Cysts are of two types: functional and nonfunctional. 70% of all ovarian cysts functional. They include cysts luteum and follicular. Functional is a benign tumor. It often happens that the cysts themselves may disappear, for example, cysts of yellow body usually regress within one menstrual cycle. Nonfunctional cysts are dermoid and endometrioid cysts, they can be malignant and degenerate into a cancerous process.
Diagnosis of ovarian cysts may spend only a gynecologist. This manual is the study if the tumor size is large enough, then discover it through the abdominal wall. Besides manual testing, ultrasonic diagnostics, computer tomography and laparoscopy. You can also do a General blood test to exclude inflammatory process. Of consultation of specialists is assigned the visit to the endocrinologist or the gynecologist-endocrinologist. This is because many cysts are hormone dependent.
To treat this process can be conservative, and you can quickly. Initially, the gynecologist is likely to choose expectant: the cyst will be observed by periodically conducting surveys. If it does not increase in size, to treat it medically. If the tumor grows, it should be removed. But leave the cyst completely unattended, because it can grow or be complicated.
In favorable cases, the cysts are treated with medication. Administrated therapy of female hormones, under the influence of which the tumor is significantly reduced and sometimes entirely disappear. Besides hormonal medications to regulate the menstrual cycle and overall hormonal balance. Also assigned a course of reception of vitamins and minerals, especially folic acid, which is essential for the health of the female reproductive system. Antibiotics in the treatment of cysts do not apply, because the tumor is not an infectious disease, and antibiotics can be a point of application.
Surgically remove the cyst if it grows in size, disturb the function of adjacent organs and does not respond to hormone therapy. Also performed immediate surgery, if there is suspicion of complications. Complications include: malignizatiou (starts when malignant degeneration), ruptured ovarian cyst (when the wall of the cyst is damaged, and its contents poured into the pelvic cavity), torsion of the cyst on the leg (if the cyst has a mushroom shape and is located on a thin base). The last two complications are very dangerous to the development of peritonitis — inflammation of the mesentery, which is very hard. So the ovarian cyst need to watch regularly visit the gynecologist and take the survey.
Advice 2: How to treat a cyst of the corpus luteum
Luteum is a temporary formation, which appears in the ovary after ovulation at the site of the ruptured follicle. Women of childbearing age are susceptible to this disease as the cyst of yellow body.
Stage of development of the corpus luteum
Each yellow body with the normal functioning of the body passes through the following stages of development:
- multiplication of cells of the ruptured follicle that begins after ovulation;
- growth into the tissue of the blood vessels;
- increasing the yellow body up to two inches and the active development of them female hormones (estrogen and progesterone);
- scarring of the body and gradual transformation of it into a white body.
When the ovaries are working violations, formed functional, follicular, cysts of yellow body.
A follicular cyst is formed when there is rupture of the follicle with release of oocyte, and it is on the contrary, thickens and grows.
Luteum cyst occurs when period after ovulation the follicle is filled with fluid, instead of the cells of the corpus luteum. The size of the cyst can reach from two to seven inches in diameter. Cyst size up to three inches is called cystic yellow body.
Functional cysts develop symptoms and also disappears. The cause of the different cysts is a hormonal imbalance that can occur when taking hormonal medication, heavy physical and psychological stress, eating disorders and due to genital infections.
Danger cysts yellow body
Usually this disease does not care. To suspect that this cyst can be felt dragging pain in the abdomen or in violation of the menstrual cycle.
Pregnant women luteum cyst is diagnosed with ultrasound. In the early stages of this education is considered the norm, as the hormone produced by the cyst, helps to preserve pregnancy.
Risk of cyst complications that can occur during physical exertion, rapid sexual intercourse, or from the sudden movement. Cyst rupture is accompanied by profuse bleeding. At this point it is necessary to provide timely medical assistance.
Suspect rupture of the cyst can if there is a sudden abdominal pain, nausea, dizziness and vomiting.
