Adhesions in the fallopian tubes is a condition in which the tubes are connected (soldered, fused) with the uterus or pelvic scar tissue. The appearance of adhesions inside the fallopian tubes is one of the reasons their obstruction and female infertility.

The first reason: inflammatory diseases

The most common cause of adhesions are inflammatory diseases that arise on a background of gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis and other sexually transmitted diseases. Adhesions in the tubes can be triggered by inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs. For example, when inflammation of the appendicitis, lesions of small or large intestine adhesions appear in the abdominal cavity and do not damage the genitals. If the inflammation has moved to the genitals, adhesions appear in the fallopian tubes, sticking them together and thus complicating or making impossible the process of conception.

The second reason: intrauterine medical procedures

The appearance of adhesions in the fallopian tubes contribute to intrauterine medical procedures such as abortion, insertion of intrauterine device (IUD). It happens that after an abortion the uterus is inflamed and the infection gets into the fallopian tube, forming them into spikes. Adhesions pull together, and then glue the walls of the fallopian tubes, preventing the passage of sperm to the eggs. Spikes are removed from the tube surgically.

Third reason: the surgical operations on the pelvic organs

No less important reason for the occurrence of adhesive processes in the fallopian tubes are surgical operations on the pelvic organs. Often during such operations allowed gross manipulation of tissue, there is a dryness of the tissues in the cavity of the body get blood clots and foreign bodies in the form of talc from the gloves of the surgeon or fiber swabs and gauze. Against the background of these operations, you may receive hypoxia or ischemia of the tissues, which, in turn, lead to the formation of adhesive processes in the fallopian tubes.

The fourth reason: endometriosis

Adhesive disease can be caused by endometriosis – a disease in which the lining of the uterus grows outside it, for example, in the ovaries and the fallopian tubes. This is true. A certain amount of menstrual blood can get through the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity. With good alignment, endometrial cells, located in the menstrual blood excreted from the abdominal cavity independently. If the immunity of a woman is broken, on the ground clots can form adhesions. Thus, the higher the intensity of the endometriosis, the higher the probability of occurrence of adhesions in the fallopian tubes.


If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is necessary to conduct adequate treatment, which is a key factor in solving the situation of infertility, and planning pregnancy. There are the following methods of treatment of adhesions in the fallopian tubes: anti-inflammatory therapy, physiotherapy, laparoscopy and removal of adhesions, together with the pipe. The choice of treatment remains with the attending physician.