Cysts are of two types: functional and nonfunctional. 70% of all ovarian cysts functional. They include cysts luteum and follicular. Functional is a benign tumor. It often happens that the cysts themselves may disappear, for example, cysts of yellow body usually regress within one menstrual cycle. Nonfunctional cysts are dermoid and endometrioid cysts, they can be malignant and degenerate into a cancerous process.
Diagnosis of ovarian cysts may spend only a gynecologist. This manual is the study if the tumor size is large enough, then discover it through the abdominal wall. Besides manual testing, ultrasonic diagnostics, computer tomography and laparoscopy. You can also do a General blood test to exclude inflammatory process. Of consultation of specialists is assigned the visit to the endocrinologist or the gynecologist-endocrinologist. This is because many cysts are hormone dependent.
To treat this process can be conservative, and you can quickly. Initially, the gynecologist is likely to choose expectant: the cyst will be observed by periodically conducting surveys. If it does not increase in size, to treat it medically. If the tumor grows, it should be removed. But leave the cyst completely unattended, because it can grow or be complicated.
In favorable cases, the cysts are treated with medication. Administrated therapy of female hormones, under the influence of which the tumor is significantly reduced and sometimes entirely disappear. Besides hormonal medications to regulate the menstrual cycle and overall hormonal balance. Also assigned a course of reception of vitamins and minerals, especially folic acid, which is essential for the health of the female reproductive system. Antibiotics in the treatment of cysts do not apply, because the tumor is not an infectious disease, and antibiotics can be a point of application.
Surgically remove the cyst if it grows in size, disturb the function of adjacent organs and does not respond to hormone therapy. Also performed immediate surgery, if there is suspicion of complications. Complications include: malignizatiou (starts when malignant degeneration), ruptured ovarian cyst (when the wall of the cyst is damaged, and its contents poured into the pelvic cavity), torsion of the cyst on the leg (if the cyst has a mushroom shape and is located on a thin base). The last two complications are very dangerous to the development of peritonitis — inflammation of the mesentery, which is very hard. So the ovarian cyst need to watch regularly visit the gynecologist and take the survey.