Treatment of cysts luteum
Treatment for hormonal contraceptives, which are selected after passing the blood test for hormones. All medicines are selected individually by a specialist.
Usually three months of treatment for complete disappearance of the disease. In the case where no medical treatment has positive results, is assigned to the surgical method. If the disease is severe, we recommend removal of the corpus luteum part of ovary or the complete removal of the ovary.
Advice 3: How to get pregnant in follicular cyst
Follicular cyst of ovary is a benign neoplasm that develops from the dominant follicle in the absence of ovulation. Most often, the cyst appears in adolescent girls and women of childbearing age.
The reason for the formation of follicular cysts is a disturbance of neuro-endocrine regulation of functions of sexual glands, resulting in increases blood levels of estrogen. With an excess of these hormones, ovulation does not occur and the follicle grows and becomes a cyst. Delay of menstruation during follicular ovarian cyst can be quite lengthy. On average it is 1 month. Since the cyst appears due to the lack of ovulation, pregnancy is impossible. Ovulation may occur in the second ovary, in this case women have a chance to conceive naturally.
To determine the days most likely to conceive, track your basal body temperature for several cycles. A few days before ovulation the basal temperature needs to fall to the lowest level (35,9-36,2 ° C), then it rises to 37 o C and above, and kept for 3 days in a row. In this period there is an exit into the abdominal cavity of the egg, ready for fertilization. Studies have proven that the probability of getting pregnant varies from 10% at conception for 5 days. before ovulation up to 30% in the case of conceiving the day of ovulation. The egg is fertilized by sperm, after ovulation day is impossible.
A follicular cyst is not a contraindication for in vitro fertilization (IVF), as in preparation for the procedure hormone therapy. When you restore the balance of hormones follicular formation, as a rule, disappear. If the cyst does not prevent pregnancy in the future, requires regular visits to the doctor. The tumor did not touch, if it's not growing, and its size does not exceed 3-4 cm (in diameter). In most cases, the cyst resolves on their own and never passes into the cancerous form. Serious complication the follicular cysts in pregnant women is ovarian torsion. With the development of this pathology requires urgent surgery which can cause abortion.
If the cysts appeared in both ovaries, a woman can get pregnant can't, in this case, you need treatment. Often used by expectant. In this case, the limit treatment is regular observation for 2-3 cycles, tracing changes in the size of tumors using ultrasound. Cyst not more than 6 cm in diameter resolved in 2-3 months, this process can be supplemented by a treatment of folk remedies, homeopathy. To stimulate regression of such cysts may be assigned to physiotherapy: magnetotherapy, electromagnetic, phonophoresis, SMT-phoresis.
For the treatment of follicular cysts of large size is prescribed oral contraceptives to be taken within 2 months. These drugs are used after blood tests for hormones (FSH, LH, estrogen, progesterone). May be appointed anti-inflammatory therapy, vitamin therapy. With the progression of the cyst the use of surgical treatment using laparoscopy. After the treatment, ovarian function recovered, and the woman can become pregnant.
Advice 4: How often can I give antibiotics
The antibiotics made a huge contribution to the fight against severe bacterial infections, complications of diseases and injuries. Thanks to them, managed to save many human lives. Maybe that is why non-medical people began to consider them almost as a panacea for all ills. But antibiotics can be applied not always.
Antibiotics, like any drug, have contraindications. Furthermore, the drugs are harmful to the intestinal flora. So use them only as directed by your doctor, strictly following his recommendations.
How often to take antibiotics? The answer to this question depends on many factors: the type of antibiotic, the nature and severity of the disease, General health status, other medications, etc. the Frequency of the reception set by your doctor.
In order for antimicrobial activity was expressed as efficiently as possible, it is necessary that during the entire treatment period in the body is maintained a sufficient concentration of the drug. Take the antibiotics as many times per day as indicated by the attending physician. Or, if for some reason you are taking it without a doctor's prescription – as stated in the abstract.
