Communism is a term derived from the Latin word commūnis ("common") and means "perfect world" model of society in which there is no social inequality, there is no private property and everyone has the right to the means of production, ensuring the existence of society as a whole. The concept of communism was also a gradual decrease in the role of the state with its subsequent withering away of the unnecessary, as well as money, and the responsibility of each person to society under the slogan "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs". By themselves, the definition of "communism", the data in different sources differ, though the General voicing ideas.
The basic ideas of communism
In 1848, Karl Marx formulated the basic tenets of communism - a series of steps and changes that will make possible the transition from the capitalist model of society to a Communist. He read it in "the Communist Manifesto", published 21 Feb.
The main idea of the Manifesto was the alienation of private ownership of land and payment of fees for land use in the state Treasury instead of private owners. In addition, according to the ideas of Marx, was to impose tax, depending on the level of provision paying the state monopoly on the banking system - centralization of credit in the hands of the state through a national Bank with wholly public capital, and the transfer of the whole transport system in the hands of the state (alienation of private ownership of transportation lines).
Labor obligations in the form of labor groups were introduced to all without exception, especially in the field of agriculture, abolished the principle of the transfer of inheritance and property alienated immigrants in the state. Had to build new state of the factory, creating primarily new means of production. Planned introduction of centralized agriculture by the state and under its control. Special importance was attached to the unification of agriculture with industry, gradual merging of towns and villages, the elimination of differences between them. In addition, had to be introduced total free the upbringing and education of children and educational activities, combined with the production process, abolished child labor in factories.
In Russia these ideas were embodied in Marxist-Leninist philosophy, ideology of the working class, calling for the overthrow of the capitalist system and the struggle of the proletariat for the building of a Communist society. Marxism-Leninism was officially enshrined as the state ideology of the Soviet Union Constitution of 1977 and lasted until the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Advice 2: Than communism differs from socialism
The world is so constituted that people always dream of social justice. This idea is firmly rooted in the ideologies of communismand socialism. At the beginning of last century, during the great socialist revolution, these two concepts are intertwined with each other. They were treated as synonyms.
The basis of the ideology of socialism is based on the idea of a world of equality and social justice. It was believed that all means of production should belong to those who work for them, not who owns them. The founders of this theory are Karl Marx, Pierre Lu, Charles Fourier and other scientists.
Many writers in their works with confidence to prove that socialism is a very real phenomenon that is beginning to be realized. The main social base, upon which the socialists are workers and peasants. At all times since the French revolution of 1789, the workers argued for their rights – the reduction of working hours, decent working conditions, raising wages, free education and health care, etc. the Workers and peasants - this is the society, i.e. the society.
Communism is the highest stage of human society, where all people are equal, there will be neither poor nor rich. This idea was supported by the English humanist and thinker Thomas Moore in his novel "Utopia". He justified the idea that we need to radically destroy not only the class differences between people, but also social classes. This theory was supported by such thinkers as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Ardent supporters of this ideology were Lenin and Stalin. They argued that under communism the General will not only of the means of production, but the products that they produce. All products will be made in the nationalized equipment and share equally among all members of society. That is all you need to take from the rich and give to the poor.
To achieve a world of bliss, argued the theorists, we need a world revolution, which will be able to destroy class inequality. In fact, "communism" is derived from "commune", i.e. everything in common. Also under communism rejects market relations, as a manifestation of capitalism. From this it follows that if there is no class society, there will be no state as apparatus of control that society.
Than communism differs from socialism
Socialism does not reject the money as such, in contrast to communism. It was claimed that under communism, all the money will not be needed and will wither away as the obsolete item.
Communism is the final stage of development of society, and socialism is just a transitional step to the ideal and "the highest bliss". Theorist of communism Karl Marx called socialism the "transitional phase of communism." The basic idea of socialism goes something like this: "to Each according to his work" and communism is "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".