How to grow cucumbers on a balcony
Growing cucumbers on the balcony often fond of elderly people, which is difficult to visit the suburban areas, but they have enough free time, take good care of the plants, therefore, can boast of significant achievements and good harvests Zelentsov. An important role in achieving this goal is played by the correct selection of varieties. Breeders displayed a lot of varieties and hybrids of cucumber for cultivation in a confined space, inaccessible to the bees.
Popular hybrids of cucumbers
Classic varieties are parthenocarpic (self-pollinating) hybrids that are guaranteed to produce a crop on the balcony, the balcony and even on the kitchen window: "April", "cuckoo". The disadvantages of these hybrids can be attributed to their low resistance to disease and a relatively short period of fruiting, as well as unsuitable for canning – these plants are good for fresh consumption. To stretch in time to produce a crop, you can plant cucumbers at intervals of 15-20 days. With the proper allocation of crops can be generate fresh cucumbers throughout the season.
Modern balcony grade
If you want to grow a good crop of cucumbers, suitable for pickling and canning, it is necessary to pay attention to modern hybrids cucumbers-gherkins. Among them we can mention the "cucumber City", "Balcony". The scourge of these plants are compact, growing bunches cucumbers – several pieces from a single sinus. Pickles feature miniature size, good taste; they are crunchy, flavorful, perfectly suited for laying in jars for the winter.
Larger fruits have a "Swallowtail" and "Blizzards", but their fruiting is quick to impact yield, so you need to regularly plant new plants. For larger balconies where there is no shortage of places suitable hybrids "Berendey", "emerald stream" quality Zelentsov excellent, fruiting stretched in time, but the length of the pipe does not allow to grow a large number of these plants. If the balcony most of the day is in the shade, it would suit shade-tolerant hybrids adapted to French conditions, "Mary", "Strutter", "Prestige", "Kosinski".
What variety or hybrid cucumbers or choose, they all need timely watering and fertilizing, which in confined spaces is even more relevant than when growing plants in the greenhouse. Especially for the balcony cucumbers in specialized stores you need to buy nutritious soil mixture, complex fertilizer, throughout the growing period, regularly feed the plants to get a good harvest.
Advice 2 : How to grow cucumbers "balcony miracle"
Growing cucumbers in the home is becoming more popular. Using the balcony space, it is possible by the end of spring to the table with fresh, crisp cucumbers.
For cucumbers more suited balconies and loggias oriented to the South-East or East. Balconies on the North side is worse than cold and poorly lit.
You can use for planting pots, boxes, vases, cut the neck of the plastic cylinders out of the water. In the lower part of the tank is necessary to make 4-5 holes to remove excess liquid.
The volume of the container in which you intend to raise cucumbers balcony should be about 5 liters. On one plant it is recommended to allocate 5 to 10 liters of volume. It is best to first plant one seed in plastic cups, and then, when they germinate, transplant into large pots (one pot, one plant). It is important to remember that cucumbers need plenty of water, so watering should be carried out regularly and to be generous. Fill the container with potting mixture should be to the upper edge of the remained 5-6 cm as shrinkage of the soil, it again will need to fill up to its former level.
For cucumbers any loose soil, but it should not be clay or sod-podzolic earth, riding or peat. The acidity of the soil should vary from 6.6 to 6.8. For its determination one should use pH-meter. Limed acidic soil by adding dolomite flour, lime, or chalk melcorazmashisty. At a pH of 6.2-6.5 should be 10 liters of soil to make 5 to 10 g of dolomite.
Preferred for planting cucumbers to use a prepared soil mix, limed and dressed with fertilizers.
Sowing and growing
In order to grow a decent crop of delicious cucumbers, choose for planting parthenocarpic or self-pollinated seeds for pollination do not require the assistance of bees. Cucumbers of these species belong to the class of precocious.
Optimal for germination of cucumber seeds is temperature 24-26 degrees above zero. When the weather's dry or germinated seeds can be sown directly into pots. If the weather is cool and unstable, it is better to plant on the balcony ready seedlings.
In the ground for a "balcony" of cucumbers, you can make supplements that hold moisture (agroel).
You need to sow seeds in well-moistened soil to a depth of about 2 cm on Top of them sprinkle sifted through a sieve of moist earth or peat. After germination the temperature should be maintained at 20-24 degrees. Higher temperatures may lead to stretching.
Fertilize the seedlings 1-2 times, in the phase of the second and third true leaf. For this, suitable water-soluble complex mineral fertilizer (2 g per 1 liter of water).