Where did our calendar
Emperor Peter I borrowed a lot from Europe: shaving beards, Smoking, regular army, but the global it innovation was the change in the calendar system. The date that we now consider the beginning of the new year, began to consider from the first of January 1700. Before the revolution 17 years after the reference date were told "after Christmas" and there is a fundamental difference between the new era from what it was earlier, when it was considered "the creation of the world".
The interesting thing is that the European chronology, borrowed by Peter the great, and in Europe itself was not taken immediately, and at the end of the XVI century by decree of Pope Gregory.
Introduced by the Bolsheviks date in "new style" that we use now is precisely the chronology of the Gregorian calendar.
Only since 1582, Europe is celebrating the New Year in this way.
One of the charges made against the Copernican the Inquisition, was his disagreement with the introduction of calculating dates from the birth of Christ.
As informed previously thought
How were era in Russia until January of 1700, usually called the "old calendar". But it is fundamentally wrong opinion. The Church could not calculate the date on the pagan calendar, so numbered years on the same principle as in the Byzantine Empire, from which Russia and it's Orthodox. The country, which is our spiritual progenitor, counted from the creation. According to the Byzantine calendar Christ was born through the 5508 years after the creation of Adam.
In the chronology repeatedly interfered policy. For example, the Antioch Church believed that Christ was born 8 years earlier, and Byzantine date adopted only for the convenience of calculating the date of the occurrence of Easter.
With the date of onset of New Year in Russia were also discrepancies: the Church believed that it's coming September 1, and according to the civil calendar year began with March 25, the day of creation by God the first woman eve.
March 25 celebrates the Annunciation – the date when the virgin Mary learned that the birth of Christ.Peter, with his characteristic straightforwardness, decided the matter simply by bringing all to a common denominator – first of January.
Well, what year is it?
If you want to know what year the old Slavonic calendar, then add to the current date or 5500 5508 (figure, more correct historically). Turns out that we do not live in 2014 and 7522 year. Well, the one who gave us these winter holidays, 7180 was born in the year of the creation of the World.