The causes of bronchitis
Agents of bronchitis can be streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, adenoviruses, influenza viruses and parainfluenza viruses, chlamydia, fungi. Acute bronchitis often develops as a result of joining of acute respiratory disease secondary microbial flora that live in the respiratory tract.
The main symptoms of acute infectious bronchitis – wheezing, shortness of breath, cough. It can be dry, without sputum discharge and wet when you're clearing your throat of mucus. In most instances, bronchitis starts with a paroxysmal dry cough, accompanied by headache and unpleasant sensations in the chest. Expectoration gradually joins, the condition of the patient slightly improved. In addition, the patient is concerned about the high fever, increased weakness, sweating.
Unfortunately, such clear symptoms of bronchitis are not always. There may be occasions when the diagnosis raises some difficulties for doctors. This often occurs in debilitated patients, children, the elderly, when the clinical picture is blurry and treatment is delayed. In such cases, the correct diagnosis helps the auscultation of the chest, laboratory tests of blood, urine, sputum and x-ray examination.
What is dangerous bronchitis
Acute bronchitis requires timely access to a doctor and serious medical treatment because of this condition rather quickly can become chronic, cause pneumonia, emphysema and obstruction of the bronchi. Emphysema develops respiratory distress, which leads to increased formation of mucus in the bronchi. This in turn contributes to the development of asthma.
When bronchial obstruction is imperforate inner surface connective tissue. In this case, they lose their elasticity, leading to pulmonary insufficiency and arterial hypertension. Subsequently, irreversible changes in the heart is hypertrophy of the right atrium and ventricle, the blood is unable in the proper amount to circulate in a small circle of blood circulation. As a result, develops angina, renal and heart failure. Other serious complications can be bronchitis and bronchial pneumonia, pulmonary fibrosis, malignant neoplasm of the lung tissue.
Treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis should be comprehensive and include antibiotic therapy, receiving immunomodulators, vitamins. An important role plays the correct physiotherapy treatment. In addition, it is necessary to control the composition of blood, urine, pulmonary and cardiac activity. We must not forget that self-medication can be dangerous.