The best time for harvesting
In order to weave from debarked neskorenykh rods, blanks can be carried out all year round. For those of twigs, the bark from which is to be cleared, and the rods to boil, terms are tougher, and come approximately from October-November. Start harvesting after the first frost, because at this time the buds on the branches are hidden inside, making the sticks more smooth and clean until next spring. The second half of winter, beginning in mid-January, the rods become more viscous and flexible, color them in this time after boiling darker.
White bars, the so-called juice, the cut or the beginning of may or end of August. Between these months of a rod is growing rapidly, and by the end of August grows enough, although the crust it is still very easily separated. At this time the rod is brittle, soft and herbaceous, easily splits and breaks. To the bark are better departed, often turn into autumn rod in juice. To do this, cut the vine and put at room temperature in a tub of water, changing the water in a month. Then sanded the rod easier. With the same purpose, the rods rinsed with boiling water.
Juice bars, it is preferable to sanded in place of the workpiece and immediately dried in the sun, turning for even drying. If drying on the ground, the rods are stained, so it is better to use the decks, but during a rain - sheds.
To find out whether suitable vine for weaving, one fairly simple way. To do this, cut the branch bend closer to the thick end, butt. If the rod stand bending 180 degrees and not cracked, this Bush can be cut vine. Of brittle twigs to weave artworks will be difficult, it will dislocate during work.
Despite the fact that the tools for harvesting wicker is not used a lot, every master will cut the vine on its own. Made trimming the vines serviceable sharp shears convenient master size. With the bushes cut only one year old shoots, if the rod is thick, from the trunk, leaving 10-15 cm Of the remaining kidney in the next year, fresh shoots. Truncation is done at a slight angle to the stump, too, has been sharpened.
Cut the rods assemble into bundles, and each bundle can contain up to 500 bars, depending on production volumes. Collected in bunches a vine is easier to gauge the length and thickness to work with her. When weaving you need to have a sharp knife, container for mixing, pliers and a screwdriver. After the first experiments, the list of materials for each wizard may have changed slightly.
Advice 2 : How to learn to weave from the vine
To learn how to weave from the vine can practically everyone. Of course, to do the filigree, one-of-a-kind braided product, it takes years of practice and talent. However, you can start learning without the need for special skills. You only need the willow vine and a little patience.
You will need
- - vine;
- for the rope.
The most common material for weaving is willow. Collect the vine at any time of year, but depending on the season, its properties will have a little change. In the spring and summer bars will please the beautiful color and ease of removing the bark, but the flexibility of them will leave much to be desired. Autumn and winter appearance will deteriorate, but the strength and elasticity will be close to perfect. To ensure that during the weaving rod will not break, bend it 180 degrees – good material will withstand such loads.
Cut off the branch length from one to five feet. Immediately after collection, they must remove the bark. For this you can buy a special knife or use a sharp enough tool found at home. Removing "skin", laminate vines 2-3 strips and leave to dry in a warm Sunny spot for a couple days. Just before you start, soak the vine in water for 2-3 hours, it will make it softer and more pliable.
Typically, students will begin their acquaintance with the technique of weaving of the vines with the simplest objects, like baskets, and baskets. Traditionally, the work begins with the manufacture of the bottom of the product. You can make a kind piece of plywood or weave a real bottom. In the first case, you need to cut plywood circle larger than the intended diameter of the basket by about 0.5 cm around the perimeter at a distance of about 3 cm to drill holes and insert rods in them, which will create the walls of these rods are called stoeckli).
To make wicker bottom, take the 4 rod whose length is equal to the diameter of the basket. Connect them in pairs. In the center of the first pair of cut away half the thickness (to get the cut). Second is also cut through in the middle and insert into the hole the first couple of sticks to make a cross. Then take the first vine, attach the wider end to the crossbar at the very center and start to twine the cross in a circle. Draw a vine over a "beam" of the cross, skip the following, and then swipe again from the top. In this way a spiral weave 2-3 rows. This pattern is called "twist". In the Central part of the bottom is better to take a thinner bars, the closer to the edge is thicker.
In 2-3 series, go to pattern "rope". To do this, secure the vine for the first part of the d-pad and obviate it around the frame as in the network. Then take a second vine and attach it to the next segment of the cross. Braid in the same way, but so that where the first vine was held over the rod the basics, the second vine was located beneath it and Vice versa. Get a pattern resembling a braid. Rope doplatit the bottom to the end.
Take an odd number of rods for the frame of the walls of the basket. Between adjacent bars in the result should be a distance equal to the width of 2-3 strips to the weave. Fasten these branches parallel to the sticks in the base of the bottom, then raise them perpendicularly up and tie at the end of a rope. In the center you can put plywood circle equal to the diameter of the basket to its size during weaving is not distorted.
For wall basket, use the pattern "twist" or "rope", altering them at will: for example, you can braid the front and back of every twig, and every two or three.
When the walls are ready, take one rod equal to the length of the circumference at the base of the basket. Bend it into a circle, tying the ends to each other. The ring will attach to stackem. After this first stanchion lean down 90 degrees, go around them the next rod on the right and get inside the basket, cutting over a second from him with a hard right. In this way weave "pigtail" and cut all the twigs of the skeleton of the basket.
