Advice 1: What are the names of all the cervical vertebrae

The cervical spine is one of the five divisions of the spine, which consists of seven vertebrae. Is the most moveable in the body for small loads. In international standards the vertebrae of the cervical spine can be designated as C1 – C7, but among them there are two unique vertebrae, which have their own name.
Cervical spine
Instruction
1
The first vertebra, C1, called the atlas (atlas). Named in honor of the Titan of Atlanta, who is holding the sky. And if he is holding the skull. In fact, Atlanta is the only link with the rest of the spine. Has no body, and is actually a ring, consisting of two arcs: front and rear, connected by the lateral masses and two side formations. To the occipital hole is attached with the help of the condyles, and below its articular surface is almost flat. On the rear arch has a small depression, which docked tooth of the second vertebra. Is very a vertebral foramen, in the event of abrupt movements and small movements, which can then be followed, no damage to the spinal cord.
2
The second vertebra – C2, is called epistrophe (axis). Unique in that during the formation of the skeleton during the embryonic period, the body of the first vertebra adheres to it, forming the so-called tooth. On the top of the tooth located anterior and posterior articular surfaces, the front connects with the hole on Atlanta, and the rear with its transverse ligament. Around him and moving Atlas with the occipital bone, as if on its axis, so it is called the axis vertebra. The spinous process are very strong and big, much bigger than the rest of the cervical vertebrae.
3
The third, fourth, fifth and sixth vertebrae – C3, C4, C5, C6 have their own names (vertebra cervicalis). In fact, they are no different from each other, so they just call them by ordinal, for example, the fourth vertebra, the sixth vertebra. Since the cervical vertebrae are no large pressures, they are small and have low body, which explains the high probability of injury of the spine. Each of them has a nearly triangular a vertebral foramen, transverse processes have a hole through which passes the vertebral artery. The ends of the transverse processes have two tubercles: front and rear. The anterior tubercle of the sixth vertebra is slightly better developed, so during heavy bleeding it can be pressed against the common carotid artery. Spinous processes of these four vertebrae are relatively short.
4
The seventh vertebra – C7 his name is not, but for small differences in the structure it is called a protruding vertebra (vertebra prominens). As it has a very long spinous process that is easily detectable through the skin, and it is used for counting vertebrae with surveys of patients. Otherwise, its structure is almost completely identical to the previous four vertebrae.
Useful advice
Conditionally emit the occipital part of the skull in part of the cervical vertebrae and is called the "zero" vertebra – C0.

Advice 2: How to straighten the cervical vertebrae

With a sharp flexion and extension of the neck, you may get a dislocation or subluxation of the cervical vertebrae. Typically, the victim feels a click. The slightest head movement causes pain, which can spread to the forearm and wrist. In this situation it is necessary to straighten the cervical vertebrae.
How to straighten the cervical vertebrae
Instruction
1
First and foremost, you need to consult a neurologist. With the spine not kidding! If you self-medicate such an injury, you risk making things worse.
2
Neurologist but the appointment of drugs will recommend you to straighten the vertebra. And then there may be a problem. This procedure is unlikely to hold in a conventional clinic. Neither the surgeon, nor a neurologist, as a rule, don't mend the vertebrae. They have no experience of such treatment, as a few of their other specialty. Looking for a chiropractor or an experienced chiropractor. In every city you can find such a professional.Of course, the treatment will take several sessions and cost will be expensive, but you are guaranteed to get rid of the problem.
3
Before you can fix cervical vertebra go through the cat scan or x-ray. They will help to determine the nature of the injury.
4
Examination is necessary to make sure that we are not talking about the displacement of the vertebrae. The reason for the displacement often lies in childhood. The spine is still fragile, and improper posture or significant physical activity is the displacement of individual vertebrae. This disease does not require repositioning of the vertebrae.
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If the survey showed that you have a dislocation or subluxation of the cervical vertebra - do not tighten with treatment. Try to quickly bring your spine back in order. Complications can be very serious. These include: a complication of view, neuralgia, cramps, myositis of the neck. Possible loss of sensation of the fingers and unilateral paralysis. Especially often, such diseases are accompanied by subluxation of the vertebra. It does not manifest itself in clinical symptoms, and you may not know of the existence of this problem. So, take your time and periodically screened of the spine.
Note
Spine (columna vertebralis; spinal column synonym). In complicated luxations after their elimination is carried out the exhaust with a loop of Gleason. Chronic sprains of the right by the constant skeletal traction, less (in complicated luxations) use the forced traction.
Useful advice
Try to do everything carefully. With an understanding of the process. If there is no understanding, reread the articles on this topic. 6. The process of reposition of the vertebrae to produce better on the exhale. 7. There are cases when to set yourself vertebrae impossible. 8. If you have a hernia or complex scoliosis, try to avoid techniques with twisting of the spine.

