A few years ago at the Grand balls ladies fascinated gentlemen sparkling, unusually expressive eyes. Their pupils were wide open. For cosmetic reasons ladies used "Atropine", burying him in the eye.
In Soviet times, "Atropine" is widely used in ophthalmology. But today it is almost abandoned. "Atropine" is a lot of disadvantages. Importantly, the effect of the drug is very long, the pupils do not constrict from three to ten days, and all this time people vaguely see. Besides, "Atropine" – many contraindications, so its use alone is simply unacceptable.
Today, there are a series of drugs that are devoid of these shortcomings and – most importantly – less toxic. Dilates the pupils for a short time, and reduces the intraocular pressure "Eririn". Therefore, these drops are for diagnostics and for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases.
But "Eritrina" there are downsides. These drops it is impossible to treat older people with serious pathologies of brain vessels, of the heart. They can cause pressure rise, arrhythmias. Children under the age of 12 years the drug is also not buried.
Very important information: all drop-mydriatic is contraindicated in most forms of glaucoma! Therefore, the use of these drugs is necessary to measure the intraocular pressure.
Well tolerated by patients "Mydriacyl (Mydrum", "Tropikamid"). Pupils are maximally increase after 15-20 minutes. And narrowed about three hours. It is very convenient as visual acuity and full human performance recover fairly quickly. Instilled with the drug for adults and children.
However, "Mydriacyl" should be used cautiously if increased intraocular pressure or there is inflammation of the ocular apparatus. It is undesirable to use it at a deep enough anterior chamber.
Similarly, there are and drop the "Zycloned". It should not be confused with drops "Cipromed" – is an antibiotic that treat infections of the eye! Drug "Cyclamed" dilates the pupils for a longer time, from 6 to 12 hours or even longer.
There is a "Ticlaumeda" and limitations. It should be carefully administered during the treatment of the elderly and children up to three years. Allowed the appointment of "Ticlaumeda" pregnant and lactating women. In the presence of the adenoma of prostate, intestinal obstruction better to give him.
"Mezaton" too "long-playing" drop. Instructions you may not use them in hypertension, atherosclerosis, pancreatitis, hepatitis, pregnancy and lactation.
"Applid plus" is one of the most fast-acting drugs. Pupils dilate literally five minutes after instillation and are in such condition one to two hours, depending on the concentration of the solution. A narrow five to six hours.
But "Appamada plus" contraindications too much. In addition to glaucoma and diabetes, angina, arrhythmia, severe hypertension and thyrotoxicosis, and pregnancy, and breast feeding. Children generally do not assign these drops.