Try to take a antibiotic (pill or injection) with such frequency, that between the receptions took place the same number of hours. For example, if you specify to take the drug twice a day at 8: 00 and from 20: 00 or at 9: 00 and 21-00. This is very important. Of course, you can take a pill or a shot with little deviation from the schedule (within, say, 15-20 minutes), but it is better to be accurate. Otherwise, the concentration of antibiotic in the body may fall to a level below the acceptable value.
Do not repeat the typical mistake many patients are treated not in hospital and at home. With a marked improvement of health, they start to take the antibiotics less often or even stop taking: why the extra pills or injections, because it clearly was on the mend. A result of an infection, not fully suppressed by the antibiotic, may again spread throughout the body. Remember: do not self medicate. Reduce the duration of antibiotic treatment only on doctor's advice.
If you are prescribed antibiotics and you are already taking other drugs, be sure to discuss this with your doctor. Maybe some drugs will have to temporarily opt out or post the schedule of their admission that they do not combine with antibiotics.
Advice 5: How to treat a dysbacteriosis after antibiotics
Treatment of dysbiosisthat often occurs after receiving antibiotics, it is impossible to do on your own - this can be done only by a doctor. But the patient should know the main stages and methods of therapy of this disease.
For the treatment of dysbiosis, which is characterized by the violation of the microflora of the intestineand the doctor will probably prescribe probiotics - preparations containing live microorganisms of the normal microflora of a healthy person. The purpose of this treatment is to restore the impaired reception of antibiotics the balance of bacteria in your gastrointestinal tract. By doing to your intestines, normal microorganisms will begin to multiply rapidly and destroy the existing bacteria.
You need to know what probiotics are available in 2 forms - liquid and dry. The first category includes the following common probiotics: Lactobacterin, Bifidumbacterin, hilak-Forte, Biovestin lactée, and among the most often prescribed by physicians dry probiotic Linex, and bactisubtil probifor. Before prescribing these medications speak with your doctor, probiotics what shape you would prefer to take. Liquid medicines of this group are considered to be more effective and useful, but you need to keep them in the refrigerator only that may not always be convenient for the working person.
An important factor in the treatment of dysbiosisarising after reception of antibiotics, is diet. It will be easier to cope with this disease, if you give up foods with spices, mushrooms, garlic, smoked meats, pickles, sorrel, onions, spinach, chocolate, carbonated beverages, ice cream and sour fruit. Do not eat sweets and sweet products that may cause in your intestinal tract is the fermentation process. During the treatment period, which usually lasts less than 10 days, your menu must contain milk products, dairy products, vegetables and sweet fruits. You can also include in your diet lean meat and bread with bran. A good therapeutic effect than having applesauce that is recommended to use several times a day.
Advice 6: Why antibiotics can not drink alcohol
While antibiotics are often recommended to completely abandon the consumption of alcoholic beverages, arguing that the possibility of poisoning, reduce the effectiveness of drugs, increasing the load on the liver. In principle, alcohol, and antibiotics – harmful. But the horrors of their joint reception somewhat exaggerated.
The effect of antabuse
Antabus (disulfiram) – a drug for the treatment of alcoholism. The patient taking the drug, give to drink small amounts of alcohol. The resulting weak disulfiram-ethanol reaction increases the blood levels of acetaldehyde. This connection provokes toxic poisoning, manifested by nausea, vomiting, redness of the skin, decreased blood pressure, tachycardia, headache. So, the body produces a negative conditional reflex to alcohol intake.
There are groups of antibiotics that can interfere in the metabolism of alcohol and cause disulfiramopodobna reaction. These include the antibiotics of the group of nitroimidazoles (tinidazole, metronidazole), cephalosporins of the third generation (cefamandol, cefotetan, cefoperazone, moxalactam) and preparations of other groups: levomitsetin, bactrim, Biseptol, co-trimoxazole, ketoconazole, nizoral, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.