Advice 3: How to insert the vertebrae

The human spine consists of 33-34 vertebrae. 24 belong to the cervical, thoracic and lumbar, and the rest form the sacrum and the coccyx. The displacement of the vertebrae relative to each other is spondylolisthesis, in which vertebrae can move forward or backward. The initial form of the disease has no symptoms, so diagnosis is at a late stage when the patient begins to feel pain or symptoms of "off the vertebrae". Over time, the symptoms worse.
How to insert the vertebrae
Instruction
1
If you feel that the vertebrae are "off" or the painful sensation, tightness, disturbed coordination, immediately call your doctor. You will diagnose. The quality of diagnosis is radiography in multiple projections, which allows to make an accurate diagnosis and begin treatment, as well as computer and magnetic resonance tomography.
2
Do not try to straighten themselves displaced vertebrae, do not stretch, massage, do not try to fix the position of the exercise. It is dangerous not only for your health, but for life. Only a doctor can prescribe appropriate therapy, which will lead to positive results and avoid serious complications and problems.
3
You may be given surgical or conservative treatment. Conservative treatment involves a set of procedures that allows you to get the vertebrae back in place. The most effective method is vibrocompressed on the "Urgana" or drawing on the VDU.
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If the displacement of the vertebrae damaged or jammed nerve endings, you will be assigned a radio frequency trigeminal rhizotomy, which will ease the pain and allow for alternative therapy or to prepare for surgery.
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You will also prescribe acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, if necessary, massage and medical gymnastics under the supervision of a specialist.
6
The operational method can assign the ineffectiveness of alternative medicine. If you are scheduled for surgery, do not give up, so another method to insert the vertebrae in place there. You will have a spinal fusion, using for building staples, screws or rods.
7
After any treatment you will undergo repeated examinations, the constant wearing of the corset, the restriction on heavy lifting, physical exercises to strengthen muscular system.
Note
Better to start with lower back and slowly ride it from the coccyx to the head, strictly taking care that the roller is located across the spine. Down the vertebra immediately feel in this place of pain. You've got to stop, literally prostrate on the cushion (a log) and roll back and forth. But to put the vertebrae in place is half the battle, they should be fixed. And for this we need to do special exercises daily for 2 months and then 2-3 times a week.
Useful advice
Here's how to TRY to put in place the vertebrae independently (provided that side is not of the masseur, whose hands grow from there, where necessary. And head who thinks normal) From each vertebra to the left and right away motor nerves to a specific body providing the management of the Central nervous system.And if this management is broken due to pinching of a nerve shift in the direction of the vertebrae,functioning,performance (RS) that the "disabled" body reduced to 2 or 15%, depending on where the displaced vertebra.

Advice 4: How to treat a pinched cervical nerve

A pinched cervical nerve may be associated with osteochondrosis. A very serious disease and requires treatment by the doctor-neurologist and under his direct control. Self-treatment can lead to progression of the disease and serious complications.
How to treat a pinched cervical nerve
You will need
  • - medications prescribed by a doctor;
  • - the locking collar;
  • orthopedic pillow and mattress.
Instruction
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The first symptom of pinched nerve is sharp or nagging pain when turning the head, the patient is forced to turn whole body to look in any direction. Often the body temperature rises to the level of 37.2-37.5 degrees, are headache, dizziness, General malaise. If you have these symptoms, immediately consult a neurologist.
2
You will appoint treatment, which will primarily be aimed at eliminating inflammation and pain. Will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in pill or injection, ointment for external use. Most often to relieve pain and inflammation prescribed "Ketonal", "Piroxicam", "Indometacin", "Diclofenac", "Movalis". As anesthetics: "Baralgin", "Ketorol", analgin.
3
Below the cervical spine was in a state of complete rest, you will recommend wearing a retainer collar which you can purchase in specialized pharmacies in your area.
4
When pinched cervical nerve is very difficult to sleep. Take light sedative herbs: motherwort, peppermint, lemon balm, St. John's wort, Valerian.
5
After removing the acute phase of the disease will prescribe electrophoresis, massage, acupuncture, ozone therapy, manual therapy, leech therapy, medical gymnastics.
6
Also, be sure to write the b vitamins in injectable or tablet form for oral administration.
7
The entire course of treatment avoid high physical loads, follow all recommendations of your doctor. After treatment you will prescribe medications, restoring the cartilage tissue, for example, "symptoms", "Tarafleks".
8
For the prevention of pinched nerve use for sleeping orthopedic pillow and mattress, control your posture while working at the computer, while watching TV, while reading and writing. Reduce weight lifting, do daily morning exercises.

Advice 5: How to transport newborn

To carry newborn children in the car need to be very cautious, this requires a special device or cradle. The younger the child, the most fragile. And the head of the newborn is quite heavy, is 25% of total body weight. Neck muscles are developed rather poorly, so to transport the newborn need to head in the direction of motion, so during hard braking, not to damage the cervical vertebrae.
Take care of the safety of a newborn baby.
You will need
  • - Car cradle or car seat.
Instruction
1
To carry a newborn baby in a special car cradle, which is installed in the back seat perpendicular to the movement of the car. The cradle is fixed with the car belt. The child in the cradle is also attached fitted in the cradle with seat belts. Great advantage car cradles that the baby lies horizontally, contributing to the normal respiration of a newborn. It is not advisable to carry the baby in the cradle, which comes complete with a stroller, she's not strong enough and will not provide adequate child safety in the car.
2
Also carry newborn children in a special children's car seat, which attaches to the seat belts. The chair is set at an inclination of 45 degrees with the backrest during movement. The child is secured in the seat restraint straps. For additional fixing of the head to use special rollers, which are placed on two sides of the newborn baby. In any case, do not place them under the baby's head cushion or cushions, may contribute to a fall in the head, and it is fraught with damage to the vertebrae of the cervical or respiratory arrest.
Useful advice
Don't carry newborn babies on the hands, it does not guarantee safety.
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