The most common cause of acute bronchitis is a bacterial or viral infection. Usually the infection occurs through airborne droplets when sneezing, coughing. It all starts with the common cold or flu, then an infection, if left untreated, descends into the bronchi.
The main symptom of bronchitis is a cough. In the early days it is dry, hacking, paroxysmal, with a small amount of sputum difficult to spit. The cough is worse at night, depriving the patient of sleep, and the condition is somewhat improved. After a few days the cough becomes wet, begins to stand out phlegm, it is usually grey, yellow or greenish color.
Also patients worried about shortness of breath, weakness, sweating, chest pain when coughing and deep breath. Body temperature is usually low, but may rise to 38-39 degrees. Acute bronchitis is usually easy to treat and takes place for 10-12 days in case of improper treatment can become chronic.
Cause of chronic bronchitis may also be prolonged exposure to bronchial irritants such as dust, tobacco smoke, inhalation of toxic substances. Patients concerned about constant or recurrent cough with sputum, shortness of breath. In cases if the cough persists for months or sputum is blood, it is necessary to refer to the pulmonologist for consultation.
In some cases, due to mucosal edema, the obstruction of the lumen of the bronchi and develops obstructive bronchitis. The disease is similar to asthma, cough in such cases, paroxysmal, with a small amount of sputum, which separates with great difficulty. Obstructive bronchitis usually develops in people with allergies, smokers with big experience of Smoking, people working in hazardous industries, where the use of toxic substances.
Bronchitis treatment is assigned a doctor, no self-medication should not be. Recommended polupostelny mode, plentiful warm drink (tea with raspberry, honey), warm alkaline mineral water, rubbing camphor oil (as antitussives warming means).
In the room where the patient is advised to maintain high humidity, it will dramatically improve his condition. For this purpose, special humidifiers, or you can just hang wet sheets or towels. Smokers are advised to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked. The doctor prescribed antibiotics, drugs that enhance the bronchi, and cough drops.