Advice 3 : How to weave baskets from willow
Willow grows almost everywhere on the banks of rivers, ponds and marshes. This cheap material is made of a variety of things: trays, vases, baskets, baskets and even stylish garden furniture.
You will need
- - willow twigs;
- - beater;
- - kolonok;
- template (pot or bucket).
Prepare the material for weaving. Willow harvesting can be done year round, but the best vine in the spring before flowering. At this time the branches are flexible and pliable, easy to remove the bark. Also very good stuff grows in August, this time at willows grow long and straight shoots.
The best rods for weaving are annual shoots, with a diameter of 10-12 mm. willow Branches cut off with a sharp knife. Immediately remove them from the bark. Then cleaned the bars will survive 5-7 days in the air to dry.
If do you take the material in the fall, or the branches are dry before you are going to remove the bark, the twigs should be soaked for several days and then steamed in hot water. After that willow branches put in cold water and peel off the bark.
You can weave solid rods or of the so-called tapes, that is, the branches of a willow tree, split into strips. This can be done easy with a sharp knife or a special device — kalencom. The thickness of the ribbons depends on the product and how you intend to use it. For small baskets designed for storage of miscellaneous items suitable tape with a thickness of 2-3 mm, and products for picking berries, fruits, mushrooms or storage need to weave from strips with a thickness of 5-7 mm, or from whole bars.
To weave a basket, take the 8 rods. 4 make cuts in the middle, fold them together and insert into the split 4 rod. Thus, you will cross the basics.
Take 2 thinner rod and begin to braid the d-pad eight, that is, one rod from top to basis, the second from the bottom. Make 2-3 rows.
All the bars of the basis spread. You have 16 rays. Add another branch to the number of rays was based on the odd. Keep doing the bottom, criss-crossing each beam, two rods eight. When I see the bottom of the required diameter, 16-rods and bases add another one (the 17th is not necessary), pin them to the bottom. Total should have 33 rod.
Pick the template will be to weave. This can be a common pan or bucket. Put it on the bottom and fold the branches up the basics. Collect them over a template in a bundle and tie.
Then stand need to braid a double or triple rope (eight) same as a woven bottom. The bars try to keep as close as possible to each other. Customize them to each other with a special device — with a mallet. It should be quite massive and at the same time narrow to freely fit between the uprights. If the branch ends, substitute the following, and the ends hide inside.
After duplicate to the necessary inclination of the walls of the basket, remove the template and fill Board products. To do this, stand behind 2 subsequent and slip it between the bars of the wall of the basket. Then do the same with all the other posts. The extra protruding tips of the vines are cut with a knife.
Attach the basket handle. Take the rod, sharpen it on both sides. Insert it into the side of the basket. Now take a bundle of thin rods and insert them near the base for the handle. Obviate rod bases of a bundle of willow branches, trying to lay as flat as possible. Doplatit to end of handle and tie a knot in it. Excess parts of the rods cut away with wire cutters or a knife.
Advice 4 : What weave baskets and furniture
Baskets, furniture, fences and other articles are woven from the vines. It is made from branches of cherry, willow, grape, alder, raspberry, willow, willow, poplar, hazel, rattan. Best plaiting think rods of willow.
How to get willow vines for weaving baskets and furniture?
Suitable for weaving various products of the vine are obtained from annual or biennial shoots of willow. The best period of the workpiece is considered spring, August, December and January. Cut in this time, the bars well eskoriatza, they are flexible, durable. If the product you need to adorn an openwork weaving, using thin branches, which are harvested exclusively in spring with the start of active SAP flow in willow.
Vine for weaving baskets and furniture should be long enough (70-100 cm), straight, flexible, having a minimum taper. That is, the diameter of the butt must be little different from the diameter of the upper part of the rod. On average, its cross section is 5-6 mm. For the manufacture of hoops baskets and furniture frame to take the rods with diameter of 10-20 mm. I think the Best branches, which surface after sanding smooth and shiny.
But the main indicator of the quality of vines – of its core. The best is the one in which it is thin. To perform high-quality sanding vine boil in special tanks. Then it is dried and sorted. For the manufacture of fine jewelry vine split into 2-3 parts special kalencom. This job requires a certain skill that comes with experience. Further, the rods are stored where they will not get wet and not dirty. Then start manufacturing the product.
For weaving baskets and furniture is often used rattan. The so-called vine that grows in the tropics. The length of its stem can reach a quarter mile. Therefore, rattan is one of the longest plants in the world. It is smooth, flexible and without knots, with a solid core. All this makes rattan is the best choice for weaving furniture. It is suitable for the manufacture of smaller products. Harvesting this material for weaving furniture produced year-round.
Material for weaving is harvested, cut into bars of desired length and boil them in large containers. To get white rattan, it boiled for hours. So rod purchased the darker shade, enough two hours. If you need dark brown rattan, it is boiled for at least 4 hours. Further, the rods are removed and sanded while they're hot. To do this, use gloves made of coarse cloth or a special tool: split. After every split rod, using the same kolonok, as in the manufacture of willow stems. So the rattan becomes marketable.