The preparatory phase
Before conducting the decontamination procedure, the instruments must first be cleaned. All metal or plastic tools should be well washed with warm water and detergent – this will remove visible dirt. Abrasive materials and wood sticks should be cleaned and polished.
Disinfection in the oven
This type of disinfection is suitable only for metal instruments without any fusible surfaces. In professional nail salons and beauty salons are used for this oven, which is heated to 300-500 degrees, but the procedure can be done at home using a conventional oven. Of course, in this case, the temperature effects on the instruments will be lower, however, to kill bacteria on the surface.
So, heat oven to maximum temperature and place the instruments for disinfection. Lay them on the baking sheet so that they do not overlap with each other and not in contact among themselves. The disinfection time in the oven for 15-20 minutes, to kill bacteria that is enough. To comply with the conditions of sterility of the instruments from the pan remove the special metal tongs and immediately place in a sterile plastic bag with hermetic closure.
Disinfection in boiling water
The old method of sterilization, which was used by doctors before the advent of modern disinfectants and equipment – boiling. Under the action of high temperature in the boiling water for all harmful microorganisms are killed. The disadvantage of this method is its relative impracticality – not every metal tool is able to live long enough to maintain their functional properties, if it is to be boiled in water. Scissors become dull and worse are closed, the tongs are bent, and smaller devices and even can become unusable. However, if you need to disinfect the instrument, but the oven is not at hand, the boiling – something that will rescue you.
The technique is quite simple. The key in boiling water are placed pre-prepared tools and kept for 15 minutes. Sterile metal forceps should be removed and put to dry on sterile paper towels, then place in a sealed plastic bag with a zipper flap.
Advice 2 : How to disinfect manicure tool
The contents of the manicure sets are clean is very important. Tools for manicure needs to be disinfected immediately after use. Their is not enough just to wash because the water provides a favorable environment for the bacteria and fungi. Tools require thorough sterilization and disinfection.
For disinfecting manicure set, use methods such as boiling, hot air and steam. In nail salons are shown to the use of solutions with a wide spectrum of antimicrobial action. For rapid disinfection and sterilization of manicure tools before using them at home, wipe the surface with alcohol or even leave it for a while. Then, remove them with clean hands and dry.
For disinfection and sterilization of instruments made of metal boil some water. Wash them with soap and water and place in boiling water for 15-20 minutes. Without touching the surface of the tools with your hands, remove them with clean tongs and place in a resealable plastic bag until next use.
You can resort to using the oven. To do this, preheat the oven to 200oC, wash manicure with soap and water and dry. Clean forceps, place the tools on the baking sheet. Leave them in the oven for 15 minutes. Remove, let cool and place in sealed package. This is not the best method of sterilization, especially if the tool is used by different people. For more effective and rapid disinfection buy a special sterilizer.
In salons immediately after use, the instruments are cleaned of visible dirt with cotton swabs or brass brushes. Then they shift into another container with disinfectant solution. For this purpose, "Lysoformin", "Maxican","Polices", "Liestal" or "Bacillol". Any of these solutions are suitable for soaking instruments and disinfect the working surfaces. The liquid should completely cover all the items. The exposure time depends on the chosen solution. All manipulations are performed in protective gloves.
Strictly according to instructions, observe the rules of breeding, use and replace solution. Choose tools with anti-corrosion additives (for example, "Bacillol"). They will keep tools in working condition for a long time. Containers with solutions of disinfectants should be with lids and the inner panel with holes to drain the solution and also be marked with the name, concentration and date of preparation. After disinfection rinse instruments with water and dry thoroughly.
There is also ultrasonic disinfection. It is applied using ultrasonic sterilizer, which is filled with disinfectant solution. This method is useful for tools of complex shape.