Signs of cardiac ischemia
Mostly coronary artery disease develops in men after 50 years. Clinically, the disease can manifest itself in different ways. Very characteristically the emergence of angina - chest pain. Pain often occur during times of stress or after exercise. In the process of development of the disease like seizures are becoming more frequent. Also may be concerned about arrhythmia or tachycardia, feeling short of breath, difficult breath. Some patients experience no symptoms. A complication of coronary heart disease can be heart failure and myocardial infarction.
Causes of cardiac ischemia
Increased risk of the disease affects people with diabetes, hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, high cholesterol levels. Coronary artery disease precedes the contraction, and subsequently full blockage of the coronary arteries. The main cause of the disease is atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. Also ischemia of the heart may occur due to increased blood viscosity and blood clots. A result of narrowing blood vessels the heart lacks oxygen and nutrients.
Treatment of cardiac ischemia
Therapy for cardiac ischemia, primarily aimed at reduction in the rate of blood flow in the coronary arteries. It is important to remove or reduce barriers to the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. Depending on the state of the coronary arteries and blood vessels, the doctor may be limited to medication or suggest surgery.
The main drugs used in ischemic heart statins to lower cholesterol, beta-blockers, heparins for the prevention of blood clots, nitrates to relieve pain. Patients need to regularly take prescribed medications and do not change treatment without consulting a doctor.
Surgical treatment of ischemic heart disease are used in severe angina attacks. The most tangible result bring the surgery, which is aimed at restoring blood flow - angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting.
As methods of prevention, patients should follow a special diet with restriction of animal fats, sugary and salty foods. Very important is the complete quitting. She needed constant physical activity. Very important role has the restorative treatment in specialized sanatoriums where the sick is aerotherapy, heliotherapy, thalassotherapy, uses of radon, sulphide and iodine-bromine baths, the methods of electrotherapy, etc.