Causes of mastitis menopause
The main cause of mastitis menopausal — hormonal changes, which can be erased or marked so badly that the disease becomes complicated relapsing course. Especially difficult is the breast in women with early or late menopause. It is considered early menopause before 45 years, and late — after 55 years.
Menopause is a special time in a woman's life characterized by lower levels of estrogen in the blood, the reverse development of the glandular and connective structures of the breast. These changes often lead to the emergence of mastitis. Usually this problem occurs in women older than 50 years.
Fibrocystic Breasts during menopause is accompanied by increased levels of estrogen secreted by the adrenal glands and adipose tissue, and reduction of the amount of progesterone in the blood. In the development of the disease is crucial violation of the synthesis of growth factors.
More likely to develop mastitis nulliparous or had undergone abortion many women, as well as those who were not breast-fed or fed very long.
Symptoms during menopause
In mastitis in the breast tissue formed seals or cysts. Conventionally, pathology is divided into diffuse and nodular. The diffuse form is characterized by multiple lesions of the glandular tissue, and nodular — single seal knots. They are benign — fibroadenoma and liquid cysts.
Clinical manifestations of mastitis menopause — common signs of disease. Patients complain of breast tenderness, swelling of the breast, increasing it. Some women, depending on the form of pathology observed asymmetry of the glands, and their swelling, the tuberosity of the surface, and in some cases, the appearance of discharge from the nipples.
Breast tenderness occurs intermittently or may be constant, increasing, from time to time. At the initial stage of fibrous mastitis painful syndrome is so pronounced that women have trouble wearing tight-fitting clothes. Fibrous mastopathy is characterized by symmetric enlargement of the breast, and nodal — asymmetric. Tyazhistosti and tuberosity of the gland tissue is well defined even in the photo, while the nipple is not changed and is not drawn, in contrast to malignant tumors. Discharge from the nipple are different from colorless to yellow or gray. This symptom is accompanied by a cystic breast lesion.
A distinctive feature of mastitis menopause is less pronounced, the intensity of the clinical signs of the disease: they are not as clear and the disease is less painful than in women of childbearing age.