Usually the main female hormones are estrogen and progesterone produced by the ovaries. It should be noted that before the appointment of any female hormone orally to correct the menstrual cycle it is advisable to have an idea of what phase of the cycle it works, and what specific functions are performed. Moreover, tablets, which include female hormones, can be used as contraceptives. However, these birth control pills can contain estrogen or progesterone, and to have both hormone. Therefore, for the correct choice of the necessary female sex hormone as a therapeutic therapy be sure to know their functions in the body.

There are a number of preparations containing estrogens, is recommended for hormone replacement therapy after surgical removal of the ovaries in certain forms of breast cancer and as a contraceptive. Contraindications include: tumors of the uterus and the risk of thrombosis. Often these medicines are used strictly according to numbering in specific days of the cycle. Most popular today are the drugs: "Ovestin", "Premarin", "Miniziston", "Regulon".

To medicinal drugs containing the female hormone progesterone, include: "main", "Progesterone", "cough medicine". As a rule, they are appointed with the threat of interruption of pregnancy, fibrocystic mastopathy, premenstrual syndrome, menstrual irregularities and endometriosis. Contraindicated in renal and liver failure, diabetes, epilepsy, asthma, high blood pressure, thrombosis and ectopic pregnancy.

Combined hormonal preparations that contain estrogens and progestins (progesterone) is used for contraception and normalization of menstrual cycle, subdivided into single phase and three phase.

Functions of estrogen and progesterone

Such important female sex hormones, produced in different periods of the cycle, play a different role in the body. Estrogens produced by ovaries are directly in the first phase of the cycle affect the occurrence of secondary sexual characteristics, improve skin condition, increase bone density and the deposition of subcutaneous fat. Progesterone appears at the beginning of the second phase, it is ovulation and the attachment of the fertilized egg, maintains pregnancy, and prepares mammary glands for milk production.

Factors that have a negative impact on hormonal balance

Hormonal balance is of great importance, but it is constantly influenced by various factors: fatigue, stress, age, sleep disorders, reduced immunity, Smoking, drug abuse, parasites, alcoholism, heredity, medicines, diseases.