Bronchitis: basic information about the disease, its causes
Bronchitis is a disease of an infectious nature, manifested by a diffuse inflammation of the bronchi. The disease is classified as acute and chronic. If in the first case, the disease is not more than 3 weeks in the second, the symptoms of bronchitis can occur within 2 years. Disease, symptoms of which are complemented by shortness of breath, called obstructive bronchitis.
The infectious nature of the disease is due to the activity of pathogens – viral, bacterial or atypical. Among the major bacterial pathogens include Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and pneumococcus, viral – parainfluenza, influenza virus, adenovirus, etc. By the atypical agents of bronchitis are chlamydia and Mycoplasma. In rare cases, cause the development of bronchitis is a fungal infection.
First signs bronchitis
The acute course of the disease begins with inflammation of the bronchi caused by hypothermia. Patient complains of General malaise, slight fever, cough, runny nose, muscle pain and sore throat.
Within 10 days of folk healers recommend to use a mixture of ground onion with honey, prepared in a ratio of 1: 1. The remedy should be taken morning and evening for 1 tablespoon.
In chronic bronchitis occurring with prolonged respiratory irritation, experts reveal the progressive loss of the bronchial and respiratory lung. A vivid sign of chronic bronchitis is cough, long time passing long period of time and accompanied by expectoration. Join him weak and sweating, shortness of breath and wheezing while breathing, fever.
How many days should be treated the bronchitis?
To prevent the development of undesirable effects, for treatment of bronchitis should be treated responsibly, respecting the bed or polupostelny mode. If you disregard this rule, the disease will take a chronic course or cause heart complications.
Any drugs, specialists prescribe at least 10 days, calculating dosages based on the patient's age. First, the patient is recommended the administration of antibacterial drugs – derivatives of penicillin, macrolides, cephalosporins and respiratory fluoroquinolones.
To cope with bronchitis for 10 days, the drug begins to act, or Fenspiride, which has anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect. It is prescribed even for children up to 1 year.For mild to moderate form of the disease allowed the medication is released in the form of tablets, syrups, suspensions. In complicated bronchitis the drug is administered intramuscularly. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe a combined drug administration.
If the bronchitis was triggered by a virus, antibiotic treatment is supplemented by administration of antiviral drugs that are also taken at least 10 days. However, any therapy would be incomplete without the use of expectorants. Their method of production is different – it is powders, syrups, tablets, conventional and effervescent. Take an expectorant too, 10 days, and the dosage the doctor prescribes taking into account body weight and age of the patient.