tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, eggplant, green culture. Unfortunately, not all of them endure next to one another without prejudice to each other. The fact that a good yield of each species needs to create its own microclimate, which can be harmful to other plants.
Cucumbers need warm and humid climate, abundant watering with warm water pooled, spraying the greenhouse air from a spray. Frequent airing cucumbers do not require to realise good yields, you can use self-pollinating (parthenocarpic) varieties. Quite the opposite are the requirements for growing tomatoes and peppers. Tomatoes need a moderate temperature, feeding nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer. High humidity in the greenhouse, the tomatoes suffer badly, they need to air.
Based on the above, we can conclude – in the same greenhouse cucumbers, peppers and tomatoes will be uncomfortable. In high humidity the bushes of tomatoes and peppers at risk of developing Phytophthora and fungal infections, and for cucumbers dry air is harmful – it will lead to the fall of the ovaries and the loss of the crop. In addition, the phytoncides emitted by tomatoes, adversely affect the condition of the cucumbers. The same problems arise when grown in the same greenhouse cucumbers, peppers and eggplant. The fact that they belong to the same nightshade family as the tomato, so the requirements are similar.
What you can do in this case
You can combine cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers with green crops: green onions, lettuce, radishes that are planted in the greenhouse in early spring. As they gather on a vacant place it is possible to plant seedlings of vegetable crops – between these cultures get along well.
If you need to place in one greenhouse several bushes of peppers and cucumbers, you can try to partition off the inner space of the plastic film, provided that it remains possible to fully ventilate the greenhouse. However, this method is still undesirable, because the plants will continue to exert influence on its neighbors through the soil: different humidity and different requirements for fertiliser application can play with the gardener a cruel joke.
If the greenhouse on the plot, only one can be used for cultivation of cucumbers warm compost garden under plastic cover – in these circumstances, the chances of getting a good harvest will increase significantly. You can go to another compromise in the greenhouse to plant cucumbers in warm beds, the pepper, because it will also be appropriate. By placing the plants in different places, you can expect to receive expected returns from the hard work, without risking to destroy the plants improper care.
Advice 3 : How to plant tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers in the greenhouse
At what distance to plant cucumbers in a greenhouse
Start transplanting of cucumbers in Central Russia in mid-may, because at this time, often, night is no frost. As for the distance at which the plants should be from each other, it depends on the varieties of cucumbers, and method of planting.
Based on the foregoing, we conclude that the distance between the cucumbers can vary between 40 and 60 centimeters. And the vertical method of planting the optimum interval of 40-50 cm, and in horizontal - not less than 60 cm Even if you have a fairly large garden plot and you have the opportunity to select for cucumber wide bed, choose the vertical method of planting, as in this case, you will get a bigger crop of cucumbers.
At what distance to plant the tomatoes in the greenhouse
The scheme of planting tomatoes depends on the cultivar, the formation of the stems and leaves of plants. To obtain the maximum yield of tomatoes, not too sagomate, as otherwise they will not have enough sunlight, humidity exceeds all norms.
Common recommendations method of planting tomatoes is not, however, considered that the best way upsetting mid-season low-growing crops (these include varieties of "Pink leader", "Dachnik", "Fontanka", etc.) - a chess. The plants are thriving and give a good harvest when planting them in two rows, distance between rows, and by the tomato - 50 centimeters.
The mid tomato varieties stambenih (undersized Slavovitsa "bullfinch", "Dominator" etc give a good harvest and a very small area. For example, such varieties can be planted 25 cm apart, in rows at a distance of 50 centimeters. One thing to consider with this method of planting seedlings require more careful care. Indeterminate tall varieties of tomatoes should be planted at a distance of 60 centimeters from each other when the width of the rows is 70-80 cm. Data classes include "the tower", "Start 1" and other.
At what distance to plant peppers in the greenhouse
Peppers - pretty warm-weather crop, so in an average strip of Russia it is better to grow them in greenhouses and greenhouses. The width of the beds in the greenhouse should be within one meter (to make it easier to loosen the earth and to water the plants). As for the method of planting when growing peppers, giving a small fruit, plants can be planted at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other, in other cases at least 40 centimeters. In General, peppers are very fond of "freedom", so if you have the opportunity, not thickening landings. In the future you will be easier to care for plants: water them, fertilize, loosen the earth.