In the treatment of any other antibiotics the effect of antabuse were noted. The degree disulfiramum the reaction, furthermore, highly dependent on the dose of alcohol taken. At very high amounts of alcohol status antabuse can result in death, and at moderate it flows easier.
Blow to the liver
Alcohol and most drugs, in themselves, adversely affect the liver. But a significant increase in hepatotoxicity with concurrent use of antibiotics and alcohol is not observed.
The effect of alcohol on the therapeutic effect of antibiotics
Present in blood ethanol can have a significant impact on the effect of antibiotics and do not play a significant role. However, the vast majority of antibacterial drugs do not reduce their pharmacological effectiveness. With the exception of antibiotics tetracycline group.
It is important to keep in mind that many antibacterial agents containing the abovementioned substances, can have completely different trade names. Before you make a decision about accepting even small doses of alcohol, in any case, it is useful to read the summary to the drug. The interaction of alcohol and antibiotics, it will probably be reflected.
Advice 7: How to give children antibiotics
Some bacteria present in our body can cause infectious diseases treated frequently with antibiotics. No exception is children. Only to help, not to harm the child, you must know how to give the baby.
Before you give your child antibiotics, ask your doctor about the following: - whether the drug side effects, if Yes, how to avoid them and to help the child when necessary;- how many times a day to give drug, after a period of time before or after a meal;- in what dosages to administer the drug (this depends not only on preparation but also the age and weight of the child).
Remember that antibiotics are not a universal remedy for all diseases. They do not treat viral infections: colds, influenza, SARS, measles, rubella, cough, acute bronchitis, sore throat in addition to strep throat and some intestinal diseases. So, if your baby is suddenly sick with the flu or a cold, don't run to the pharmacy for antibiotics. Drugs not only do not help, but can cause even greater harm.
Giving the child an antibiotic, be sure to pay attention to how it will work. The child should improve health, to lower the temperature of and appear appetite. Don't let the child together with antibiotics, antipyretic drugs.
Do not interrupt the treatment even if the child has become a better feel. 2-3 days of taking the drug antibiotics can kill only some bacteria and the other part will remain and will reproduce. This can lead to a new disease to treat which will be much harder.
Let's medicine to a child at a certain time. Accurately measure the required dose of the drug. Never let the child more or less prescribed by a doctor medications.
Typically, for young children antibiotics come in the form of a sweet syrup with a measuring spoon or syringe. If a drug is tableted, take the necessary part of the pill crush it into a powder in a teaspoon, add a small amount of water and give the child.
At the time of antibiotics include in the diet yogurt, this will help to avoid dysbiosis. Babies often put to the breast, and the child is not breastfeeding let's mix with probiotics.
Never self-medicate. To make an accurate diagnosis and determine the right antibiotics to treat the child, you can not. It is, therefore, a question ask for help to the doctor.
Advice 8: How to take the antibiotic
Antibacterial therapy is prescribed by a doctor after the tests and on the basis of complaints of the patient. Antibiotics are inactive against the virus and some germs. They should take just in case, if the high temperature does not fall more than 5 days. To drink powerful drugs are not without consultation with a specialist. Antibiotics damage the intestinal flora, but does not always help to defeat some of the disease, as they should take in combination with other drugs. To self-medicate is impossible, it is fraught with serious consequences.
Drink pill of the drug before eating, drinking plenty of fluids. Drink an antibiotic in the dose that the doctor prescribed, twice a day. If you are prescribed antibiotics of prolonged action, take it once a day, preferably at the same time.
Eat 30 minutes after taking the drug, if this is not done, it may lead to nausea. Try not to eat fatty foods.
Try not to be in the sun during the period of the course of antibiotic therapy because they can form various spots on the skin.
Common antibiotics take depending on the disease and recovery process, mostly 5-7 days, and in serious cases, 14 days. Prolonged drug drink 3-6 days, depending on the physician.
After a course of antibiotics, take bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria. They restore the microflora.